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Full video of the Double Barn Door build is below which can be found on my Youtube Channel, followed by materials list / tools list and a full set of written steps that you'll want to have to build your own version!
Step 1: Gather Materials and Brace Yourselves
Building and hanging two barn doors by yourself is a hell of a lot of work. Brace yourself!
- 10 x 2" x 8" x 8' Douglas Fir (Kiln Dried)
- 2 x 2" x 4" x 8' Douglas Fir (Kiln Dried)
- 75 x ½” Fluted Dowels: http://amzn.to/2qTKqaU
- TiteBond II Wood Glue: http://amzn.to/2peRFus
- Frog Tape: http://amzn.to/2pygofL
- Minwax Pre-Stain Conditioner: http://amzn.to/2peVJL
- Minwax Classic Grey: http://amzn.to/2osHghN
- Minwax Ebony: http://amzn.to/2osNr5w
- Barndoor Hardware (Your choice based on your aesthetic needs)
- Wen 12.5” Thickness Planer: http://amzn.to/2q9FYYW
- RYOBI 10 in. Sliding Compound Miter Saw: http://amzn.to/2q1klHw
- RYOBI Miter Saw Stand: http://amzn.to/2p1072e
- RYOBI Power Drill: http://amzn.to/2q1l5wn
- RYOBI Cordless Orbital Sander: http://amzn.to/2oICOaP
- MAKITA Paddle Switch 4.5” Angle Grinder: http://amzn.to/2q1xHmV
- Flap Discs: http://amzn.to/2pwnW35
- RYOBI Drill Bit Set: http://amzn.to/2oKKWXi
- ROCKLER Dowelling Jig: http://amzn.to/2p1iHam
- Rubber Mallet: http://amzn.to/2oHl4eV
- Hand Sanding Sponges: http://amzn.to/2oHa6pP
- BESSEY Economy 2.5” x 12” Clutch Clamps: http://amzn.to/2oIJGVy
- BESSEY H Style Pipe Clamps: http://amzn.to/2peTV53 (I used 10' pipes for this)
- 12” Rafter Square: http://amzn.to/2phZUIt
- Level (24”): http://amzn.to/2phF3Cj
FILM / AUDIO EQUIPMENT
Step 2: Plane (Optional) and Cut Your Pieces to Size
Douglas Fir lumber is rather rough, so I started off by planing all of my pieces down. This is not necessary if you don't have a planer, I just wanted to do it.
Between the amount of lumber I planed and the fact that my planer is on the ground, I was actually in quite a bit of pain by the end of it. I don't know why I didn't put it on a table...I did about 3-4 passes on each side of the lumber to bring it to a nicer, flat surface. Then, I cut all of my pieces to length.
- 20 x 2" x 8" x 40"
- 4 x 2" x 4" x 40"
It might be difficult to tell from Picture 4, but the design of each of my doors was as such:
- 1 x 2" x 8" x 40"
- 1 x 2" x 8" x 40"
- 8 x 2" x 8" x 40"
- 1 x 2" x 8" x 40"
- 1 x 2" x 8" x 40"
to make a door roughly 82" high (based on the door heigh I needed for this specific project), and it came out looking pretty sweet!
By the way, this project took me a lot longer than expected, with the obvious reason being that I literally needed to do everything twice as I was making two doors. If you're just making one door, things will move a lot faster!
Step 3: Cut Your Dowels
After laying out all of my cuts and arranging them how I liked them, I labeled each piece so that I could put them back in order when I glued them up.
I used my large T-Square to mark up locations for dowels. This was actually quite easy, just make sure that your pieces are squared up before you make any markings and don't get careless and knock your pieces out of whack while you're measuring!
Then, I used my Rockler Dowel Jig to drill three dowels in each piece. These were necessary for this project given the overall weight of each door and the need for strength between each joint. This jig is quite easy to use as well - you simply line up the center line of the plexiglass with your pencilled marking, clamp it to your piece, and use the associated drill bit to drill your holes to the depth of your choosing (this will be based on the length of the fluted dowels you purchase).
Step 4: Tape Up Your Pieces (Also Not Necessary)
After each piece was drilled, I used frog or masking tape to tape off the ends of each of my pieces.
This was more of an experiment than anything (and actually quite time consuming), but I wanted to see how much this would help me on the clean up side of things.
Spoiler - it helped a lot, but probably took equal time to tape up that I would have spent cleaning up glue squeeze out.
Step 5: The Epic Glue Up
The next part was relatively straight forward.
I lined up all of my pieces, applied a large amount of glue to both the surfaces as well as the dowel holes, hammered in my glued up fluted dowels, and then lined everything up and clamped things together to dry overnight in 10' pipe clamps.
Few tips here / what I would change:
- Don't try to glue up too much at once; part of me regrets doing the whole thing at once just because of the stress it added to the projectI used 10' long pipes for my pipe clamps, which I figured might sag in the middle due to stress, so I used scrap pieces of wood to support it
- Instead, I would recommend doing pieces in sets of 3-4 depending on your clamp size, letting dry for 3-4 hours, then combining - much easier to keep flat
- Make sure you have something to clamp on top to counter the clamp stress from the bottom (I didn't have enough clamps, so I used about 150 pounds in weight which worked great.
- Dowels kept everything lined up well, so definitely recommend using them both for strength and for accuracy
- Give it 12 hours to dry; this style of door is heavy and the joint need times to cure and settle
Step 6: Clean Up and Sanding
As you can see from Picture 1, the tape was very helpful in catching 95% of the glue squeeze out.
I don't regret attempting this method at all!
I then used a flap disk and my angle grinder to simultaneously remove glue but also add a slight "saw-milled" look to the wood. It doesn't show so much in photos, but it gives the barn doors a more weathered/rustic look.
I then went over those rough marks with a hand sanding block at 120 just so it would feel smooth overall to the touch. Using an air compressor to clean off all of your surfaces is very effective before staining (Picture 4).
Also my god was it a hot day out...look at that harsh lighting...
Step 7: Pre-Stain and Staining
My buddy wanted charcoal grey doors, which Minwax does not make.
So, to make this happen, I combined 3 parts Classic Grey and 1 part Ebony to make a darker mix. This was not an exact science - I just combined until I thought it looked good.
I used a pre-stain conditioner for these doors as well. Picture 1 shows all of my supplies. Picture 2 shows the difference between non-conditioned wood (left) and conditioned wood (right). Quite the difference actually!
The conditioner process is very simple. Just apply a solid coat to all surfaces, let dry for at least 15 minutes but no longer than 2 hours, and then apply your stain. I did one coat of conditioner as recommended and then one coat of my mixed stain to all surfaces of my doors (Pictures 3-4)
Step 8: Door Hardware: Round 1
Attaching barn door hardware is actually quite simple. Note, all orders will undoubtedly come with very detailed directions, measurements, and steps to install.
For this article, I'll just tell you what I did specific to my hardware.
Picture 1 shows the main track wheel piece. Picture 2 shows the components for attaching (a hex bolt, washer, and nut).
Step 9: Door Hardware: Round 2
My screws were not long enough to go through my doors, so the directions recommended doing a counter sink method for this.
To do this, I did the following:
- Picture 1: Based on the directions, mark the center points of your two holes (I believe mine were 1.25" and 4" from the top and 2.875" in from the sides)
- Picture 2: Pre drill a 1/8" pilot hole on the side that the track pieces will go on
- Picture 3: Flip the door over and drill a 1" counter sunk hole using a spade bit
- Picture 4: Drill a 3/8" final hole to accompany the hex bolt
- Picture 5: Drop the washer in the counter sunk hole, twist in the hex bolt using your fingers and a ratchet wrench, and tighten everything using a regular wrench on the other side. Make sure as you tighten things that your hangars stay perpendicular to the top of your door using a rafter square
Step 10: Door Hardware: Round 3
Step 1 for this is to have a partner. My god was this a pain in the ass doing solo!
My tracks came with pre-drilled holes which I recommend, but if your studs do not line up with those holes, then you'll need to drill new ones which is a bit of a hassle. Nonetheless, the last thing you want is your doors to come crashing down, so do this properly!
The other method for hanging tracks easily and so you can avoid having to find studs each time is to use an additional piece of wood that goes in between the track and wall. This piece will be drill into all of your studs for support, and then you can simply just drill in your track based on the pre-drilled holes without needing to locate studs for each one and/or drill new holes to fit your space. I didn't have this luxury but I managed.
I located the studs in my walls, found the proper height to drill my pilot holes based on the height of my door, and drilled into my walls. I used 2 x 6' tracks for this project, and each track had four total holes to connect to the walls using a large lag bolt, a washer, and an adjustable spacer which proved very handy.
I recommend getting a drill attachment for this, as hand cranking everything in was exhausting. Use a level to make sure everything stays parallel, and repeat the process if necessary for second track.
Also, you'll want to install the end stops at this point before attaching your lag bolts to the walls as those will sit in between the track and your lag bolt end.
Step 11: Hand Your Doors and Pray
...that they don't come crashing down.
If they don't...success!
You'll notice there are special locks on these doors. For the sake of this article and my sanity, I will not go into detail about the nor will I recommend using them. The directions were off and I ended up drilling holes in the wrong location (I measured this three separate times to double check I was doing it correctly).
We ended up fixing it later on with some rustic looking steal pieces that actually looked cool.
Step 12: Door Hardware: Round 4
Once my doors were on the tracks, I could install the door protector that prevented them from popping off their tracks if hit too hard. Simple process and very effective.
There is also a floor guide that needs to be installed to help properly "plum" your doors, but this required additional epoxy that I did not have at the time so I do not have documentation of it. The reason I needed epoxy was because I could not drill into the floor due to laminated flooring and concrete. My floor guide also did not require a routed groove on the bottom of the doorss.
After that, I was finished. The build of these doors was quite fun and straight forward.
Step 13: Admire Your Work and Feel Free to Cry (a Little)
Hanging complicated barn door hardware, by yourself, for the first time, and with minimal tools is quite tough, especially when you have to do it twice but make it perfectly accurate.I look forward to doing this again in the future with a partner to help and hopefully with just one door and no complicated add ons.
If you want to know any materials, tools, or have any general questions answered, you can check out the second step or contact me via my website, thecuttingbored.com and I would be happy to do answer them.
As always, thank you for reading! I would be so grateful if you could please subscribe to my Youtube Channel for future projects.
I put out videos every few weeks.
Third Prize in the
Home Improvement Contest 2017
chris.gaines.71 made it!