Intro: End Table With Open Mortise Joinery
I decided to stretch myself and use some real joinery and make a small table.
- Table saw
- Router table
- Edge jointing sled for table saw
- Face jointing sled for planer
- Figure eight table top connectors and screws.
Step 1: Create the Legs
The boards I picked were reasonably flat, so I just smoothed one side of each with the planer and glued the two together.
I squared up one end then I used a sled to edge joint one side and the sliced it into four inch and one half with legs.
I cut each leg to its final length.
Step 2: Cut Open Mortises in the Legs
I used and 1/4 inch straight bit and set up the fence on the router table to make open mortises. I clamped a stop block at the length I wanted.
For each leg I took several passes to make the mortise to the depth 1/2 inch.
I one of the legs to set the stop block to the proper distance on the other side of the fence. I did that because I was sure I was totally centered and this would keep the offset consistent.
I cut the other mortises.
Step 3: Cut the Skirts and the Tenons
I cut the two long skirts and two short skirts to length and rip them to width.
After some tests, I cut the mortises by setting the rip fence the length of my tenons. I start at the fence, and the make passes moving away from then fence until I come to the end of the board. I flip the board and repeat the process.
The fit was still too tight so I sanded the tenon until I got the fit I wanted.
Step 4: Trim the Bottom of the Tenons
I determined the amount of tenon that needed cut off on the bottom.
I cut them off with a hand saw and clean it up and rounded the tenon with a chisel.
Step 5: Make the Table Top
Now I rough cut the pieces for the top.
These were twisted, so I made a crude sled so I could joint them with the planer.
I propped up the high spots with shims.
I sketch a pattern on the face so I could tell when the top was jointed.
I flipped the boards over and planed the other side.
Using the sled again, I edge jointed the pieces and glued them together.
Step 6: Assemble the Table Bottom
I sanded the legs and the skirts.
I cut chamfers on the leg bottoms and rounded the edges
I glued the two longer sides together.
I glued the short skirts to one of the log sides.
I glued the other long side to the short skirts.
Step 7: Trim Top and Prepare Bottom
I squared the top and trimmed it to width.
I rounded the edges of the top.
I bored holes for the figure eight connectors in the skirts with the drill press.
Step 8: Finishing
- Wood conditioner
- Early American stain
- Spray Lacquer
- I smoothed the lacquer with #0000 steel wool.
Step 9: Attach the Top
I attached the figure eight connectors to the holes in the skirts with 1/2 inch screws, drilling pilot holes.
I aligned the bottom to the top.
I attached it to the top with 1/2 screws, drilling pilot holes.
Then I applied a coat of wax to the whole table.