Etching PCBs With Press'n'Peel




About: Design and electronics workshop in london

These days to make PCB’s you don’t need tons of expensive exposing equipment and bubble tanks, it can be done quite simply on your kitchen floor or in a garage and on a tight budget. There are many instructables already about how to create PCB's with toner and glossy photo paper or magazine pages etc. But what if you want something reliable, that peels straight off without any soaking?

Press ‘n’ Peel is a brand of toner transfer system distributed by Tekniks. I am not sure if they developed the technology but it seems to be a mylar like film with a blue powdery emulsion coated onto it . This coating is very weakly adhered to the plastic film.

The way it works is you print onto the blue side with a laser printer, then you flip it over and iron it onto the copper. The toner re-melts and sticks to the copper ( same as glossy paper ) but as the blue coating has poor adhesion to the sheet it comes unstuck as you peel it off leaving the residue only where the toner was.

It is not the only brand available though, there is also Pulsar paper and I have read somewhere there is a far eastern company that produces it but I couldn’t find any info on this.

It is a really excellent way of producing PCB’s in an instant, you can whip up a perfect batch PCB’s in 30-40 mins. It is also detailed enough to do SMD soldering and with good alignment double sided is possible. It is not without difficulty though, toner adhesion is still an issue and this is why I have written this guide to get perfect results every time.

Step 1: Materials & Preperation


You don’t need much at all, here are the materials I use

  • Laser printer
  • Iron
  • Acetone
  • IPA, Meths(no not crystal meth , denatured alcohol to Americans),
    Acetone, lighter fluid or any kind of decreasing solvent for cleaning
  • PCB Etchant ( I use Ferric Chloride )
  • Fine abrasive sand paper, 1200 or 800 grade
  • Paper towel (Toilet paper!)
  • Copper Board
  • Press’n’Peel / Pulsar paper or similar
  • PCB drill / Dremel type hobby drill


Designing and sizing the PCB is a whole other subject so I am going to leave it to you. As you can see I printed 2 sheets already, it is fairly straight forward. Here is a check list to help printing the image.

  • Is the image positive? toner = copper
  • Have you flipped the image?
  • is your printer set to US letter?
  • Set toner to thickest possible setting ( usually something like OHP mode )
  • Have you placed paper to print on the matt side? ( the wrong side is glossy )

As for the board this board is dirty! I’ve had it hanging around for ages so its all oxidized and gerrreeasy! If you buy board and its fresh from the seller don’t bother sanding it down it will work fine. But if its like this just rub it down with some fine ‘Wet and Dry’ (say 1000) with water till it gets bright and even coloured, this removes the oxidized surface making it more consistent to use when etching.

Some boards especially ones you have cut will have burrs on the edges, it is best to sand them off as it can make the image not stick around the edges. Just lie some sanding paper flat on the desk and rub the burred edge against it until it becomes flat.

Whether new or old it is a good idea to de-grease the surface of the PCB. I use IPA (no not pale ale) as its a bit less harsh on the hands, but the acetone that we will be using later on can also be used. Just rub it down until the towel you are rubbing it down with comes up clean.

Step 2: Place Down Image and Get the Iron!

Do it!

Now …. My images are all cut out separately, I have no idea why, but having all the images on one big sheet is fine, I cut them so there is an overhang on one side to make it easy to peel off. The next step is to make the P’n’P image stick to the copper board. The beauty of P’n’P is that it is semi-transparent so you can align it quite easily by holding it up to the light. I gently lay the images up then place a piece of paper over the top, the paper helps the iron to glide over the top and prevents the iron from catching on the film.

Equipment caution

Make sure you are doing it on a very heatproof surface! if unsure get a piece of scrap wood or a wooden chopping board.You may have a cheap iron in which case the coating on it is a bit poor and it creates friction, stop here if you do not want to sand off the coating!


  1. According to the instructions the iron needs to be set somewhere around ‘Wool’ I put it a bit higher and had no problem. I begin by just pressing down gently and rubbing over the entire board to get it up to temperature. Keep lifting up the covering paper and see that is is stuck completely flat to the surface.
  2. Once that is done and the board is up to heat you need pressure to fuse the image down onto the board. Some people have a trick of using a rolling pin or metal pipe, but I found I can get perfect results with just the iron. The trick is knowing how long to do it, the fact is it is better to over do it than under.
  3. The only thing you need to be careful of is not to spread or distort the image, this can be mistakenly done by pushing across the sheet too hard. Downward pressure is important but we don’t need hydraulic press levels!
  4. I start by putting the iron on its tip and rubbing the whole board left to right top to bottom in a circular pattern. This ensures every little bit of the image has had attention - do a bit extra around the edges as these parts tend to not stick so well.
  5. I also put the iron on its side edge and push it across the board too, try not to do this too hard as it can move/smear the image or cause traces to spread. Keep doing both of these processes somewhere around 5 mins is usually best.

Step 3: Cooling and Peeling

If you peel it off whilst still hot you will not get very good results, this is because the toner is still sticky and not set so it will come off. Cooling it down with the tap makes it quicker than waiting although I now tend not to do this as its more of a pain to re-iron it if it is not perfect.

Now you should be able to peel the image off, it takes a bit of practice to tell when its right, but once you get it down you can get perfect results all the time. If any of the image doesn’t stick, you can dry it out then cut out the missing section from the sheet and iron it down on that part of the image.

I peel the sheet back very slowly so I can spot any non fused parts before the whole sheet is off. If it is a bit patchy I can flip it back down and give it a bit more ironing.

This one came out perfect! if you are fussy or there is a defect you can fill those parts with any indelible marker

Step 4: Etch

To etch all you need is some etchant, a big enough Tupperware box with steep sides and a container for the liquid. The most common etchant is ferric chloride, the good thing about it is that it lasts a very long time once you mix it up and it is cheap! The downside is that it is extremely staining and very dark so it can be hard to see your board. It is not a dangerous chemical as long as you dont bath in it or throw it in your eyes!

Follow the mixing instructions on your etchant ( I usually make it a bit more concentrated than advised ) then but the board in the bottom of the box and pour on, pouring helps to stop bubbles forming.

You will have to agitate it, this means swishing the mix around for about 5-10 mins, it is not instant! but it is pretty obvious when the copper is almost gone as seen below.

The copper will not come off consistently, just swish until all the copper is gone then pour the acid into a container for future use. It needs to have a lid! and not be made of metal!!

When all the acid is gone, pick up the board with paper towel and rinse it under the tap. Rinse it thoroughly until all the acid is gone, be careful of your kitchen sink! anything metal can be tarnished with this stuff!

There are 2 ways of removing the P’n’P resist, either using abrasion or Acetone. I use Acetone because it is less back breaking work and is less scratchy on the copper. Just pour a little bit on, let it sit there for a few seconds then wipe off. If you use the cheap paper based board like me, I am afraid this technique will stain the board with black, this has no electrical influence, it just looks ugly. Sorry about the Kasabian image! … rubbish band.

Step 5: Finish and Drill

Done! now all I need to do is drill it, if you are doing a lot of holes like me ( 300 + ) then it is just not worth doing it by hand drill or pillar drill. A specialist PCB drill or press mounted hobby drill is a must, I use standard .9mm PCB refurbished ( resharpened from a factory ) drill bits for regular components and 1.2mm for wire and mounting holes.

Some people like to use acrylic spray at the end of soldering to protect the copper from corroding but the problem with this is that it makes it impossible to modify or repair the PCB in the future. I used to just leave the PCB’s unprotected and they would oxidise until I found this flux spray that also acts as a barrier. You simply just spray it on the board after cleaning and it protects the board from corrosion. Then when soldering it doesn’t get in the way, you can just solder right through it , in fact it helps as it is flux!!

If anyone has any further questions or ideas about improvement, feel free to comment below and I will try my best to reply.

2 People Made This Project!


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36 Discussions


1 year ago

I want to add that, in my experience if you change your toner, it's best to stick with the same brand as you last used (or the brand of your printer). I tried to get away with an aftermarket cartridge and it didn't stick whatsoever.

Bob Wilkes

1 year ago

I'll add my name to the "Can't make a print using Brother LJ" list. Using an HL-1440. Despite setting rez to max and "Toner Save" OFF, it doesn't lay down enough "ink" to make a good mask. Any Brother Techs lurking? I'd love to know how to use this printer.

Wound up printing to PDF and taking that file to local office supply store so they could print it on a _real_ laser. After that, things worked much better.

Tried baking board in the oven but used too much clamp pressure and had major bleeding of traces. Ironing worked best for me.

I'll also add my name to the "Drill board after masking but before etching" list. After etching I found it difficult to properly locate the drill points.


4 years ago

I'd never heard of this press n peel, but I will be getting some for my future projects, I hate the mess left by photo paper. For preventing corrosion I use immerse tin powder.

it coats the copper in a thin layer of tin, so it's still solderable, but prevents corrosion and gives a really nice silver effect to finished pcbs.

3 replies

4 years ago on Introduction

FYI, I've had really good results with this cheap toner transfer paper from China. I just print and use an iron to transfer to PCB. It comes right off after soaking the board in water for just a minute or two.

3 replies

nice! I had a look for alternatives but its hard to tell sometimes if its actually the same stuff. So its more like using glossy paper where you soak? any pictures of how the pre-etch PCB looks like?

It has a glossy coating on it, so yes, it's kind of like glossy paper, but I never had luck with that. This stuff works good and you don't have to fight to get it off. My only complaint is that they send it rolled up so you need to put it under some books for a few days to flatten out.

Here is a before etch / after etch shot.


Reply 2 years ago

yup, same, rolled paper is a problem. It was like a breeze first time, but I am planning to try again to get thing right with that paper


4 years ago on Introduction

I've ruined two laser printer cartridges using P-n-P Blue. It'd have been cheaper for me to have sent the boards out to be made. Because laser printer cartridges are not exactly cheap. At least not the ones that my HP L4+ laser printer takes.

5 replies

Reply 4 years ago on Introduction

Interesting, my printer is a HP Laserjet 1022 so much more budget and newer. Perhaps it is something to do with the way and temperature it is fused at its the risk of feeding odd stock through your laser printer! I ruined similar HP called 1012 when I fed sticker paper through and it stuck round the fuser roller!


Reply 4 years ago on Introduction

Yeah something stuck to the rollers running P-n-P Blue through my printer. Then everything it printed would have toner all over it, like a bad mimeograph. I tried to clean the rollers, but once it's done, it's done. When I go back to etching again I will try photoresist out. Transfer is pretty low resolution anyways. When it works for a lot of stuff it is great I suppose. But I've had my problems with it too.

I can honestly say I'd never try it again.


Reply 2 years ago

its called the blade (as per shopkeeper) a plastic plate which cleans the tone from roller. I had some problems and he changed the blade for $2.5 and everything was clean again


Reply 3 years ago

So, I don't know how a LJ4 works, but I have a LJ2, LJ3D, and a LJ5500dn and the LJ2/3 use a fuser bulb. I think it operates at a much higher temperature than newer printers. Thank you for the tip. I also have a LJ5500 and it prints P-N-P fine. It may use a lower temperature, as it uses a heck of a lot less energy. I think the fuser is induction heating, but the toner refills are definitely different compositions, that is why I guess at different temperatures.


Reply 3 years ago

You could be onto something with the higher heat. I know I ruined two toner cartridges using Press and Peel Blue on that machine. That's like $300 of toner cartridges shot. Cheaper for me to just send files out and have them made. But that is inconvenient. What with the waiting for the boards to come back, and all.

On top of all of that I am not mass producing any boards that I make, so hand soldering them with wire point, to point is the simplest thing for me to do.


2 years ago

"For peeling i put the PCB in the freezer right after ironing so that the foil contracts itself and leaves a clean print behind."

Found this gem on a forum.


2 years ago

How can I use photo glossary paper as an alternative of press and peel paper

1 reply

Reply 3 years ago

Not sticking is down to either poor copper prep (abrasive cleaning, using steel wool, or Scotchbrite, with soap and water is usually necessary) the copper has to be bright, and shiny, or too low heat. You have to watch while you iron to see it take. I forget today just what to look for, but I remember there is a change as the toner sticks to the copper. Even at its best it is still a pretty fiddly process though. What can be achieved is limited too. Some folks have better technique, but the process itself is prone to distortion. What with all of the heat, and pressing involved.


4 years ago on Introduction

Excellent to have a Instructable on this. I started using Press'n'Peel three years ago It took me ages to get my technique right. A guide like this would have helped me enormously. Good job.