2 ways to manage a 16 pushbuttons keypad with a minimum of pins.
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Step 1: Intro
I recently worked on a way to manage a 4x4 touch keypad matrix connected to an Arduino clone. The set points were:
-to use only 4+1 pins instead of 8 pins on the atmega328p
-to add a LCD Display 4x20 CHAR link via I2C (2 pins)
-to control digital and analog outputs.
So, having a lot of things to control with a sin amount of I/O.
Step 2: Things to Use:
I bought a LCD display 4x20 characters and an I2C module adaptator to connect the display with SDA (A4) and SCL (A5) pins on my arduino clone.
I use the famous and now obsolete MM74C922N: a 8 to 4 ways converter fit to the 4x4 matrix keypad.
I created a clone of the arduino based on the atmega328p and programmed via an HE10 connector (SPI bus) and an USBasp cable.
Step 3: Schematic and the Board:
The board is made of:
-the LCD keypad only use with Arduino IDE, not possible with LDmicro (Ladder programming)
-the MM74C922N board: 16 pushbuttons coded on 16 binary values on 4 bits DCBA. When a button is pressed: the blue led lights on and a value appears on DCBA (A is the LSB). When a button is released: the blue led lights off and the value is reset to zero on DCBA.
-the Arduino atmega238p clone board.
Step 4: Using LDmicro With Ladder Programming:
The code to enter is made of 4 values among 16 keypressed values so 16x16x16x16 combinations.
Once you draw the SFC, you have then to translate it into LADDER with the method given in one of my
Once typed, compile it as xxxx.hex and then download it with KHAZAMA downloader.
The LCD display cannot be programed on LDmicro.
Step 5: Using Arduino IDE 1.8.x With Mightycore and SMlib:
I translate the SFC into a state machine. Then I used Arduino IDE with the Mightycore and SM library inside.
I display message like: ERROR, WAITING, UNLOCK, state reached, value of the keypressed on the LCD diplay.
I give you the sketch and the SM lib. For Mightycore look at this:
Step 6: To Conclude:
These are two ways to manage the 16 keypad and it took me several hours to find the good sequence but now it works fine. You must respect these steps:
-1 detect a keypressed on a rising edge of the DA pin
-2 read the value generated on DCBA and compare to the good one
Unless it will certainly not work.
Thanks to all interesting tutorial over the net.