Intro: External Trigger for Stop Watch
This instructable will show how to add an external trigger to a stop watch so that it can be used for event timing from circuits. It's designed to accept from 1.5 - 50 VDC, though I've only tested it from 1.5 - 9 VDC.
Step 1: Dissemble Watch
Take the watch apart.
Step 2: Route Switch Wires
Add wires to the start/stop switch. Check the polarity of these wires and mark them with a sharpie to keep track.
Solder the following circuit. Here's how it works:
When there are 0V across RED-BLK, the transistor is non-conducting.
When there are > 0.6V across RED-BLK, the transistor conducts.
When there are < 0.6V across RED-BLK, the diode protects the transistor from reverse breakdown.
The 10K resistor limits current into the base.
Transistor turn-off speed isn't critical in this case, but if it was, I'd recommend adding a 1K resistor in front of the 10K resistor and a 10-100nF capacitor in parallel with the 10K resistor. This would help to quickly add to, and remove base charge to the transistor.
The flash card with the transistor on it shows how to figure out the pinout of an unknown NPN transistor. Using a multimeter in diode test mode, you'll find that the base-emitter junction has a higher potential than the base-collector junction.
Step 4: Add Prongs & Finish
In this step, add some screw prongs by drilling holes slightly smaller than the machine screws you will be using. After, reassemble the watch.