Get "On Star" -like System for Your Car, Free.

Intro: Get "On Star" -like System for Your Car, Free.

With a cheap mobile phone and a DTMF (dual tone multifrequency) decoder, you can get a system to unlock your car's doors, to turn off the engine, to trigger the siren or horn, or just about anyting you can think of with remote control (from any place you can dial up to your car's phone number).

Step 1: Get Your Stuff.

You'll need:

-A mobile phone that has a hand free port. And which you can configure to self answer any incoming call. (Motorola C133, which I used has this feature).
-A hand free for your cell phone. (got it for 1 US at Waldo's 1 dollar mart)
-A car charger/adaptor for your cell phone (Waldo's to the rescue)
-The most critical of all: a CM8870 dtmf decoder IC. In Mexico, AG electronica has them. It is considered obsolete in USA, but If you can get it in Mexico, you can certainly get it in the US.
-a 3.579545MHz quartz crystal
-2 x 100 KOhm x 1/4 W resistors
-1 X 330 KOhm x 1/4 W resistor
-3 X 100nF ceramic capacitors
-7805 voltage regulator IC
-1000 uF X 25 V Filtering capacitor
-4 x 12 V Relays (I used automobile type)
-4 x BC548 or any small power PNP transistor.
-4 x 4.7 KOhm x 1/4 W resistors
-4 x 1N4001 diodes (to dissipate back emf from the relays)
-Printed circuit board (prototype board)
-A nice plastic housing (I used a discarded wireless phone base station)

Step 2: Build the Circuit.

Some ciruit assembly skills are needed in this step, so I'll assume that and show you the schematic. Use your 7805 IC and 1000 uF capacitor to provide 5 V steady supply to it. (Ignore the zener and 100 Ohm resistor, the 7805 takes it place and is a lot better). Since we'll be supplying only 5 Volts to a single IC, the heatsink can be obmitted. From your hand free, take the cord to the earpice, cut it of (earpice). and solder the mesh or shield to ground, then the inner cable to the 100nF audio input capacitor.

This way your cellphone will pass the tone presses audio signals to the DTMF and it will decode them to its binary output.

On every binary output you will connect a buffering transitor to drive a 12 V relay. Now the relays are fed with 12 Volts, the transistor only grounds them so they operate, but the relays drive no current from the 5V supply (thus, we keep it simple).

BC548 is common, but you can try any low or mid power npn, like BC238, 2N2222, etc.

Reverse emf diodes should be mounted in parallel to the relays' coils but in reverse mode (so they catch back emf). I was lucky my relays came with diodes, so my boards doesn't show them. (snap!)

Step 3: Supply Voltage to Your Cellphone

Now assemble everything in your plastic box. Take cables from your relays to what ever load you would like to drive (door locks, sirens, lights, horn, engine, stereo, neon lights, etc). Just thing that this basic circuit can drive 4 outputs simultaneously ( to expand it to 7, you may need a 3-8 lines decoder 74LS138 or a 4-16 lines decoder 74LS154) But for me having and alterantive mean to unlock my doors if I accidentaly leave the keys in, or if my car is stolen, I can turn the engine off, even if I don't now where it is, IS GREAT!!!

Step 4: Look for a Secret Place.

Under my dash board, there is some place, and cabling is kept hidden. So I just bolted it and wrapped the cables.

Now call your cellphone. Once it answers, press a key to set the input you desire on. The table below shows the functions (K, is for keypressed)

K Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4
1 0 0 0 1
2 0 0 1 0
3 0 0 1 1
4 0 1 0 0
5 0 1 0 1
6 0 1 1 0
7 0 1 1 1
8 1 0 0 0
9 1 0 0 1
0 1 0 1 0
  • 1 0 1 1
# 1 1 0 0
A 1 1 0 1
B 1 1 1 0
C 1 1 1 1
D 0 0 0 0

So there you have it. Enjoy it and have fun!!!

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    67 Discussions

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    darweesh8

    4 years ago on Introduction

    Dear Boss, How about if i want to convert the existing OnStar to a Free Hand Calling through Bluetooth device? any idea

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    Chebog

    7 years ago on Introduction

    Sir, question? how many source is required in the circuit? is it 2 source? Source from the 7805 voltage regulator to supplied to the circuit and the 12volt for the relay? or is it the same source to use in the relay?

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    Chebog

    7 years ago on Introduction

    Hello Sir, I have a question?. The voltage regulator IC has a Input, common, and output, is the common pin there serve's as the Ground?.

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    Chebog

    7 years ago on Introduction

    sir good day again can something about relays.what relay could turn on and off a bulb with 220V and what DIODES and transistor can amplify or power up that relay?.tnx

    2 replies

    I've already explained that. You need to find yourself some basic electronics handbook. The automotive relays I suggest cannot handle 220V, they are low voltage high current relays designed for no more than 40 V. However there are PCB mounted relays that handle up to 400 V. The diode is to eliminate the back emf after the relay switches off so the transistor and IC do not get damaged. 1N4001 will do. For transistors: BC548, 2N2222 just about any small signal npn transistor will do.

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    Chebog

    7 years ago on Introduction

    What i mean is where do the supply of the relay goes?in order for it to function?

    1 reply
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    Chebog

    7 years ago on Introduction

    Sir good day.can i ask you again about where do the goes in the relay is it connected on the coil to drive it? and do the ground goes is it on the common of the voltage regulator IC?please reply.

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    Chebog

    7 years ago on Introduction

    good day, i just would like to ask you again regarding with the transistor.If where is the collector and emitter connected to the circuit.

    6 replies
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    ChebogChebog

    Reply 7 years ago on Introduction

    excuse me sir. is it OK to use any type of cellphone just like nokia phones?.or motorola phones only?.

    Motorola phones have the behaviour that this gadget demands: They can be set to auto answer even when the hands free and charger are plugtged. I tried a nokia one, but it didn't work the same way. Old motorolas worked for me.

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    ChebogChebog

    Reply 7 years ago on Introduction

    ahmm,good day sir.regarding on your circuit how about the relay how do you connect it?.because my relay comes with no diode inside.

    DTMF outputs small current 5/0 V states, thus to drive a relay, a transitor is used. The base is connected thru a resistor (4k7) to the DTMF. The emmiter to ground, the collector thru the relay's coil to 12 V. This is the most common way to drive a relay. Use any small signal generic npn such as 2N2222.

    Then use the realy's contacts as you please.

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    giacomine

    7 years ago on Step 4

    Como eu faço a ligação do celular para o circuito? E como eu faço a programação do celular (teclas)? Obrigado!

    1 reply