Glowing Laser Cut Pendant With Magnetic Battery Holder

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After trying out various designs over the last couple of months (check out my other Instructables), I finally came up with this one. Inspired by the Led Earring instructable, I ended up using magnets to hold a coin cell battery and act as contacts for the LED. The cool part is that the battery actually serves as a switch - slide it up to turn on the light, push it down to turn it off. And as a bonus - you do not need a screwdriver to pull out the battery (as opposed to SMD battery holders).

I made about 15 such pendants and gifted them in the last Burning Man (2013). It was a blast :)

Short warning - I did not have direct access to a laser cutter at the time, so this design is not perfect. You'll need to make small adjustments to the parts you cut, so make some extra parts. Just in case.

Also, note that the pendant is asymmetrical.So make sure you align all the parts properly before cutting and gluing. I guess next time I should add "up" and "down" engravings on the pieces themselves.

On/Off:


And again:



Changing colors:

Step 1: Materials

You'll need the following:

  • 5mm slow flashing LED. Or a fast flashing LED, it's up to you
  • 3mm Plywood sheet
  • 1mm clear or "frosty" acrylic. 1.5 and 2mm should be OK too - as you'll see later on, we make several layers anyway
  • CR2032 battery
  • Two M2 (or is it 2M ) screws, 16mm long
  • One 1/4" x 1/8" x 1/8" Block Neodymium Magnet N45 (or stronger). Try here - http://www.kjmagnetics.com/
  • Two 3mm x 5mm Cylinder Neodymium Rare Earth Magnets N45 (or stronger). Try here - http://www.kjmagnetics.com/
  • 400 grit sandpaper (to make clear acrylic look "frosty")
  • Epoxy glue
  • Superglue with a small tip
  • Optional - conductive glue (you'll see why)

If you decide to go for different magnets (for example, the slightly smaller 6x6x3mm block magnet), don't forget to change to the design accordingly.

Below you can find the design as DXF and as PDF files. Make sure you used the right material for each file.
Files are now also available in SVG format.

Step 2: The Parts

This is just a short step to make sure you understand the different parts. Note that in the photo, all the acrylic parts will have the thin plastic films on. I left them there so it's easier to see on the photo, but do remember to remove them (I forgot once..)
  • The plywood piece with the "man" figure is the front
  • The other plywood piece is the back part. It will hold the block magnet
  • One acrylic piece will serve as a diffuser
  • The acrylic piece with the two larger holes will hold the cylinder shaped magnets. I'll refer to it as the battery holder
  • The other acrylic parts are spacers. They'll be placed between the front and back of the pendent, and will hide the LED. Note that some spacers are "chomped". This will allow you to add a ring for a chain later on. I'll futher explain this on the next steps.

Step 3: Preparing the Back and LED

First, we want to place the rectangle/block magnet in the rectangular groove of the Plywood back piece. Use a scalpel to carefully enlarge if needed, but don't make it too big - we need a tight fit here. When you place the magnet, align it so about 1mm sticks out pointing down and the rest points up.

What's up and what's down? That is kinda confusing (so make sure you get it right!). "Down" is where side where the pendant meets your chest. "Up" is the side that points to the front piece (with the "Man" figure). The reason why you want it to stick out a little bit is because the battery is slightly ticker than the plywood we are using, and allowing the magnet to stick out a bit will help it holder the battery better. Just make sure you align the front and back pieces (have I mentioned that the design is asymmetrical?).

Now let's prepare the LED. First, Remove the LED’s "skirt" (cut it or use sandpaper) - this will make the LED slightly smaller, and will shave off ~1mm from the height of the pendant. Next, we want to bend the anode (+), which is typically the longer terminal, make a U shape, and place it between the block magnet and the plywood. It's hard to explain, so I hope that the images are informative enough (let me know if they aren't). 

Careful! The LED terminals are fragile. You can only bend them ~3-4 times before they break (you might need some extra LEDs..).

Make sure is that the magnet actually touches the anode, and apply some epoxy glue around the magnet of the upper side of the plywood piece. Important notes:
  • Do not use super glue here. Super glue tends to coat everything, and it will get between the anode and the magnet
  • Make sure that LED terminal touches the magnet
  • Do not put any glue between the LED and the magnet
Why not just solder the LED to the magnet? Heating the magnets will cause them to lose their magnetism (and we don't want that, do we?)

Step 4: Battery Holder

Next, we are going to place the two cylinder shaped magnets in the in the acrylic battery holder piece. The magnets should fit snugly in the holes... but then again, they might not. Whatever you do, do not try to force them in. Acrylic is not flexible, and it will just crack. If he holes are too small, carefully enlarge them. You can either by re-cutting the shapes, use a drill, or just use knife and rotate it inside the holes to enlarge them. Don't make them too big though, we still want them to hold the magnets.

Place the magnets so about 1mm sticks "down" (this side will hold the battery). Make sure all the pieces are aligned, and then put some epoxy around the sides of the magnets, on the "top" side of the acrylic battery holder (aka - not the side that holds the battery). Be careful not to cover the top part of the magnets - we need to keep them conductive. Do not use superglue.

Now take the back piece (from the previous step) and carefully slide the LED through the hole in the acrylic piece (as shown in the last picture). Use a knife to remove any excess epoxy that interferes with the alignment of the two pieces. Then, bend the cathode (-) of the LED so it touches one of the cylindrical magnets. 

Now is a good time to hold the pieces together and test the contacts using a battery. The LED should light up.

Optional – to improve the contacts, put some conductive glue on the LED terminals, where they touch the magnets. Let it dry before proceeding to the next step.

Step 5: Preparing the Diffuser and Assembling the Pendant

Use the sandpaper on both sides of the diffuser acrylic piece to give it an "icy" look. If you aren't sure which piece is the diffuser, check step 2.

Place the pieces in the following order (top-down):
* Front plywood piece (the one with the "man")
* diffuser
* 2 x long spacers (the pieces with two screw holes)
* 2 x short spacers (the pieces with one hole)
* battery holder + back plywood piece

The next part is a bit tricky, and sadly I don't have photos showing it. The goal here is to glue the short spacers to the long spacers so they don't move. Put one screw all the way in the lower hole (the wider end of the rhombus) - it will help you align all the pieces before gluing them. Then, rotate the front plywood piece and diffuser sideways to allow access to the spacers. Put a drop or two of superglue and let it dry.

Rotate the diffuser and front piece back into position and close the pendant with the second screw. If the screws are too long, just chomp them with a wire cutter or a hacksaw. 

Step 6: Done!

Place the battery in, and you're good to go!

Feel free to experiment with different sizes of LEDs. I actually ended up using two 3mm LEDs in some of the pendants, and really liked the result - smaller LEDs means fewer spacers and a smaller pendant. 

3 People Made This Project!

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64 Discussions

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CraigC39

2 years ago

Very nice idea and execution!!! Just curious why your magnet definitions go from english to metric? Never heard of an inventor or craftsman switching within a project?

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OrenLedermanCraigC39

Reply 2 years ago

Sometimes you just have to work with what you got :) The plans I uploaded use the specific measures of the magnets I was able to get when I made the first batch of these pendants.

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psycoticpilgrim

2 years ago

I'll echo the previous comments--this is awesome and thank you for sharing the beautiful outcome of your hard work!

I'm very interested in making a handful of these to share with friends--new and old--but I do not have access to a laser cutter. I'm curious if there might be an alternative way to get 'the man' design to turn out so well. Please let me know if you have any suggestions! Thank you again :)

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JohnR420psycoticpilgrim

Reply 2 years ago

Someone here 3D printed one I think.. would be an easy alternative

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OrenLedermanpsycoticpilgrim

Reply 2 years ago

Thank you for your kind words :) sadly, I don't know an alternative to a laser cutter. There are services like Ponoko you can use, but I'm not sure about the cost.

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emcdermid

2 years ago

Thank you - this is awesome! I'd very much like to make some similar pendants for the burn this year, but have a couple of design questions.

First, those exact sizes of magnets seem to be difficult to find rated at N45+, though N42 is pretty common. If I need to substitute, is there a recommended amount of pull I should be aiming for?

Also, in terms of simplifying assembly, - what if one was to change the acrylic battery holder to have just an open square large enough to fit the block magnet, glued all three magnets into the acrylic, and then did all of the LED-to-magnet attachments just on the one side of that piece? It seems like that would avoid the need to manage two different pieces as you thread the LED through the gap in the holder, but maybe there's another design consideration I'm missing?

Also, I'm interested in trying out the two 3mm LED version. Did you do anything particularly different for those vs. the description here? I'm guessing facing the LEDs in opposite directions (i.e. skirts facing each other) would be the ideal?

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OrenLedermanemcdermid

Reply 2 years ago

N42 should be just as good. I think that's what I ended up using for the batches I made in the U.S

Placing the led and doing all the gluing on the "internal" side of the pendant makes it look better and better protect the connectors. But try it out - that's the best way to know for sure :)

for the two LEDs - I think I got them both to point downwards. Made more sense since the top magnet blocks some of the light that's going up.

By the way - check out the other comments. Last your someone suggested a all-acrylic version of the badge that was easier to assemble.

Good luck!

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JohnR420

2 years ago

Im going to make these with a different design to give away at this burn! Is there a reason to use 5mm LEDs over 3mm ones? I found both, and figure the 3mm ones would be easier to make a more compact version.

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OrenLedermanJohnR420

Reply 2 years ago

Both sizes of LED are fine. I also used 3mm in the latest versions.

Depending on how many you are planning to make, you might want to use Silver Conductive Glue instead of a simple conductive glue. It works better (but it's more expensive).

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OrenLedermanJohnR420

Reply 2 years ago

It should work. Just test it on something else before you try to apply it on the pendant - this glue can be very liquid and inconsistent, and you don't want to use too much

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BootsP

3 years ago on Introduction

Hey! I recently designed my own LED acrylic pendant and was planning on making about 100 as Playa gifts this year! So I'm curious how many you ended up making? I came across one of them at the AZ regional Saguaro Man where a Burner named Sparticus was wearing it. I was intrigued by your battery design and was literally telling a buddy today at the Maker Lab about trying to possibly change mine up to emulate your switch design. Small friggin world. One thing you may want to think about instead of super glue is acrylic solvent cement. It doesn't actually glue it, it melts it together!

Link to a early version of mine. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hIreMQkA4dQ

They open a bit easier than in the video! LOL.

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OrenLedermanBootsP

Reply 3 years ago on Introduction

I ended up making about 20-30 for each burn (Burning Man 2013 & 2014, and Midburn 2014). It's a LOT of work to glue everything together, and every year I promise myself to never make more of them :-)

One day I will improve the design and make it more simple to put together. Now that I'm back in the university and there is a crazy maker space in the basement it might actually happen.

Thanks for the tip on the acrylic solvent cement. I just didn't have one around and the super glue did a good job.

Cool design. Etching the shape on a red acrylic simplifies everything. If you keep the same design (the Man burns in 78 days!), consider replacing the battery piece with pylwood - it's more flexible.

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BootsPOrenLederman

Reply 3 years ago on Introduction

So I pretty much have the prototype built. The top left piece 3/16" clear acrylic and the other two are 1/8" red acrylic. Found all the batteries at the best price at Apex Magnets. I bought the wrong square battery size and the conductive glue is tough to find, but I think it will work well! Managed to get it down to three pieces total. Going to fine tune the holes and start the hateful job of gluing! :) Thanks....

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OrenLedermanBootsP

Reply 3 years ago on Introduction

Looks great! are you going to 5mm or 3mm LEDs?

You'll might want to cut off some material from the center piece to reduce its weight.

Don't forget to upload photos when you're done :)

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BootsPOrenLederman

Reply 3 years ago on Introduction

5mm. It is no heavier than the old pendant I made. I bought the conductive glue, but it really didn't seem to work at all. :(

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OrenLedermanBootsP

Reply 3 years ago on Introduction

The conductive glue is usually not much of a glue. That's why i place a drop, let it dry and then cover the connection with epoxy do it doesn't move anywhere.

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BootsPOrenLederman

Reply 3 years ago on Introduction

Yup. I am actually thinking about epoxing the LED in place and letting the magnets hold the LED leads in place. I noticed on the first two I made, one LED was dimmer than the other because if the conductive glue breaks a little, it lessons the connectivity. Very happy with the final product! Thanks so much for the brilliant inspiration on the battery switch!

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OrenLedermanBootsP

Reply 3 years ago on Introduction

If you have some time to try out something else, you can try mixing metal or graphite power with epoxy and see whether it's strong (and conductive) enough. I am planning to try this myself in a couple of weeks