Greenhouse / Enclosure Automatic Heating

879

13

5

About: Passionate about computers and stuff :-)

Intro: Greenhouse / Enclosure Automatic Heating

A quick way of keeping the temperature inside an enclosure / greenhouse under control. In my case I had two enclosures, and I used:

- 1 x Arduino UNO board;

- 2x DHT22 temperature / humidity sensors;

- 2x relays;

- 2x hairdryers;

- (optionally) 2x fans (12V) to better circulate the air inside the enclosures.

(please note: the above links are for reference only, and not a recommendation of where to buy it from. Image copyright belongs to their authors / publishers)

In the code (Arduino sketch attached) the lower (heating starts) and higher (heating stops) temperature levels can be set. The code is simple enough, and additional descriptions are included in the comments. The ZIP file also contains the DHT library which needs to be copied in the Arduino IDE library folder (if not already there).

As electricity and humidity do not go well together, I've put a couple of towels at the bottom of each enclosure in order to trap any moisture coming down the sides of the enclosures, and I also wrapped the electric parts of the hairdryers (the handle with the controls) in some plastic film. I also wrapped the relays in some bubble wrap plastic so that the high voltage contacts won't accidentally touch other parts of the system, and damage it.

Please refer to the attached Fritzing diagram for wire connections. The 12V computer fans are connected straight to a 12V power adapter (they run continuously), and are not linked to the Arduino board or the rest of the setup.

UPDATE: I also added a series of LEDs in order to improve the light level. The consumption is of about 6W (1.2 Amps) for the 128 LEDs that I used (assuming a value of 100mW per LED), and it is a much cheaper way of replacing the grow lights. And the cool thing is that they are actually working :-) ... the plants are growing now aiming for the LEDs light. I used RGB LEDs, for which I only connected the Blue and Green colours, leaving the Red pin unconnected. I also used a 5V power adapter, and instead of using resistors (220 ohms) in order to reduce the current, I put two LEDs in series for each 5V connection point.

Share

    Recommendations

    • Furniture Contest 2018

      Furniture Contest 2018
    • Tiny Home Contest

      Tiny Home Contest
    • Metalworking Contest

      Metalworking Contest

    5 Discussions

    0
    None
    diy_bloke

    6 months ago

    Interesting. I have a greenhouse made from enforced polystyrene (the kind used as isolation in construction), but I also have that exact same contraption as you have, Have ben using it outside, but frankly it is not very handy there, so maybe I bring it in and use it as additional greenhouse. Have been using a small electric fan heater, but also a 12Volt ceramic heater. But a blowdryer is actually a good suggestion as well.

    2 replies
    0
    None
    Studviodiy_bloke

    Reply 6 months ago

    I tried a 12V ceramic heater as well, but I found it not to be very efficient. With the hairdryers it takes about 3 minutes to heat-up from about 16 to 20 centigrades for each enclosure.

    0
    None
    diy_blokeStudvio

    Reply 6 months ago

    fully agree. I started out with that... but when it got very cold it just couldnt keep up. The electric heater I had was just too powerful, but the föhn is a good idea. Will try that

    0
    None
    Studviodiy_bloke

    Reply 6 months ago

    Hi, thanks for that, it's fixed now.