HKU ITTT SpaceShuttle

In The Netherlands we had a school project called: If This Then That.

We had to make something interactable with an arduino.

In this project i'm gonna explain how to make a space shuttle with led lights, a soundtrack and a hood that can be opened with a servo motor.

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Step 1: Arduino Breadboard and Connections

-Arduino: Arduino Uno (Ref 3)

-1 Potmeter

-1 Piezo Buzzer or Speaker

-2 Led lights

-1 Servo Motor

-2 Resistances

-Wires

Step 2: The Coding Part

//Acces the different notes and include the ServoMotor.
#define NOTE_D5 587

#define NOTE_E5 659

#define NOTE_F5 698

#define NOTE_G5 784

#define NOTE_A5 880

#define NOTE_D6 1175

#define NOTE_E6 1319

#define NOTE_F6 1397

#include <Servo.h>


Servo myServo; //make a variable out of the class Servo

int ledState = LOW; // ledState used to set the LED

unsigned long previousMillis = 0; // will store last time LED was updated

const long interval = 1000; //A Const won't change

int speakerPin = 9; //Speaker or Piezo buzzer variable

int potPin = 0; //PotMeter variable

int valuePin0; //Variable for the change in value when turning the potMeter

//Setup Runs only once

void setup()

{

myServo.attach(6); //Add Servo to pin 6

pinMode(7, OUTPUT); //Add led to pin 7

pinMode(8, OUTPUT); //Add led to pin 8

pinMode(speakerPin, OUTPUT); //Add speaker or piezo to variable of the pin

}

//Loop is an update funcion

void loop()

{

valuePin0 = analogRead(potPin); //Read valuepin in analog so it have changeble values

valuePin0 = map(valuePin0, 0, 1023, 0, 89); //Map out the range of the potmeter so it can be used with the servoMotor

ledLights(); //Void ledLights

if(valuePin0 >= 89) //if the value is higher or the same as 89 play the song

{

song();

}

else if(valuePin0 <= 88) // else no speakertone and move servo

{

noTone(speakerPin);

myServo.write(valuePin0);

}

myServo.write(valuePin0); //backup to move the servo

}

//Function to define the beeping sound

void beep (unsigned char speakerPin, int frequencyInHertz, long timeInMilliseconds) //code for working out the rate at which each note plays and the frequency.

{

int x;

long delayAmount = (long)(1000000/frequencyInHertz);

long loopTime = (long)((timeInMilliseconds*1000)/(delayAmount*2));

for (x=0;x

{

digitalWrite(speakerPin,HIGH);

delayMicroseconds(delayAmount);

digitalWrite(speakerPin,LOW);

delayMicroseconds(delayAmount);

}

delay(20);

}

//Function to make the leds blink separted from the other code

void ledLights(){

unsigned long currentMillis = millis();

if (currentMillis - previousMillis >= interval)

{

// save the last time you blinked the LED

previousMillis = currentMillis;

// if the LED is off turn it on and vice-versa:

if (ledState == LOW) {

ledState = HIGH;

} else

{

ledState = LOW;

}

// set the LED with the ledState of the variable:

digitalWrite(7, ledState);

digitalWrite(8, ledState);

}

}

//Zelda: Song Of Storms

void song() //here is where all the notes for the song are played.

{

// beep(Speaker pin, Note, duration in milliseconds)

beep(speakerPin, NOTE_D5, 100);

delay(80);

beep(speakerPin, NOTE_F5, 100);

delay(80);

beep(speakerPin, NOTE_D6, 300);

delay(250);

beep(speakerPin, NOTE_D5, 100);

delay(80);

beep(speakerPin, NOTE_F5, 100);

delay(80);

beep(speakerPin, NOTE_D6, 300);

delay(250);

beep(speakerPin, NOTE_E6, 300);

delay(200);

beep(speakerPin, NOTE_F6, 100);

delay(100);

beep(speakerPin, NOTE_E6, 100);

delay(80);

beep(speakerPin, NOTE_F6, 100);

delay(80);

beep(speakerPin, NOTE_E6, 100);

delay(80);

beep(speakerPin, NOTE_C6, 100);

delay(80);

beep(speakerPin, NOTE_A5, 300);

delay(300);

beep(speakerPin, NOTE_A5, 300);

delay(100);

beep(speakerPin, NOTE_D5, 300);

delay(100);

beep(speakerPin, NOTE_F5, 100);

delay(100);

beep(speakerPin, NOTE_G5, 100);

delay(100);

beep(speakerPin, NOTE_A5, 300);

delay(500);

beep(speakerPin, NOTE_A5, 300);

delay(100);

beep(speakerPin, NOTE_D5, 300);

delay(100);

beep(speakerPin, NOTE_F5, 100);

delay(100);

beep(speakerPin, NOTE_G5, 100);

delay(100);

beep(speakerPin, NOTE_E5, 400);

delay(500);

//Second Segment

beep(speakerPin, NOTE_D5, 100);

delay(80);

beep(speakerPin, NOTE_F5, 100);

delay(80);

beep(speakerPin, NOTE_D6, 300);

delay(250);

beep(speakerPin, NOTE_D5, 100);

delay(80);

beep(speakerPin, NOTE_F5, 100);

delay(80);

beep(speakerPin, NOTE_D6, 300);

delay(250);

beep(speakerPin, NOTE_E6, 300);

delay(200);

beep(speakerPin, NOTE_F6, 100);

delay(100);

beep(speakerPin, NOTE_E6, 100);

delay(80);

beep(speakerPin, NOTE_F6, 100);

delay(80);

beep(speakerPin, NOTE_E6, 100);

delay(80);

beep(speakerPin, NOTE_C6, 100);

delay(80);

beep(speakerPin, NOTE_A5, 300);

delay(300);

beep(speakerPin, NOTE_A5, 300);

delay(100);

beep(speakerPin, NOTE_D5, 300);

delay(100);

beep(speakerPin, NOTE_F5, 150);

delay(100);

beep(speakerPin, NOTE_G5, 150);

delay(100);

beep(speakerPin, NOTE_A5, 300);

delay(200);

beep(speakerPin, NOTE_A5, 400);

delay(100);

beep(speakerPin, NOTE_D5, 600);

delay(100);

}

Step 3: Making the Space Shuttle

1: Go to a sawmill and buy a block of wood. I bought Redwood because it is softer and easier to carve with tools.

2: I used a planing machine to plan the nose of the shuttle and to plan all of the corners.

3: With a pencil i drew a wing on a normal piece of wood to Ensure that the size was correct then i used an automatic saw and i sawed both the Wings of the shuttle.

4: I fixed the Wings to the shuttle with only wooden sticks, this method ensured me to take the Wings of the shuttle when needed.

5: Added another wing on top of the shuttle in the same way as step 3 and 4.

6: With a chisel i carved a hole in the side of the shuttle were the arduino can be placed.

7: I went to a metal workshop, where 2 steel plates were made that fitted the holes. steel plates of 1mm.

8: I fixed the metal plates with piano hinges and carved in the nose another hole with the chisel.

9: Make holes with a screwdriver for the wires

10: Place the arduino with battery in the shuttle and connect the wires with te components.

END

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