In case you don't know, the raspberry Pi is a credit card sized computer. It was originally created to help youngsters learn how to program. Since the projects launch this tiny board has come a long way. There are are several models of the Pi. In this tutorial we will be using model B. NOTE: This tutorial will work on all models. Now with that, let's jump in!!!
Step 1: What You Will Need
•Raspberry Pi (of course)
•Sd card [8Gb SDHC "class 4" Recommended]
•HDMI Cable or Video and sound out cables
•Monitor Or TV that corresponds with your output type
•Mini USB cable (or like phone charger)
•wall to USB adapter [NOTE: in between 4.5 and 5 Volts. If larger could DAMAGE your Pi. If lower wouldn't boot]
•Ethernet or WiFi dongle
•Powered USB hub (if you plan on adding more USB devices than you have room for or if they draw too much power)
Step 2: Preparing Your Sd Card
The most important part of the Pi is the Operating System. The second is how much storage you have. To get the most out of your Pi you must format the Sd card. Use the following link, https://www.sdcard.org/downloads/formatter_4/ ,and download the Sd Association Sd formatter for your system. Run the tool and make sure to pick the correct drive. After you have to install the operating system(zip file) . Go to the Pi Foundations downloads page using the following link, https://www.raspberrypi.org/downloads/. In this tutorial we will be using NOOBS offline and network install. Basically, in this version of NOOBS it comes with the operating systems pre installed, so an Internet connection isn't required. If you would like to use NOOBS lite you can. Keep in mind that you will need an internet connection. The offline OS is a full operating system, so keep in mind it takes anywhere from 25 to 30 minutes to download. (Depending on your internet connection) after the NOOBS .Zip file downloads, you have to extract it. Extract it using a pre installed tool. Alternatively you can use 7zip or a like program. After the files extract you have to copy or move the recently extracted folder, onto the Sd card. Now extract the Sd card and gaze at all your hard work. But it's not over yet
Step 3: Putting Everything Together
Gather the materials you will need. Insert the Sd card into the Pi. Connect your output and keyboard. When you are ready to boot connect the Pi to the power.
Step 4: Setting Up the Os and Configure the Pi
Turn on your display and navigate to the pi's corresponding imput. Connect to the power. When you connect to power you should she a rainbow screen. After the rainbow screen, you will see a screen that Showa a list of available operating systems. I use, and recommend, Rasbian for people who just wanna mess around or are new to the Pi and programming in general. Check the os you would like and click install. (If you would like you could install multiple operating systems on multiple partitions. Keep in mind that the more you install, the more time it takes. A screen that says "welcome to your Raspberry Pi" followed by information and tips, along with a progress bar. Basically NOOBS is setting up your raspberry Pi with your operating system. This can take anywhere from 30 to 35 minutes PER operating system . So watch a Tv show and relax for a while. After it installs you will be prompted with a config menu. Hit enter on your keyboard to select, arrow keys to navigate, and tab to switch from the menu to select & finish.
Step 5: Booting Into the Graphical Interface
After you finish configuration you will be greeted with a command line followed by random text. You will be greeted with
" raspberry Pi login:" the default user is Pi. Type it and hit enter. The default password is raspberry. Keep in mind that when you type it you won't see any asterisks or characters. It is just a security feature of Linux. After you enter your password you will see " pi@raspberrypi:~$ " to boot into the graphical interface type "startx"
Step 6: Final Regards
You did it!!!! You are ready to start programming or using the Pi as a small,compact computer. Some examples of projects/ things you can program are....:
•personal playback device
•retro gaming cabinet/ machine
Note that some projects may need a certain operating systems and different versions of Pi to run. The newest models have twice the ram and half the loading speeds