Industrial IoT - How to Build Your Own Outdoor Pagoda for Weather, Air Quality, and Other Sensors

Introduction: Industrial IoT - How to Build Your Own Outdoor Pagoda for Weather, Air Quality, and Other Sensors

About: I love remotely monitoring Industrial IoT / IIoT sensors. My favorite things is water monitoring systems, water levels / well telemetry, and flood warning systems. Questions? Please don't hesitate to get in...

**Update: The article below is from our legacy Android app! Valarm is Industrial IoT. We'll help you, your teams, and your business with Industrial IoT applications using

If you want to save time and money you can just get your outdoor pagodas and sensor enclosures here at We highly recommend these sensor cases, pagodas, enclosures, boxes, much more than the fun experiment done below.

We recommend using GSM, WiFi, or ethernet connector devices / sensors hubs with any industrial sensors since they're much more reliable than Androids for Industrial IoT applications like:

You can use ValarmIndustrial IoT, telemetry and remote sensor monitoring solutions with any of the following connector devices / sensor hubs:

Valarm Industrial IoT sensor data is GPS-tagged, time-stamped, and sent to Valarm Tools Cloud / via any internet connectivity like WiFi, ethernet, or cell network. With Valarm Tools Cloud you’ll find services for mapping, graphing, and APIs like JSON to help you with your real-time, geo-enabled sensor monitoring and Industrial IoT applications.

Valarm compatible sensors + Industrial IoT hardware are available at

Have a look at Valarm's Industrial IoT Customer Stories page for more on what businesses and organizations are using these remote sensor monitoring and telemetry solutions and deploying Industrial IoT applications in a variety of industries.

Learn how all of this works together on our Web Dashboards for Industrial IoT, Telemetry, + Remote Monitoring.

Please don't hesitate to contact us at Info@Valarm.netif you've got any questions!


Ever wanted to build your own affordable outdoor pagoda or Industrial IoT sensor enclosure? This instructable teaches you how to make your own pagoda (a.k.a Stevenson screen or instrument shelter) where you can put a weather, air quality, or any other sensor. After you have everything configured then deploy your pagoda in the field to collect your data and perform remote environmental monitoring, data acquisition, fleet tracking, and more Industrial IoT applications. Plus you can make sparks with a dremel as shown in this video!

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Step 1: Prepare Pagoda Layers

In order to do this DIY pagoda you should have these parts:
- Plates or pot trays or saucers [You can get as many of these as you like depending on how tall you want your pagoda to be. You can get these at a home and/or garden center like Home Depot]
- Hot glue and hot glue gun
- Dremel
- All Thread Rods (sized depending on how high you want your pagoda to stand)
- Drill with drill bits sized for All Thread Rods
- Plastic or vinyl tubing that fits around your all thread
- Bolts and wing nuts that fit your all thread
- A weather, air quality, other sensor, whatever you want to put inside your pagoda (e.g., Yoctopuce USB sensors connected to an app like Valarm to measure CO2, VOCs, light lumens in lux, temperature, humidity, barometric pressure, and/or other factors)

The pagoda built here is for housing a basic weather sensor, if you're using your pagoda to measure and monitor air quality then pay close attention to which materials you use since a lot of brand new paint and plastic can give off volatile organic compounds (VOCs) for days or weeks.

Initial step: drill 3 holes in your trays to make a triangle to put your all thread rods. In this example green trays were bought and left green so that the pagoda could be discretely deployed in a shady tree, you may want different colors for your deployment location. If your pagoda is going to be in direct sun you can paint it white on the outside and black on the bottom halves of the trays (except for the bottom one since we want ground heat to be reflected).

Once you drill the holes you can use a dremel or any other tool to remove the center portion of the trays (except two plates for the top and one for the bottom of the pagoda to make sure the sensor inside is protected). If the edges of the trays look like they might hold water you can cut holes in the edges to encourage liquid drainage.

Step 2:

Start stacking the trays (one solid tray on the bottom and two solid trays on the top) using your All Thread through the three holes of each tray. Use trimmed pieces of your plastic tube (e.g., 1 inch pieces here) to space the trays apart according to your liking.

Step 3: Stick Your Sensor in Your Pagoda

Now you can attach the sensor under the top portion of your pagoda! We used double-sided tape here but you could use velcro or anything else you deem appropriate.

Step 4: Congratulations: You Built an Outdoor Pagoda!

Stack all of the trays and use your bolts to tighten the top part of the pagoda and your wing nuts to tighten the bottom side. You can also hot glue the bolts and any holes on top to avoid any liquid creeping into your pagoda. Have fun cutting off any excess All Thread using a dremel or other tool as seen in the video below!

Step 5: Deploy Your Newly Made Pagoda in the Field

The example pagoda made in this Instructable was deployed in Los Angeles, California, as part of a collaborative research project between the Los Angeles Page Museum at the La Brea Tar Pits, the Entomology Department at the Los Angeles Natural History Museum, and the BioSCAN biodiversity project.

The pagoda with a weather sensor (temperature, humidity, barometric pressure) inside is attached via USB cable to a phone using the Valarm app which monitors and uploads the environmental factors in real-time to the Valarm Tools website via Wi-Fi and/or 3G/4G cell networks.

As seen in the photo, this green pagoda was placed in a fig tree in a garden right by a bee hotel in order to assess local leafcutter bee nest cell construction and biodiversity. Now you're ready to remotely monitor water, air, and anything else!

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    2 Discussions


    6 years ago on Introduction

    it's like a Stevenson screen and should be white:
    nice idea, thanks. michelle ress


    Reply 6 years ago on Introduction

    Howdy Michelle,

    Wonderful, thank you for the information, I updated the first paragraph of the Instructable to include "a.k.a Stevenson screen or instrument shelter"!