The intention of this Instructable is to explore the science of electromagnetism through wireless power. If you'd like to learn more about electromagnetism and wireless power, you can watch my video explaining it.
Alright, let's jump right into it.
Step 1: The Video Version
If you'd like a full video walkthrough of how to do this, then feel free to watch the video below. It provides all the steps listed below except in video format.
Step 2: Gather the Parts
There's surprisingly not too many parts that are required for this project. However, the parts that you will need are smaller electronic components. In a lot of cases, these can be sourced from other scrap electronics. If you don't have any spare parts available, though, things will start to get expensive because you have to order these small parts in bulk. Below are links to all of the reasonably priced parts.
Step 3: Create the Receiver Coil
The first thing we need to create is to create the receiving coil (the coil that receives the electromagnetic charge). To do this, you want to take your magnet wire, pull out about an inch to create the first lead, then start wrapping it around the handle of a large screwdriver. Approximately 30 wraps is a good place to start. Then pull out another inch before cutting the wire to make the second lead. Slide the coil off the handle and wrap the leads once around the coil to hold the coil together.
With the coil made, we next want to solder an LED to it. In order for the leads to make a good connection with the LED, we will need to burn (or scrape with scissors) the plastic coating from each lead. After that, you can solder the legs of the LED to each lead of the wire (the direction doesn't matter).
Step 4: Create the Inducer Coil
The next thing we need to create is the inducer coil. This is what creates the electromagnetic field that is then passed on to the receiving coil. To make it, we start out the same way we did with the receiving coil, except after 15 wraps, pull out about an inch of wire, and then continue wrapping the remaining 15 turns of wire. Slide the coil off of the handle, wrap the leads around the coil to hold it together, and then use a lighter to burn the coating off both of the leads as well as the center lead. Now we need to solder the necessary parts to the coil. Take the transistor, and using the diagram to your right, find the "collector" leg and solder it to one of the outside leads. Then solder the middle "base" leg of the transistor to the 1k ohm resistor. And finally, solder the other end of the 1k ohm resistor to the other outside lead. At the moment, there should not be anything connected to the middle lead of the coil or the "emitter" leg of the transistor.
Step 5: Power It Up!
All that's left to do to get this to work is to apply power. So take the AA battery and connect the negative end of it to the "emitter" leg of the transistor, and connect the positive end to the middle lead of the inducer coil. What this does is send power throughout the wire and runs it through all the coils creating an electromagnetic field around the coil.
Now that the inducer coil has power, you can take the receiver coil (with the LED) and place it close the the inducer coil. The closer it gets, the brighter the LED will shine. You can even test it out by putting paper or plastic between the two coils and see how many it takes before the LED no longer powers up.
Step 6: Get Creative!
Although the first four steps are all you need to get the wireless LED working, you can now take what you've learned and create something cool with it! I was able to take a small box and tape the inducer coil to the inside lid of it and place the receiver coil inside of a little Minecraft trinket. So now whenever you open up the trinket and set it on the box, it automatically lights up! Be sure to let me know what you come up with in the comments below!