How to Make an Illuminated LED Eye Loupe

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Introduction: How to Make an Illuminated LED Eye Loupe

I have been using an eye loupe for viewing small electronic components, inspecting PCBs etc. However I was intrigued the other day when I saw this illuminated LED eye loupe at Sparkfun and I thought I should make my own.

The instructable shows how to adapt an ordinary eye loupe to an illuminated LED eye loupe. After I made one, I was surprised at how much better the magnified objects look due to the illumination.



Step 1: Components and Tools

Components:
1. SMD White LEDs PLCC package - 8 numbers
2. SMD Resistors 100 Ohm 1206 or 0805 size: 8 numbers
3. copper clad board (stock PCB), cut an annular shape (see the next step for the dimensions)
4. ordinary eye loupe
5. Battery holder (4xAA battery holder)

Material:
1. Multistrand connecting wire with plastic insulation, 2 colors - 1 feet each
2. Instant glue
3. Solder iron and wire
4. wire cutter



Step 2: Make the PCB

Once you have all the tools and components, the first step is to prepare the PCB to solder the LEDs on.

Measure the diameter of the lens and the diameter of the rim of the loupe. Let A be the diameter of the lens and B the diameter of the rim. The inner diamater (ID) Of the annular PCB should be equal to A and the outer diameter of the annular PCB should be equal to B.

An eagle brd file for our annular PCB can be downloaded from this instructable and used as is or modified for your particular loupe dimensions.

We used a Modela milling machine to cut the PCB, but with a bit of effort and patience, you can actually do it manually with a drill machine and dremel tool to separate the copper in two circular concentric bands.

Step 3: Solder the LEDs and Resistors

Once you have the PCB made,  its time to prepare the LEDs. I had some white SMD LEDs in PLCC package. But the size is not critical. Any size such as 1206 or 0805 would do too. Although a larger LED package is easier to solder. Similarly, for the resistor, a large package is recommended although I used size 0805 since thats what I had and it wasnt quite easy to solder this tiny resistor.

Solder the LED and the resistor at right angles as shown in the photograph. You would need 8 such LED-resistor pairs.

Ensure that the resistor is soldered to the LED Anode. You dont want a mix of pairs with resistors soldered to the LED cathode.

Step 4: Soldering the PCB

Mark out 8 equally spaced positions on the annular PCB and solder the LED-Resistor pair as shown in the photograph. Before attempting to solder the component, it is a good idea to tin the location with solder. This will allow the component to be soldered with a minimum of fuss and without too much heating of the components. Solder all the 8 LED-resistor pairs.

After you solder each pair, test that the LED lights up with the help of a digital multimeter (diode test mode) so you are sure that soldering hasnt damaged the LED.

Step 5: Glue the PCB and Connect the Battery!

Once all the LEDs are soldered,  Glue the soldered PCB (with the LEDs facing away from the loupe) to the lens side of the loupe using instant glue. Take precaution to alighn the PCB carefully. Now, connect the battery to the PCB copper bands. Observe the polarity while soldering the battery to the PCB.

I did not use a switch to turn the LEDs off and honestly it was an oversight. You could place an On/Off switch in series to turn the LEDs off, I just remove a battery from the battery holder to turn it off.

How does the illuminated LED eye loupe fare?

Check it out yourself in the next slide!

Step 6: Raison D'etre!

See the photographs here for yourself, how well the illuminated LED eye loupe works.

I had great fun building it and even more fun using it. I hope you do too, should you decide to make one for yourself.

Thanks to Nehul Malhotra for the PCB job!

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    41 Discussions

    0
    andres25nb
    andres25nb

    1 year ago on Step 5

    i like it, one question, this white smd component is a resistor?

    smd white.png
    0
    GenViper
    GenViper

    7 years ago on Introduction

    You, Gadre, are an inspiration; I never even CONSIDERED something like this before, but I took your idea and ran with it. I may put up a Instructable soon, but until then, it seemed only right that I share this here.

    I designed a coin cell holder, and made a system to add a small momentary switch; the entire system is now contained on the loupe itself.

    Loupe - Final, Off.JPGLoupe - Final, On.JPG.JPG
    0
    Gadre
    Gadre

    Reply 7 years ago on Introduction

    Oh this is awesome! Please go ahead and publish this as an Instructable!!

    0
    5Volt
    5Volt

    10 years ago on Introduction

    The PCB could be made with a circular (cup) drill saw (or what-is-its-name-in english), a vertical drill and some copper clad board. No PCB etching required.

    Clamp steadily the PCB to the vertical drill; drill out the smaller (inside diameter) with an appropriate diameter circular drill saw, then with an intermediate diameter circular drill saw scratch (do not cut) the insulating dip on the PCB then finish the ring with the larger outer diameter circular drill saw.
    You'll remain with two concentric conductive rings on the copperclad board suitable to hold the LEDS connected in parallel.

    Sorry, I'm missing some technical names for the things and I could not take advantage from wikipedia/google images...
    Hola everyone !
    A.

    0
    Johenix
    Johenix

    Reply 9 years ago on Introduction

    5Volt, I believe the word you were looking for is "DRILLPRESS".
    What is it in Espanole?
    Your English is better than my Espanole.
    Where do you hale from?

    0
    acelegna
    acelegna

    10 years ago on Step 4

    hi there...im trying to do a very similar thing BUT i have the "bulb" leds with the legs instead of the square ones you're using. My question is: can i solder them the same way you're doing? (bend the legs ontop of the copper traces and solder).....or do i have to flip the curcuit board around, drill small holes and insert the LEDs and bend the legs towards the traces on the "bottom side"? Great job by the way :)

    0
    Gadre
    Gadre

    Reply 10 years ago on Introduction

    Sure. I just did a normal LED version for you. It was on my mind for a long time anyway. Sorry, the image quality is not that good as its taken with a phone camera.. Hope this helps.. -Dhananjay Gadre

    PCBandLoupe.jpg080620101281.jpgLEDonPCB1.jpgResistorsSoldered.jpgLoupeLight.jpg080620101295.jpg
    0
    Ps2playa
    Ps2playa

    10 years ago on Step 5

    kinda looks like the arc reactor in Iron Man

    0
    zack247
    zack247

    10 years ago on Introduction

    now if only i had an eye loupe... it looks almost like a car headlight in step 5's picture. this is cool  B)

    0
    michaelgohjs
    michaelgohjs

    10 years ago on Step 6

    this is really nice
    BIG BIG diffrence good for dark indoor workshops (how most are) 

    0
    dadanr
    dadanr

    10 years ago on Step 6

    it is really cool loupe......a great idea for me to make sensor loupe to cleaning camera sensor.....thanks for sharing :)

    0
    fin saunders
    fin saunders

    10 years ago on Introduction

    How about a momentary on switch.  One out of a mouse for instance?

    That way it would only be on when you were holding it.   And forgetting to turn it off goes away.

    Nice Instructable.

    0
    handprints
    handprints

    10 years ago on Introduction

     This is awesome!  I have been looking at fern spores and holding a flashlight and my handlens and holding the frond still has been very difficult. 

    would you say this is a good project for beginning solderers?  Or should I go out and buy a new illuminated lens?  Even if it were more cost effective to buy a new one, I was thinking the experience would outweigh the extra cost (if any?)

    What do you think?

    thanks!!!

    0
    Gadre
    Gadre

    Reply 10 years ago on Introduction

    Thank you prosandy. I am sure it would be good fun to try it out. Soldering SMD components is not too much of a problem as long as you get largest size SMD resistors (1206 is quite common) and same goes for LEDs.

    0
    handprints
    handprints

    Reply 10 years ago on Introduction

     thanks!  a trip to radioshack is on the list of things to do today!

    0
    Gadre
    Gadre

    Reply 10 years ago on Introduction

    You might have a better choice on digikey:

    1. Loupe: http://search.digikey.com/scripts/DkSearch/dksus.dll?Detail&name=243-1021-ND

    2. LEDs: http://search.digikey.com/scripts/DkSearch/dksus.dll?Detail&name=CLM3C-WKW-CWBYA453CT-ND

    3. resistors: http://search.digikey.com/scripts/DkSearch/dksus.dll?Detail&name=RMCF1/8100JRCT-ND

    0
    Johenix
    Johenix

    Reply 10 years ago on Introduction

    While at DigiKey (Yes, there is a Thief River Falls, Minnesota), take a look at Lithium Coin batteries and their holders. I think two 2032 batteries and a holder would mount very nicely on the side of the loupe. Also take a look at the switches they have for sale. I think we could find a nice little one that lies flat against the side of the loupe.