This Instructable will demonstrate how to hand spin a gradient yarn. A gradient yarn is one where the colors change evenly from one color to the next and each color is presented one time. In contrast to other multicolored yarns where each color appears multiple times throughout the ball of yarn. So, let's make some rainbow colored yarn.
Step 1: Materials List
You don't need a spinning wheel to make yarn. You can buy or make a drop spindle. A drop spindle is basically a stick with some sort of weight at the end. Attaching the fiber to the top of the stick then spinning the stick will add twist to the loose fiber. Yarn in its simplest form is nothing but loose fiber with twist added to give it strength.
- Fiber that is dyed in a gradient
- Spinning wheel or drop spindle
- lazy kate or equivalent
- umbrella swift or equivalent
- large bowl, mild liquid soap, water, and towel
Step 2: Make the Pretty Braid of Fiber Ready to Spin
While this braided presentation is great for photography, displaying and transporting you will have to unbraid it to spin. Go to the end of the braid and pull and it will unbraid. Its basically a crocheted chain.
Step 3: Spin Each Color
If you have one long length of fiber that is dyed multiple colors like mine, you can separate the colors before spinning if you want to. Try to keep all of one color together as you are spinning.
Step 4: Ply the Bobbin of Yarn
I am plying using a 3-ply chaining technique. Plying is the process of taking a single strand of yarn and making it either 2 strand (2-ply) or 3 strand (3 ply) yarn.
Step 5: Taking the Plied Yarn Off of the Bobbin
I have a 60" antique clock reel for this, but you can use anything that will allow you to get the yarn into a loop and determine how many yards (or meters) of yarn you have. Popular alternatives: large book, chair turned upside down (wind the yarn around the legs of the chair), door knobs, yarn swift, or niddy noddy. To determine how many yards of yarn you have, measure the circumference (distance around) what ever you wound the yarn around. And count how many rounds you made. Multiply by circumference. Divide that by 36 (yards) or 100 (meters) to determine how many yards or meters of yarn you have.
Step 6: Setting the Twist
Before beginning make sure your yarn is tied in at least 3 places to prevent tangling. Unless you enjoy untangling knots. Lukewarm water and any gentle liquid soap will do, hand soap, shower gel or shampoo is what I use. Allowing the yarn to stay in the soapy water until it sinks to the bottom is the best way to ensure the yarn is thoroughly and evenly wet.
Two rinses also in lukewarm water, roll in a dry towel to remove more water and lay flat or hang to dry.
Step 7: Enjoy Your Rainbow Gradient Yarn
Enjoy using your handspun rainbow gradient yarn. My yarn is rather chunky, on purpose. I plan to knit a winter hat with it. You can use your handspun rainbow yarn for any project you would use commercial yarn for. Also you can use it as stripes and mix it with a solid color yarn. Enjoy!
Step 8: Resource List
Sources For Gradient Dyed Fiber
www.etsy.com (search for: gradient dyed fiber)
Learn to Spin and other Spinning supplies, classes, downloads
Step 9: Process Video
This video shows steps 1-7 in video format. If a picture is worth a thousand words, then a video must be worth a million words, right?!