How to Build a Soda Can Heater

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Soda Can Solar Space heater



This is a basic "how to" on creating your own soda can space heater. Several videos can be found on the net, but none of them really provide a step by step guide. I put this entire unit together with about 10 total hours of actual labor. If you have a source of cans, lumber, and a old double paned window (preferably), you can assembly one of these yourself. 



Required Materials

• 1 window, 46.5 " L x 23 " W (recycled/freecycle, double paned)

           o The selection of the window will dictate the number of cans required for the array. 

• For this size window, the number of soda/beer cans required is 72.

• 4 x (1 x 6) boards (not pine or poplar).

• Board Insulation

• Great stuff foam insulation

• 2 x 2.5 inch vents (bottom intake vents) 

• 1 x 3 inch vent (top)

• 3 x 4" squares of screen material

• Metal Duct Tape (for can assembly and final sealing) 

• 1/4" plyboard (for the back of the box) in this case the measurement is 2'x4'

• Black spray enamel (about 2 cans is sufficient for a 72 can array and painting the box. )

• 3 v computer fan. 

• 3 v solar cell (s).

• screws

• brad nails



 Required Tools

• Screw Gun

• Tin Snips

• Brad Nail Gun

• 2 and 5/8 inch hole bore drill bit.

• Hand saw or Circular saw

• Jig Saw

• Clamps     

• Square

• Tape measure

• Pencil    

    



 

Step 1: Cans and Manifold

Step 1

Consume beverages. Yes, you have to drink all the beers/sodas to make this heater, though alternatively, you could collect them. Whatever the method, it is important that the cans are in fairly good condition, free from dents, cracks, or tears.



After you’ve collected the requisite amount of cans, you should sand the surfaces of the cans, both to remove the paint with sandpaper and to roughen the surface so as to make the paint adhere more easily to the can.



The cans are needed to assemble the metal heating tubes. The cans will be assembled end to end, so punch a hole into the bottom. Use the punched hole to make a series of cuts with the tin snips to create a  baffle between each can.  Also, cut or break the pop tops off the cans to make stacking better.



Step 2

Once the cans are sanded, the array must be planned. Place cans side by side along the bottom board, leaving a small space between each can. Draw the outline of the cans on the bottom board to make the first manifold. Provide enough space from each edge to make sure the board will not break when drilling the can-sized holes. Use the 2 5/8 inch hole drill bit. Use metal tape to shore up the borders between the can holes as the drill will likely create thin walls between each can hole. 



While you are drilling, you can drill the holes for the vents. The top of the box will house the single 3" vent. The 2 smaller vents go in the bottom of the box. You can set a square of screen material over the holes before you press the vents in, which will help to keep insects out of the heater when it is finished.

Step 2: Can Towers and Box Construction

Step 3.

Once the bottom manifold is correct, use it as a template for the top manifold and create the box necessary to hold the window. Be sure to match the pattern left to right so that the can tubes line up and run straight within the window box.



Using the 1 x 6 boards, create the frame from the box for the window. Measure the boards to ensure that the window will fit snuggly within the frame. Once framed, screw the plyboard to the back of the box. Spraypaint the interior of the box with the black enamel paint, and cut in the insulation board necessary to fit the box. Be sure to leave enough space at the top of the box to create an air chamber into which the manifold will vent. The cans can now be assembled into tubes. 



Step 4.

Each can tube should be the same number in height. For this window example, each of the eight can tubes will be 9 cans in height. Use the metal duct tape to assemble the cans into 9 can tube towers. Paint the can assemblies with black enamel paint. Make sure that the cans do not go all the way to the top or the bottom, a small chamber should exist on the top and bottom of the manifold to collect and exhaust the air.



Step 3: Final Assembly and Testing

Step 5

With the can tubes put together, you can now progress to final assembly. Carefully fit the painted, taped can tubes through the bottom manifold into the top manifold. Special caution should be taken in this step as rough handling will break the tape seals in the can tubes. Final assembly should have both the top and bottom boards holes drilled and vents installed. 



Ensure to test the assembly for effective heating before finishing the insulation and sealing the system. 

Step 4: Sealing, Insulation, and Clamping

Step 6

After testing the final assembly, you can now finish the box.



Install the top vent and bottom vents into the pre-drilled holes.



Seal the insulation and cracks with the Great Stuff foam insulation. Be sparing with this insulation as over application will cause too much expansion and could damage your cans. Put beads of the great stuff foam insulation on the face of the boards, to act as a glue for the window.  Then use two sets of clamps to set the window into place. Using the metal duct tape, seal the window into place, and seal any cracks or edges around the outside of the box.





Step 5: Solar Powered Fan

Step 7

Create a solar vent fan that will assist in drawing hot air out of the solar heating assembly. Cut the computer board fitting from the computer fan, and splice with the solar cell (like wire colors). Use black electrical tape to finish the splicing. Place the solar fan just above the top vent, with some spacers that will allow the fan to spin freely.

Ensure to affix the solar cell to the front of the unit so that when the sun hits it the fan will engage.



The more direct sunlight the unit gets, the more efficiently it will operate, and the more free heat you can pump into your space be it your home, your green house or your man-cave. 



Good luck!!

Step 6: Further Refinements

after a few years of sporadic service, it was the time to use this unit outdoors for a more permanent purpose. a coat of weatherproof paint and some ducting coupled with the old computer fan housed within a waterproof unit and all of it typed into my chicken coop. the unit is made to face south to take advantage of the winter sunlight. I taken some great stuff foam insulation and made sure that it was nice and tight inside. during the day the chicks will get a nice push roughly 35 degrees centigrade air to keep them a little more comfortable in the winter.

3 People Made This Project!

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67 Discussions

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jmwells

4 years ago

I built one similar to yours. In front of, and on top of the insulation I put a piece of wonderboard. It lengthens the cool down period, and seems to store enough on most nights to not have a full cold start in the morning. Thermal mass is wonderful.

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cwallace0025jmwells

Reply 3 years ago on Introduction

Hi, Thanks for the idea! Are you still getting optimal results from the backer board addition? Noticing any problems with it or any suggestions on ways to improve? Thanks!

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jvangurp

4 years ago on Introduction

Why not use pine or polar? I'm going to fine tune a model and then buy a microcontroller from these folks to run the production models attached to the house: http://www.greenhillenvirotechnologies.com/products/about-the-okapi-systems

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craigesalmonfalling_stone

Reply 2 years ago

I also need to know why not Pine or Poplar? Is it too weak or expands and contracts too much?

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jevans70

3 years ago

Hey, this is great I built one using this guide. But.... you actually get hotter air without the pc fans. Noticeably hotter. I'm thinking as the air moves slower it has more time to heat. It naturally rises as it warms as we all know so it so pulls in more air as the hot air leaves at the top.

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falling_stonejevans70

Reply 3 years ago on Introduction

without the fan, you will run the risk of fire. I'm SURE it gets hotter without the fan. I'm just afraid to set it up and leave it unattended. :D

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weavingone2falling_stone

Reply 2 years ago

Hi, couldn't you use a thermostat to turn the fan on when the temperature got above a certain temperature? This would keep it from overheating and causing a fire.

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Kbquoi

2 years ago

here's the fan.

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Kbquoi

2 years ago

Here's the fan.

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Kbquoi

2 years ago

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6Xy5cAYtIiU

French video.

I went 3" ducking, insulated, all the way from the pannel to the connection in the window, where I enlarged to 4" so i could use a rectangular heating trap fan.

Hi-
Just wondering, this may sound WOEFULLY ignorant and I apologise but I'm not particularly sciencey- but how good is this in winter? I am only thinking because both metal and glass get very cold from the air temperature? I am looking to convert an old van into a motorhome that is as self-sufficient as possible- I live in the UK and it gets to around -5 in winter. :)

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BradLayton1amber.guenigault

Reply 3 years ago

Come to Montana summer 2016 for the Missoula College Energy Practicum.

http://mc.umt.edu/acet/Academic_Programs/NRGY/Practicum.php

This is a good question, the box itself is insulated with foam insulating panels. The heat is captured black paint on the metal cans from incident solar radiation. The heated air will pass through the cans and out the outlet bringing in cool air which will reside in the unit until it's hot enough to come out the top. You can see the relative temperature differences in the attached picture. It was 60F that day, and we were able to get the unit to produce hot air up to about 150F in direct sunlight.

DSC_0024.JPG
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emazza00

3 years ago

How Can I measure how much heat it generates?

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falling_stoneemazza00

Reply 3 years ago

Measure the temperature of the incoming air.
Measure the temperature of the air that is coming out of the top.
Depending on how much sunligt you'll get and what kind of fan you'll rig to it will have an inpact on the output.
I recommend using something like this http://tinyurl.com/pup8wuj to get your temperatures.Once you know your temperature difference you can use a physics equation to determine the actual heat transferred.
http://www.physicsclassroom.com/class/thermalP/Lesson-2/Measuring-the-Quantity-of-Heat

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emazza00

3 years ago on Introduction

I have a question on how to make this at home, I want to build this however, I want it to be smaller. How do I know what size fan to get, and where to I get the fan, I want my version to by 32 by 23 I believe.?