Iguanas are interesting reptiles to keep as pets. Unfortunately, iguanas are not easy to care for and will die if not taken care of properly. This is because iguanas have a variety of unique environmental and dietary needs. However, by creating a good habitat and feeding your iguana properly, you'll make sure your iguana thrives in its new home.
Step 1: Creating the Right Climate
Provide your iguana with lots of light. To thrive, iguanas need access to certain types of light. Most importantly, iguanas need ultralight light that is in the UVB spectrum. Without this sort of light, your iguana could suffer from a deficiency of vitamin D, be unable to absorb calcium, and have other health problems.Purchase UVB light bulbs that are specifically labelled for reptiles. Those made for reef tanks and plants don't provide enough UVB rays for your iguana. Make sure your lizard breed naturally adapted to this temperature.While UVB light should reach the entire habitat, make sure to place a light 12 to 18 inches (30 to 46 cm) above the iguana’s basking area.
Step 2: Install a Heat Source for Your Iguana
Since most climates are cooler than environments where iguanas thrive, you’ll need to install a source of heat in your iguana’s habitat. This is important, as your iguana will not thrive if it is too cold.
- The coolest area of your iguana’s habitat should be between 75 and 80 degrees Fahrenheit (24 to 27 degrees Celsius).
- Keep the “basking area” between 95 and 100 degrees Fahrenheit (35 to 38 degrees Celsius).
Step 3: Install Thermostats in the Habitat.
Place a thermostat in the middle and on the edge of the habitat. This way, you’ll be able to monitor the temperature in different parts of the habitat. Ultimately, this will help you make sure that the temperature and climate is right for your iguana.
Step 4: Create a Basking Area.
The basking area is an area of your iguana’s habitat where your iguana can enjoy heat and light. This area is fundamental to making your iguana happy. Without a basking area, your cage won’t simulate the iguana’s natural environment. Basking areas should have:
- A large flat area for your iguana to lay.
- Direct light from a UVB light.
- A close proximity to a heat rock or another source of direct heat.