Introduction: How to Convert Decimal Numbers Into Hexadecimal Numbers
With These instructions, you will learn how to convert a decimal number into a hexadecimal number. A decimal number, which is a number in base 10, can be can be represented using the values 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, and 9. A hexadecimal number, which is a number in base 16, can be represented using the values 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, A, B, C, D, E, and F.
No prior coding or complex mathematical experience is need to follow these instructions.
This process will take no more than five minutes and the material you will need include: a calculator, pencil, and paper.
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Step 1: Familiarize Yourself With the Basic Conversions From Decimal Numbers to Hexadecimal Numbers
The first step to converting a decimal number to hexadecimal is to learn basics conversion numbers. In decimal they are 0 – 15, this is because they correspond to all sixteen digits on the hexadecimal number system. Figure 1 shows these conversion numbers.
Step 2: Create a Table
After familiarizing yourself with the basic conversion numbers, the next step is to use your pencil to draw a table similar to the Figure 2 onto your paper. This will keep the calculations you will perform nice and neat.
Step 3: Begin Filling in Your Table
The next step is to begin filling in the table. For the purpose of demonstrations this instruction set will convert the decimal number 42473 but you can choose whichever number you would like. After you chose a decimal number you would like to convert:
· Place the decimal number in the top left portion of your table
· Place the Hexadecimal conversion factor, /16, in the top right portion of the table
Step 4: Divide Your Decimal Number by 16
Using a calculator, divide your decimal number by 16. Treat the answer to this calculation as an integer. In other words, only take the whole number answer and remove any numbers after the decimal point. Then write this integer number in a new row on the left column, underneath the original decimal number.
Step 5: Find the Remainder
Using your calculator again, multiply the new integer value you calculated in the previous step by 16, then subtract the result from the decimal number above it. Then write the answer to this calculation in the right column adjacent to the integer value calculated in step 4.
Step 6: Repeat
Repeat steps 4 and 5 until the decimal number in the left column is less than 16. This decimal number is considered a remainder as well
Step 7: Convert the Remainders
In reverse order, starting with the integer less than 16 and ending with the first remainder you calculated, convert the remainders into hexadecimal numbers using the basic number conversion table in Figure 1.