Introduction: How to Convert and Mill Your PCB Layouts on Your CNC
DipTrace : http://www.diptrace.com/
CopperCAM : http://www.galaad.net/coppercam-eng.html
Mach3 : http://www.machsupport.com/
I used DipTrace form y PCB Layouts but any software cable of saving Gerber files can be used. Its Free if you can be under 300 pins. Witch works fine for most of my projects.
To control my CNC Mill I use Mach 3, but any other software can be used such as LinuxCNC and EMC2.
But for me I think the 175$ for a Mach 3 License is well spend since it’s a great peace of software.
I also got an license for CopperCAM for 80 € which is good given out and don’t have to mangle with a lot of conversation programs and scripts. Her I gave a great GUI and can see what’s happens and change the settings easily.
I will make the Tutorial both as a Video and Images Step by Step Guide
The Video can be seen her, the Image and Text Step by Steps on the next pages.
Step 1: Exporting PCB Design
Have your PCB Design Loaded in DipTrace and go to File /Export / Gerber…
Select the Top Layer and click Export chose Yes to use the automatically apertures and save the File eg. “Top.gbr”
Select Board Outline and click Export chose Yes to use the automatically apertures and save the File eg. “BoardOutline.gbr”
Close the Export Gerber window.
Select File /Export / N/C Drill…
Check the settings and click Export chose Yes to use the automatically tools and save the File eg. “Through.drl”
Then Close DipTrace and start CopperCAM.
Step 2: Exporting G-Code in CopperCAM
Goto Files / Open / New Circuit.. and select the file Top Layer file “Top.gbr”
Goto Files / Open / Drills.. and select the file N/C Drill file “Through.drl” and click Yes if the Drill Holes look to be placed correct.
Goto Files / Open / Additional layer.. and select the file Board Outline file “BoardOutline.gbr” and click Yes if Board Outline look to be placed correct.
Select Layer 6 (Card Cutout)
Goto Files / Offset.. set Dx = -2,5 and Dy=-2,5 and click OK, this will place the PCB Layout in the correct place in the Card Cutout.
Select the Calculate isolating toolpaths icon, select the number of extra contours the engraving bit shall run abound the tracks. I use 1 both places. And click OK
Now you should see how your PCB will look like. The view is from the Top thru the board to it have to be inverted. But we will do that under the export process.
Select Parameters / Tool library..
And set up the number of tools you are going to use.
For my example
1 : 10 degree V-Bit for Engraving
2 : 1,3 mm Drill for Cutting
3 : 0,8 mm Drill for drilling 0,8 mm holes.
4 : 1.2 mm Drill for drilling all 1,2 mm holes and those a bow. So that I don’t have to change drills too often.
And click OK
Select File / Origin
Enter the values X=2 and Y=2 and select OK
This will change the Origin Point where the CNC will start from so that the start point is where the corner of the board so that you easily can position the CNC and don’t get too much waist material.
The White Cross will mark the Start Point.
Select Parameters / Select tools.. her you can change some option on how your G-Code shall be with travel speed and use of Bits with more.
I change under Drilling Tools “Use for each drill the closest small tool, with circular boring”
And “Allow circular boring for all holes over “ is set to 1 mm.
In my setup, it will then end up with one file for 0,8 mm drilling and one for 1,2 mm and it will then use the 1,2 mm drill for all holes witch is bigger, this saves me a lot of changing drills since I can do it all with only 2 drills.
Then to the last steps exporting the G-Code for the tool’s.
Click the Mill Icon to generate the Output files.
Select Section #1 and chose “Engraving layer #1” check the Flip X box.
This will invert the design.
Select OK, this will Open a Notepad windows with the G-Code for the selected task. Save that eg. As “Engrave.txt”.
Click the Mill Icon again and change the Section #1 to Drilling (Tool #3 ø 0,8) check the Flip X box.
Select OK, this will again Open a Notepad windows with the G-Code for the selected task. Save that eg. As “drill_08.txt”.
Click the Mill Icon again and change the Section #1 to Drilling (Tool #4 ø 1,2) check the Flip X box.
Select OK, this will again Open a Notepad windows with the G-Code for the selected task. Save that eg. As “drill_12.txt”.
Click the Mill Icon again and change the Section #1 to Cutting out check the Flip X box.
Select OK, this will again Open a Notepad windows with the G-Code for the selected task. Save that eg. As “Cutout.txt”.
Now you have 4 files with G-Code for the necessary tasks.
You can run them in the order you like. But you should always run the Cutout as the last one.
I prefer the following order.
1 : Engrave
2 : Drill 0,8
3 : Drill 1,2
4 : Cutout
Now start your favorite Milling program and get ready to Mill.
A video of this process of my example is in the last port of the Video.
Step 3: The Finish Result
Her are 6 images showing the PCB after each step.
1. After Engraving.
2. After 0,8 mm Drill
3. After 1,2 mm Drill
4. After 1,2 mm Cutout
5. The cleaned and ready to use PCB
6. The Complete and assembled PCB