How to Crochet a Granny Square

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There are several good Instructables with crochet patterns that show you how to use granny squares to make afghans, hats, scarves, bags etc. However, I did not see one on how to make a granny square. I hope this Instructable will fit the bill. It will teach you how to create this basic shape. There are lots of pictures as well as a detailed video describing the process. Please feel free to contact me with any questions you may have. Good luck!

If this feels a little overwhelming, you may want to start here to learn the basic crochet stitch. This is an instructable I made for those who are just discovering crocheting.

Step 1: Making the First Round - From Slipknot to Joining

Make a slipknot with your yarn and insert the hook into the knot.

Chain 4 stitches.

Insert your hook into the first stitch (closest to the slipknot).

Yarn over and pull the yarn through the stitch. Slip the stitch through the loop on your hook.

This creates the ring (center of the granny square). Take note of the hole in the center of the ring, this is where all the work will be done for the first round.

Chain 3 stitches.

Double crochet into the ring

Double crochet into the ring again.

This set of stitches is the first "shell" of the granny square. A shell consists of three double crochets together in the same space. Please note that the chain of 3 takes the place of a double crochet.

The first round will consist of four shells. You will need to chain 2 stitches between each shell in the first round.

Chain 2 and make another shell by doing three double crochets into the ring (this is shell number 2).

Chain 2 again, make another shell by doing three double crochets into the ring (this is shell number 3).

Chain 2, yet again, and make the last shell for round one.

You now have 4 shells and are ready to join them together.

Chain 2 stitches then insert your hook into the second stitch of the first shell you made (the second stitch on the chain 3 we did directly after making the ring).

With your hook through the stitch, yarn over and pull through. Slip stitch through the loop on your hook.

That concludes the first round. All subsequent rounds are just a repeat of this round. The only difference is the number of shells you will make and the amount of chain stitches between shells.

Step 2: Round Two

The first round of the square is complete. For round two start by simply chaining three stitches straight up.

Double crochet into the large hole near the base of the 'chain three'.

Double crochet again into the same hole. That makes three double crochets or a "shell".

Chain one. You only chain one between shells on the edge of the square. You chain two between a group of shells in the corner of the square.

Create another shell in the next hole.

Chain two.

Create another shell.

Repeat this pattern until the round is complete.

Join the first and last shell as shown in step one.

At this point you could keep going with as many rounds as you want, or you can finish the square off as it is. See step three for finishing off and sewing in the loose ends.

Step 3: Finishing Off

In my example above I have added two more rounds to the granny square. You can add more or less, it is entirely up to you.

Once you have completed your last round, cut your working yard, leaving six to eight inches of yarn.

Pull the yard straight through the last slip stitch you just made. This will bind it off and keep it from unraveling.

Now to sew in the loose ends. Use a large needle and thread the yarn through it.

Insert the needle through several groupings of loops. Pull through and repeat several times. There is no magic formula for this step, just sew it in discretely. When you are done, pull it tight and cut it off.

Repeat the same step for the other loose end.

Congratulations, you have completed your granny square. I hope this helps someone out and if you have any questions, please feel free to ask. I will help in anyway that I can. Also, I would love to see pictures of any square that you make.

-Russm313

9 People Made This Project!

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43 Discussions

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ChristineC200

Question 2 months ago on Introduction

I 'm fine doing the first and second granny square, however when it comes to the third section I do not seem to finish off properly, it does not seem the same. Every tutorial does not keep going on for the third round.

I'm following instructions when doing a corner only chain 2. It is the last corner is where I come unstuck.

I hope you can advise

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BronwynK1

2 months ago

I am still going around and around.

1CA31390-59A9-4C8C-804F-B37180F6D78B.jpeg
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maryanne smith

2 months ago on Step 3

Thank you so much for taking the time to post WRITTEN INSTRUCTIONS. I prefer the written word over the video. These were perfect. I had tried multiple videos and never could obtain the perfect square. I now have been successful thanks to you!!

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duchess295

7 months ago on Step 3

Thank you so much for these very detailed instructions! I had forgotten "only chain two when making a corner"! No wonder my other project did not turn out! Very much appreciated! I am working on the 8-bit Mario blanket!

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27sampson

1 year ago

Thank you so much the easy to follow steps. Much appreciated.

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couponperson

1 year ago

Perfect for us beginners! I was so frustrated until I tried your instructions. Thanks to you, I'm now in the process of crocheting a granny square blanket. Thank you so much for "thinking like a beginner" so I could understand.

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SandeeA2

1 year ago

Im having a horrible time learning the granny square!

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AusgezeichnetSandeeA2

Reply 1 year ago

Try first single crocheting and gradually work your way up!

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SandeeA2

1 year ago

Im just learning myself !

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ToniL22

2 years ago

I've been trying to teach myself to crochet, and this is the BEST tutorial!
I MADE MY FIRST SQUARE!
thankyou so much for taking the time to explain each step so simply and clearly, and for not including 20 minutes worth of useless information before and after each step. You should seriously think about starting some "how to make a tutorial" workshops!

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tabiano

2 years ago

Thanks so much for the GREAT instructions! I'll look forward to whatever else you choose to explain. This made learning the granny square a snap!

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anner1

2 years ago

Phew! Thanks! It's nice to learn how to do the basic building block of any blanket project.

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snookes

2 years ago

I've been crocheting for more years than I want to disclose:) My grandmother taught me as a child the basic stitches. I've recently picked up my hooks again in an attempt to make a sunflower granny square. I've read and watched so many books and tutorials that I was way too confused and gave up. I watched your video and read the instructions. You're a crocheting master! The instructions were clear and concise. Your voice is very soothing too! THANK YOU for sharing your talent!

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EmmaR18

3 years ago

Does the hook size matter? I prefer to use a J hook but I'm afraid it may be to big.

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AlejandraP2

3 years ago on Introduction

Thanks, found this really helpful. I find it easier to follow written instructions and photos than vídeos. Thanks again!!

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ravenwing999

3 years ago on Introduction

Thank you SO much!! I am a knitter who could never figure out crochet. I have spent the last couple of days making a couple of granny squares, pulling them out and beginning again after looking at instructions...not yours, but in ebooks. While I learned each stitch, instructions for the granny stitch were not quite complete enough. For instance you showed which hole to use, you pointed out when to chain specific amounts and why. With other's instructions I kept getting only three shells. I knew it wasn't right, but kept going. Got some funny looking ones!

Perhaps this is why so many of us have had trouble with crochet. Anyway, I appreciate your help and the time it took to make your instructable.

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SandyD2

3 years ago on Introduction

thank you so much. my friend showed me this pattern a few years ago, but I had lost the pattern and lost touch with my friend. JUST like the one she showed me a few years ago !!

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flabbatank

3 years ago

I've completed a 17by 17 granny square ,but it's a bit rippled :( .What would be the best method to make the square flat and even . Thanxs

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grafarena

3 years ago on Step 2

I think you forgot that you have to slip stitch 3 stitches to get to the first opening in round 2 before the 3 chains.

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lizzie47

3 years ago

Excellent video ~ many thanks !