How to Fix Your Stereo Amplifier (Harman Kardon HK 620)

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About: Eric J. Wilhelm is the founder of Instructables. He has a Ph.D. from MIT in Mechanical Engineering. Eric believes in making technology accessible through understanding, and strives to inspire others to lear...

Intro: How to Fix Your Stereo Amplifier (Harman Kardon HK 620)

My stereo amplifier quit amplifying over the weekend. The LEDs still lit up, and it would still pass audio through the "tape out," but nothing went to the speakers. So, I decided to take it apart and see what I could find...

Step 1: Open It Up

Pull the cover off, and expect to find something obviously wrong.

When there's nothing obviously wrong, make disapproving noises and have your house-mate phone his brother to see if the brother still has an extra amplifier. When it turns out he doesn't, carry on to step 2.

Step 2: Vacuum Out All the Dust

I've had this amp since at least 1996 and it's never been opened, so that's plenty of time to accumulate some serious dust.

Vacuum out all the innards. Wire it back up and be amazed that all the channels now work.

Step 3: Reassemble

Put the cover back on and reconnect everything. Expect another 10 years of service before next cleaning.

Update: It has stopped working again twice since I originally wrote this, and both times vacuuming it out has fixed it.
Jan. 2008 - vacuumed, fixed again.
Feb. 2009 - vacuumed, didn't fix, vacuumed more vigorously and it fixed
Feb. 2009 - a week later it stopped working, and I vacuumed it gingerly, which fixed it.

There's no visible dust inside the amp. I don't think it's a loose wire because "pretend" vacuuming (or shaking for that matter) has no effect.

I posted a question about why this work here:
My integrated stereo amplifier periodically stops working. Why does vacuuming it out fix it?

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    23 Discussions

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    Bechtel82

    2 years ago

    I have the same amp. Stopped working a few years ago. Never though of vacuuming it. Will try this weekend!!

    Will be sweet if it works!

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    ariejan

    2 years ago

    1) Vaccuum your equipment can cause damage due to ESD from the vaccuum cleaner! Use canned air or a compressor!

    2) If vaccuuming 'fixes' your amp, there are other issues with it (probably loose solder contacts) that need to be fixed.

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    Brennn10

    11 years ago on Introduction

    Same thing happens with my sister's digital camera. Dust accumulates and nothing ever works. I will definitely remember this for any problems I encounter with electronics. My, those are HUGE capacitors. -Brennn10

    4 replies
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    486dx4Aeshir

    Reply 9 years ago on Introduction

    meh those are nothing, i picked up a couple of 500vdc 1200uf caps for my coilgun project and their almost the size of pop cans, and ive seen much bigger than them.

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    Callum Snowden486dx4

    Reply 7 years ago on Introduction

    I've seen capacitors rated at 2vdc and 3000F!!!!!!! they are used in the industry like in trains?!

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    KiiBrennn10

    Reply 11 years ago on Introduction

    Those look like power filter caps. You really do not want to mess around with them.

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    Alesana

    8 years ago on Introduction

    Hi , my pioneer amplifier A-443 works fine but the treble and the bass not working. And also a tick sound from inside always 10 or 15 second before another tick sound. I love to put some bass on songs but only the volume control the sound. Can you help me please.

    Thanks
    Alesana 

    1 reply
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    Callum SnowdenAlesana

    Reply 7 years ago on Introduction

    My dad used to work for pioneer but then they went out of business in the UK so possibly could have asked him to have a look at any datasheets for it and common problems ;)

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    newtchewy33

    11 years ago on Introduction

    i tried it on my hk 870 but it didnt work so i put a comp fan in it and now it works... but that worked in my pre amp though so thanx.

    2 replies
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    Punkguytanewtchewy33

    Reply 9 years ago on Introduction

    Oooo HOW did you do that?? I want to mod a case fan into both of my stereos (a sony and a kenwood)

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    newtchewy33Punkguyta

    Reply 8 years ago on Introduction

    i just found a space large enough to place the fan so that it blows across inside and wired it to an external power supply.

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    radium1962

    8 years ago on Step 3

    I know this is a joke, but come on, don't waste our time. This is a site for learning. If I want cheeky humour I'd go watch The Colbert Report.

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    blahblah01

    8 years ago on Step 2

    i dont mean to sound, well, mean, but i dont really find this of much help, because what if dust isnt the problem for other people?

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    jolshefsky

    9 years ago on Introduction

    Could you try the following two options: 1. Open amp and put it back together. See if that works. It may be time (i.e. overheating components somewhere, or some other problem.) 2. Rather than vacuuming, flex the circuit board and components gently: things you might bump with the vacuum. If this works, it might be a cold solder joint or a broken trace or solder joint. Try heating and reflowing suspiciously dirty joints and see if that makes the problem go away for a much longer time. Good luck.

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    daveanton

    10 years ago on Introduction

    did i miss something? Somewhere between STEP 1 & STEP 2 you: A) wired a different Amplifier in from said Brother B) did nothing And if you DID wire another AMP, wouldn't THAT be the very DEFINITION of INSTRUCTABLE? Or was this a VACUUM OUT THE RECIEVER INSTRUCTABLE? please 'splain Lucy.

    3 replies
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    ewilhelmdaveanton

    Reply 10 years ago on Introduction

    I have clarified in the Instructable. I vacuumed out the amp and it started working again. In fact, the amp stopped working again about a month ago, I vacuumed it again, and again, got it working.

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    n0ukfewilhelm

    Reply 10 years ago on Introduction

    I doubt it collected enough dust in that short time to be the cause of not working. More likely, you have a loose connection somewhere that was bumped when vacuuming. Or your outputs (transistors or integrated amp modules) are going bad and can't handle the heat of normal operation any more.

    And you missed a step, wipe the dust off the outer cover.

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    486dx4n0ukf

    Reply 9 years ago on Introduction

    i agree, but the dust could also have origionally caused overheating, i have an sterio amp i use for my guitar, probly built around 85, when i crank it up it starts to smell a bit kuz the dust burns, ive been meaning to take a can of air to it for a while now.