A Leyden Jar is a HIGH VOLTAGE capacitor that can "capture lightning in a bottle", a salt water leyden jar is a simpler version that is significantly less dangerous. and takes much less time to make. The water leyden jar is easier to make than a normal leyden jar because putting foil perfectly on the inside of a container can be very difficult. A leyden jar is simply two conductors separated by an insulator. Charging one side, then touching the two conductors together creates a discharge of static electricity which makes a spark appear
Disclaimer: The leyden jar is a high voltage capacitor, high voltage capacitors are one of the most dangerous things you could ever use in electronics. A large charged leyden jar is potentially lethal if you touch its live terminals, and a small charged leyden jar can cause injury and it still be lethal in some ways. So, I am not responsible what ever you do with this information and leyden jars.
Step 1: Step 1
- Hot Glue
- Hot Glue Gun
- Aluminum Foil
- Electrical Tape
- Paper Clip
- Piece of a Coat Hanger
Step 2: Step 2
Grab your container!
Step 3: Step 3
Fill 1/2 to 2/3 full with water!
Step 4: Step 4
Add a lot of salt!
Step 5: Step 5
Stir until completely soluble!
Step 6: Step 6
Poke hold into container lid and strip coating off of the hanger. Then hook the bottom of the coat hanger piece!
Step 7: Step 7
Poke hanger through hole so the hook will be enclosed inside the container.
Step 8: Step 8
Put a paper clip on the hook so that the clip will be submerged in the water/ salt solution. Make sure the paper clip is not touching to bottom once it is closed.
Step 9: Step 9
Ball up aluminum foil and stick it on the top of the coat hanger. Hot glue the coat hanger to the lid so it stays in place.
Step 10: Step 10
Hot glue the aluminum foil ball to the coat hanger.
Step 11: Step 11
wrap the container in aluminum foil, tape on with electrical tape. Make sure the aluminum foil isn't covering/ touching the bottom on the container.
Step 12: Step 12
Strip wire and place electrical tape over the stripped part, then tape directly onto the aluminum foil.
Step 13: Step 13
To charge the Leyden Jar, use pvc piping and fur to create a charge on the piping.
Step 14: Step 14
Rub piping on the aluminum foil ball. Do this 3-4 time to make sure it has a good charge!
Step 15: Step 15
To test if it is working. Bring the other end, that is not attached to the container, close to the jar. You should see a spark once it gets really close.
Step 16: Step 16
Recharge the Leyden Jar. Grab the end of the wire with your thumb and pointer finger, then with your middle finger on the same hand, touch the aluminum foil. You should get a small shock!