This is a neat little mnemonics system I have been using since about 1995. The technique is not listed on Wikipedia under their "mnemonics" entry, so therefore I would like to share it with the world via the godsend that is "Instructables."
With this tool I am about to teach you, with a tiny bit of work, you will forever be able to memorize everything from debit card PINs to friends and relatives phone numbers and even your student I.D. number, employer I.D. number, or social security number. All this from one tiny little system that you can master in about 30 minutes or less. If you utilize it regularly for only a short period of time it will become like second nature to you and you can consider it a permanent mod to your brain housing group until the day you die, or go insane, whichever comes first. But go insane you may, because you just may find yourself memorizing the strangest things once you learn this, like the phone number of the taxi service you used 2 years ago on that two-day business trip to Tampa, or that phone number from that billboard you saw 6 months ago that you promised yourself you would call... or the 22-digit card number from the last "Phone-Home to Mexico" phone card you had to buy at the liquor store...
I did not make this system up, my old platoon sergeant in the Marines made everyone learn this so we could memorize eight/six-digit grid coordinates, and I don't know where he got it but i still use it all the time...
Step 1: Learn the Basic "sound-number" System
The system is simple.
There are only TEN basic consonant sounds in the english language, when grouped by the position of the mouth when saying them.
And, coincidentally enough, there are only ten basic digits that make up any number in our current arabic number system. (1-9 and 0)
(And, in order to make full use of this system, I am also going to add a bonus step at the end of this instructable that will cement in your brain these corresponding consonant sounds with their numbers...)
Without further ado, here is the system:
Number = Consonant sounds (letters) = Position of Mouth (Just to further understand the correlations)
1 = duh, tuh (d, t) = open, with tongue against the back of the front teeth
2 = nuh (n) = open, with tongue against the roof of the mouth
3 = muh (m) = lips closed
4 = ruh (r) = open, with tongue not touching anything
5 = luh (l) = open, with only the tip of the tongue against the roof
6 = chuh, shuh, juh (ch, sh, j) = lips pursed, with tongue obstructing airflow at the top
7 = guh, kuh (g, k) = open, with back of the tongue covering top of the throat
8 = fuh, vuh (f, v) = front top teeth against lower lip
9 = buh, puh (b, p) = lips closed, with puff of air
0 = suh, zuh (s, z) = open, tip of tongue grazing the roof of the mouth
To further help you memorize which numbers go with which sounds, here is a list of "peg" words that work extremely well with this system ( I will talk more about these "peg" words in the bonus step):
notice every number correlates with a word that has only one CONSONANT sound, with the exception of the number ten, which has two digits and corresponds to a word that has two consonant sounds...
Step 2: Practical App: Translate Any Number Into String of Consonant Sounds
For the purpose of this instructable, we are now going to translate a number into a string of consonant sounds.
Lets say you have to memorize a 4 digit PIN number that happens to be 0014. How are you going to reliably remember it, when you have a sea of other more meaning full numbers bouncing around in your brain?
Easy, translate it to the corresponding consonant sounds from the previous step. In this case, here is what you get:
0 = (s, z)
0 = (s, z)
1 = (t, d)
4 = (r)
Now, when you have digits like 0, 1, 6, 7, 8, and 9 where you get two choices of consonant sounds, don't panic, that is a good thing. Since they are similar sounds, you get to pick which one to use.
At this point, your goal is to come up with a meaningful word, expression or sentance out of the consonant sounds so you can easily memorize the word instead of the meaningless digits.
For this example, you just start sounding things out until you find one you like, using the consonant sounds and any combination of vowel sounds to go between them:
suh suh tuh ruh is extremely close to "sister" so lets use that. If you examine the word "sister" as consonant sounds you get this: ("His Star" also works)
s = 0
i = vowel so no number is represented
s = 0
t = 1
e = vowel so no number is represented
r = 4
So what does the word "sister" ALWAYS equal in this system? The number 0014!
Here is another example, just less "expanded."
Lets say you have to remember a phone number: 404-411-6720 (yes, it is a fictitious number)
lets break it down into consonant sounds first:
4 = r
0 = s/z
4 = r
4 = r
1 = t/d
1 = t/d
6 = ch/sh/j
7 = k/g
2 = n
0 = s/z
well, after sounding out this example, I came up with the somewhat nonsensical phrase:
"Ours are rated chickens." Or you could use "Razor-rided shock news" or "our sour, rotted chug nose."
Of the above, I would probably go with "Our sour, rotted chickens" because it makes a little sense. But, the point is, you can much more easily remember the phrase "our sour, rotted chickens" than you can 404-411-6720.
Plus, this is a good time to mention, half of memorizing something is actually putting in some mental effort into memorizing it. By making a word-game out of it, you may actually forget the phrase "our sour rotted chickens" but you may remember the sounds you had to juggle to come up with it, and thus, the number.
Also, this is a good place to point out, that if you have a lone consonant sound that can't really get linked to easily with others, you can make it into a freestanding word by putting a vowel sound in front and/or one in back. Like: 1 can equal the word "itty" or "auto" or "ad" or "ate" or "oat" etc.
And a note about the number 6, the sounds that this can represent are also the "dge" sound like at the beginning and end of "judge" and the end of "dodge" as well as the "tch" sound like in "itch" or "hatch," and the "jhew" sound like in "rouge" and "luge."
Step 3: Bonus Thoughts #1 - Memory Aids
Thats the system in a nutshell. Here is some bonus material to help you remember which families of consonant sounds (and which peg words) go with which number:
1 = "tie" = picture an image of a necktie... it kinda looks like the number one hanging up and down
2 = "noah" = picture the two legs of the letter "n", or picture the biblical noah storing 2 of each animal
3 = "ma" = picture the three legs of the letter "m"
4 = "rye" = picture the word "four" spelled out and the last letter is an "r,"
5 = "law" = picture the roman numeral for 50 is an "L"
6= "shoe" = this one you just have to remember
7 = "cow" = think of the letter K and how it has a verticle part and a backwards "7" in it
8 = "ivy" = think of the number 8 and how it is all curvy like vine growing on a house
9 = "bee" this one also you just have to remember
10 = "toes" think of how a "0" is pronounced "zero" and it starts with the "zuh" sound
Just for fun, here is a list of words and their corresponding numbers:
Mutton Chops (312690) Crazy Captain Michael (7407912375) Massive Shaolin Lip (30865259)
Incidentally, these are all odd numbers that I use frequently for different purposes, and I learned them all in about 5 minutes and will probably never forget them.
Also, since this whole system is based on consonant sounds, NEVER translate SILENT consonants. This will mess you up. Only translate consonants that are actually pronounced in the word.
For instance, the word "mnemonics" would be translated as the digits: 23270; "ptarmigan" would be: 14372; and "hymnal" would be: 325. "Butter" would be: 914.
Step 4: Bonus Thoughts #2: Practical Applications:
I have strange words written with sharpies on my lesser-used debit cards. These words like "sister," "umbrella," and "togatime" correspond to their PIN numbers.
Whenever I have to remember a fedex tracking number, I take about one minute and figure out the translated phrase and for the next week or so I can always remember the tracking number in case I am near an internet source but I don't have the email from my home computer with the tracking number. Very helpful.
Also, when starting a new job it seems like you always are bombarded with a deluge of numbers to memorize: login numbers, department codes, keypad code for the front door, new employee i.d. number, etc. etc. This is a very helpful way to impress the hell out of everyone when you are the first new guy that isn't having to ask everyone for the first month what these stupid little codes are.
So that's it. There is also another good memory device that works well with these number "peg" words, but I will save that for another instructable. Unless someone that sees this knows the system too and wants to pick up where I left off, in which case that would be great.
Thanks for reading this, and have a good one. Now GO MEMORIZE SOME NUMBERS!