How to Build a 3D-printed Robot Reindeer Toy




About: My girlfriend and I run a company called Deville's Workshop in Toronto, Canada. We build weird props for film and television and love this website - such a great resource for inspiration and discussion!

3D Printing! Mold-making! Digital Rendering! Apoxie Sculpt!!! Woodshoppery! For this project Tina and I decided to try to learn about 3D printing and I'll show you what we learned and how we ended up making the toy. We were asked to make two robot reindeer toys as props for a Christmas film; one is a retro, 1970s robot and the other is the updated sleek modern version. The legs and head have slight articulation and the nose has a red blinking LED.

Also; I'm entering this build in the 3D Printing Contest. If you like it please vote (up there in the top right corner) I would LOVE to win a 3D printer - holy smokes, how awesome would that be????!

Here are the materials that I remember using:

SLS 3D printing
Foam block
Wood (3/4 ply, 2x4)
5/8 threaded rod
Epoxy glue
Spray paints and primers
Smooth-on Mold Star 30
Red tint
Solid Works

The first step in the build was figuring out what it would look like. I scratched out some possible shapes and designs in my sketchbook and ran them by the production designer. As it turned out he was taken with one of the doodles and we went ahead with that design without changing it too much (mostly the antlers and the addition of a rocket jet pack on it's back). I hired a 3D renderer (Brad Rothwell, who has submitted some great stuff here on Instructables) to make a Solid Works rendering that I could submit to the printers.

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Step 1: Building the Legs and Substructure of the Torso

OK, so here's the deal. 3D printing is an amazing new field but it still has some hurdles to overcome before it is appropriate for a job like this one. When I first emailed the design around to the local 3D printing shops in my city I was getting really amazing quotes like "it will cost a few hundred dollars and take 24 hours to turn around". Amazing! But.... not at all accurate. After hiring Brad to render the drawing into 3D CAD stl files I found out that the build would actually cost between $4-7 THOUSAND and that just the 6" front leg would take up to 10 hours to complete. All this information came a little late in the build and left Tina and I with about two days to figure out an alternate way to complete it.

After a lot of growling and mumbling by me we ended getting just the head done, using a 3D process called SLS from a company called Anubis. I have to say, I was really happy with the results. While still considerably cost-prohibitive for projects that could be done by hand with sculpting (the bill for the head was just under $600), the result was actually really great. I'll get back to this in a bit.

We printed the wire frame of the sketch at the size and I glued pieces onto 5/8 ply, cut them out with a scroll saw. Tina cut out the padded armor pieces from mdf and glued them onto the legs.

The torso was a shaped piece of 2x4 (we needed this to plug the legs and neck into later). Tina glued foam onto the 2x4 and shaped it by comparing it to the printout.

Step 2: Apoxie Sculpt! Amazing Stuff!

We sculpted the armature for the legs and torso out of wood and foam, then we got to Apoxie Sculpt. If you're reading this then you are likely someone who is interested in building weird little things too. YOU HAVE TO GO PLAY WITH APOXIE SCULPT!!!! It's awesome -  it gives you a few hours working time and doesn't have that horrible chemical smell or the pore-embedding qualities of plumber's epoxy. When it cures you can sand it and cut it and shape it but it's hard as concrete. Love it!

Anyway, we covered the legs and torso in it and then Tina went to town shaping it (she's much better than I am at sculpting). She just kept comparing the piece to the printout, then to the opposite leg, and just kept working at it until they looked manufactured. I was quite impressed, if I may say so.

We joked that the torso looked like a cooked concrete chicken. Eventually that's all I could see, a chicken torso.

Step 3: Molding the Nose, Painting the Legs.

The nose had to blink and the 3D-printed one was an opaque white piece. I sanded it, glued a stick onto the back and then poured a mold of silicone around it. I used a clear resin with red tint mixed in and after it set I cut off the extra bit. I drilled a hole in the back for the LED to sit in. Tina soldered a resistor and battery pack onto it and I apoxied it into the head. There's a button under the jaw to switch the light on.

I hit the legs up with a light coat of primer, gave them a smooth sanding and then a considerably thicker coat of glass brown. The trick now is to let them sit for almost two days without touching them (fingerprints!!!).

Step 4: Finishing

Something I learned about Apoxie Scult - you CAN use water (a damp finger) to help shape but DON'T soak the material in water or it loses it's strength. Some of the parts I sculpted with too much water involved crumbled with a bit of pressure and Tina had to go back, cut them out and refill them (hard to do under a tight deadline because it just adds hours to the cure time).

I glued the 9V battery pack to the inside of the head. I had forgotten to request a lip along the seam and structural gussets inside the head rendering so the piece, which is only about 1 mm thick, was tough but pretty wobbly/flimsy. I ended up sculpting a lip to be able to glue the jaw and upper head together. I also made a 'brain' out of three pieces of layered plywood. This gave me something to drill the neck into and added some rigidity to the skull.

Step 5: Finished!!

And that's it! If you have any questions or would like clarification on any of the processes please leave a comment!



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    14 Discussions

    Amazing job! Just watched the movie and thought it was so cute I would see if it was a real toy. Wish it was my son would love it. No way could I ever make anything like it you guys are awesome. Some toy company should get with you I bet this would sell really well. Love it!

    le jay

    6 years ago on Step 4

    I didn't quite understand what the final piece is made of.
    Is it actually a epoxy resin type plastic? As it looks hollow or high finish plywood?

    It looks fantastic, great work and great paint!!!

    2 replies
    damianzuchle jay

    Reply 6 years ago on Introduction

    Oh, it's a mix. The head, antlers and ears are 3D printed, the nose was cast and the body and legs are Apoxie Sculpt covering plywood and foam. We sanded all the parts back to a smooth finish and hit them with regular old Tremclad spray paint.

    damianzuchle jay

    Reply 6 years ago on Introduction

    Oh, it's a mix. The head, antlers and ears are 3D printed, the nose was cast and the body and legs are Apoxie Sculpt covering plywood and foam. We sanded all the parts back to a smooth finish and hit them with regular old Tremclad spray paint.

    Deceiving title, and i know for a fact you can make this for a few bucks or less material cost wise, at most 40ish bucks if you get it printed at a reputable company.
    - Giving something gears and a led doesnt make it a robot
    - Theres no 3d printing, other then a story about how people tried to, well, people you.

    If you would have designed it as hollow parts, im sure you could have gotten it printed cheap, if you'd be cool with some extra work, you could get somebody's diy home printer to print it, then use acetone fumes to give it a nice reflective smooth surface.

    Just saying, its still a nice build, but i expected something totally different when i clicked on the thumbnail/link in my email

    1 reply

    Hey suicidal banana; why, that's just bananas. This is just a toy robot; it's also a film prop so it just LOOKS like a robot (when you see, for example, a gun in a film it's also not real). I used Selective Laser Sintering 3D printing to make the hollow head, a process that cost me considerably more than $40. I'm sorry that this was totally different than what you were expecting but I assure you I wasn't out to deceive you.


    6 years ago on Introduction

    Very cool! You mention "coat of glass brown"... What product do you use to get that awesome surface?

    1 reply

    Reply 6 years ago on Introduction

    Ha - a coat of GLOSS brown is how that should have read. It's just a Tremclad gloss on top of a primer. Just sand between coats with gradations of super fine grits.


    6 years ago on Introduction

    this is rad. what kind of foam did you use? where do you get it? can I order it online?


    6 years ago on Introduction

    Very nice project. Are you willing to share the 3d files? I do not own a 3d printer but I do own a 48x96 cnc router. It would take me some time to get things setup but I could cut each part out of wood using cut3d.

    1 reply

    Reply 6 years ago on Introduction

    Hmmm.... I'm actually not really legally allowed to even show the prop online (the design is now owned by the production company) but I got a little excited and did it anyway. I will make the stl files available if I get permission from the production company (I would love to see other people make this robot, I hope they are ok with that!!!!)