How to Find the Primary and the Secondary Coils of a FlyBack Transformer


Introduction: How to Find the Primary and the Secondary Coils of a FlyBack Transformer

The main problem, in most cases, is that you don't know the pinout diagram of a flyback transformer. So, I shall try to give you a simple method to find the primary coil input pins and also the 0 V output pin of the HV secondary coil.

-=I do not take full credit for this=-

Step 1: How to Find the 0 V Pin Connection of the Secundary Coil?

With a common digital ohmeter it is impossible to find the secondary coil pinout because its resistance is much too high. The main HV output is simple to find : this is the big red cable with the suction cup, but you need to find the 0 V pin of the secondary coil on the flyback transformer. So, I give you a simple method to find this 0v pin :

a) You need a 24 V DC power supply and a digital voltmeter set in 20 V range. Connect the + input of your voltmeter to the THT ouput plug ( in the suction cup ) and the (-) to the 0V of your power supply. Then, with the +24V output from your power supply, test each pin of your flyback transformer. When you measure a voltage between 5 and 10 V you have found the 0 V pin of your secondary coil. This is very simple... Look at the diagram and the photo below :

Step 2: How to Find the Pins Location of the Primary Coil?

With a simple ohmeter this is very simple, you will find easily the primary inputs because the coil resistance is about 1 ohm 

Step 3: How to Find the Polarity of the Primary Coil?

The purpose is to find the polarity of your primary coil. You need a simple 9 V battery. Connect a digital voltmeter set in 100 V range between the main THT output and the 0 V pin of the secondary that you have indentified in test #1. With the 9 V battery send a short pulse on the primary input, measure the spike of the voltage, then reverse the polarity of your 9 V battery. When you get the max voltage ( about a 30 V spike ) you have found the correct polarity of your primary coil. The (+) is the pin number 2 and the (-) is the pin number 1 in the main diagram.



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    26 Discussions

    using a fluorescent ballast as a driver into the primary puts out some serious voltage. i would suggest submerging the whole thing in mineral oil so as to prevent any shorts before using it to create any really high voltage (10k - 50k volts)

    you can even use a driver from a CFL. plenty of videos out there on youtube and such about it.

    thanks for the late reply but i've learnt much more in the past six years. thanks anyway

    so i know what the main THT out put is but i have 3 other wires hanging about what are they 4

    1 reply

    probably primary in and a ground. primary in is usually red and white ground is green or grey. i'm just going off the flybacks i salvaged from old crt monitors though.

    I am replacing the volt meter with led and also woks, led is on even only a small light ( I use red one for easy to look at)

    i tried to find primary and secondary for 4 different flybacks . First of all there are many combinations of pins which have resistance of around 1 ohm and for the secondary i got at most 0.6 volts with 18 volts supply.

    @ dudes, that's a good question, and if you could use both, could each one be "tuned" to different frequency so that a harmonic resonance is reached, causing the flyback, with the HV return pin earth grounded, to become an actual "Tesla coil"?
    the possibilities intrigue me, lol.

    The fly back transformer I have came from a 19” TV. I followed the instructions and found the 0 V pin and tested for the 2 primary pins. I got very low reading using a 9 volt battery. I happened to have a 9 volt A/C adaptor but the output was 9 volt A/C so I used that to find the primary coil pins. The thing is I found 2 sets of 2 pins that give me 35.5 and 34.7 volts output. Pines 9 and 10 also pins 10 and 1 give almost the same output. Which 2 should I use? This reading is on the A/C scale on my VOM. Using a 9 volt battery I was only able to get 3 to 4 volt reading.

    Thanks for any help.

    2 replies

    i could not find the primary and secondary pins/.........

    I'm trying to find the pins to the primary coil. I bought a new flyback a couple of weeks ago. My flyback has 10 pins. I got these results:

    Pins ..... Resistance
    1 + 5 .... 2 ohms
    1 + 9 .... 1.8 ohms
    5 + 9 .... 0.9 ohms

    2 + 8 .... 0.9 ohms

    3 + 4 .... 0.8 ohms
    3 + 6 .... 0.8 ohms
    4 + 6 .... 0.6 ohms
    All the other combinations (i.e; pins 1 + 3) produced no resistance, so that means that pins 1 + 3 are not connected. Conversely, this means that pins 1+5+9 are connected; pins 2+8 are connected; pins 3+4+6 are connected; and pin 7 and pin 10 are not connected to any other pins.

    The first problem is that many of these gave me a resistance close to 1 ohm, so I still don't know which pins to use for the primary coil.
    The second problem is that a flyback should have two sets of connected pins; pins that connect to the primary coil, and pins the connect to the secondary coil. However, I seem to have 3 sets of connected pins (or five sets, depending on how you count). Does this mean something is disconnected inside my flyback?

    I didn't know what to do, so I just went ahead and connected it to the CFL circuit. I tried pins 5+9, 2+8, and 3+4 as the pins to the primary coil, along with every combination of the 4 pins on the CFL circuit, but did not get a single arc for any of them. Does this mean that my brand-new flyback is bad?

    1 reply

    it might be bad double check with each set of pins and if it still does not work buy another flyback and see if it works