How to Make a Bottle Building




Hi Everyone this is my first instructable. Please be gentle.

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We have built two bottle buildings.



One is a small storage building made with a variety of different bottles. The other is a larger building made primarily of wine bottles, with design accents made of old ashtrays, glass floats, candy dishes, glass blocks and Japanese floats, this building was originally built as a small concert space that will seat 50 people plus a small stage. We have also hosted art shows in the space.

This instructable will focus on the building of the walls of bottles. You will be able to incorporate bottles into your own structures or make garden walls with bottles. I will post other instructables that will take you through the building process from start to finish.

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Step 1: Materials




Materials needed:


Bottles, lots of bottles, in assorted shapes and colors if you would like.


Optional: Heavy weight glass candy dishes and ashtrays, glass block, Japanese floats and other interesting found glass objects.


Type S mortar mix.


Ivory dish detergent


Wood posts, sizes vary depending on your project I used 6X 8 treated posts.


Roofing felt.


Bolts to connect the treated post size depends on the size of your posts.




Rubber gloves

Lots of sponges



Tools needed:


A mixing bucket or wheelbarrow to mix mortar.


A hoe or shovel for mixing mortar


Medium sized trowels (one for each person laying bottles)


Staple gun.


A level (standard or a string level)







Step 2: Find Bottles!



This step is not as easy as it as it sounds. We don't drink so we didn't have a lot of empties sitting around. We asked all the bars and restaurants in our town plus some in neighboring towns to save their bottles for us. We ended up with 25-30 cases of bottles a week. and that just wasn't enough. The large building has approximately 10,000 bottles!


After several months of collecting bottles we were a long way from our goal. We ended up going to Oregon to get wine bottles. Oregon was the first state in the country to pass a bottle recycling bill back in 1971. But 12 years ago when we started this project most used bottles from wineries were going to the landfill. We rented a BIG truck and went to Oregon after the annual May winery open houses. We had called ahead and arranged to pick up thousands of bottles.


When we got to the wineries, they either forgot to save them or they threw them in dumpsters where many were broken. It was a terrible trip, we ended up getting lost because a bridge was closed and we pulled over for directions and the guy we asked owned a winery. He gave us directions to his loading dock and his crew used forklifts to load our truck to the roof with used wine bottles. Yahoo!!!


If you rent a truck for bottles, be sure to check the maximum load weight. Bottles are heavy! You may end up stopping every 5-10 miles to put more air in the tires. ; )


When you are choosing bottles, you may want to consider the relative strength of the bottles. Wine bottles are thicker than most liquor bottles. Beer and soda bottles fall somewhere between wine and liquor bottles.


We have not had problems with the bottle strength during the 10+ years these buildings have been up.


If you are going to try to get a building permit for your structure, I would recommend wine bottles to meet building codes. I believe our large bottle building was the first one in the US with a building permit.



Step 3: Clean Bottles

Oh Boy! This is fun! The easiest way to do this is to soak the bottles in water. in large plastic boxes or buckets adding a little bit of chlorine to the water helps prevent mosquito larva and scum. It seems to help the labels slide off the bottles.

This step is mandatory. Do not even think about leaving labels on the bottles. Many years ago a woman built a house in Nevada out of bottles and she did not remove the labels when summer came the mortar contracted and the labels stayed with the mortar and her house ended up looking like Swiss cheese. It had to be destroyed.

Step 4: Sort Bottles and Glass

After you clean your bottles, they need to be sorted by size and color. This will give you a palette for your wall design.

Step 5: Framing the Walls




This instructable is focusing on the bottle walls which are great for yards gardens and gazebos.


The large structure has a 5 inch foundation with 20 inch footers. Which exceeds the state and county building codes in my area. The small building has concrete footings and a dirt floor.


There is lots of information online on diy foundations and footings i.e.




Sink your posts into the footings or into ground if you are doing a garden wall without footers. I would not recommend skipping the footers except on low garden walls.




Use the level to make sure your posts are straight and level.

You can use post brackets to put the posts up. We used the brackets in the large building, but we sunk the post directly in the concrete in the small building. I plan to stick with the brackets for my next bottle building.


The beams can be laid across the posts and hammer them in with large nails. Or you can use post and beam brackets, L brackets or large bolts to attach the beams.


We nail the beams down to the posts in the large building then reinforce them with roof brackets.


I can add drawings if anyone needs them.





I will post instructables that cover the foundation later.



Step 6: Plan Your Wall Design

You can build your walls with a single  type and color bottle. But why? Glass makes a great medium. You can rough out designs on paper or in sketchbook.

We did not plan out designs on our small building but the large building has a different design on each of the twelve walls.

Most of the forty other bottle buildings I have seen have the tops facing in. But, we chose not to do that because we wanted to hear the bottles whistle in the wind, they do. Also we had concerns about dust and creepy crawlies inside the bottles.

Step 7: Build the Walls

Mix the mortar according to the package instructions and add a ¼ cup of Ivory dish detergent and 1 cup of lime to the mix.  The texture of the mortar should be about the same as organic peanut butter.




Tack a level string up between the posts at the height of a bottle on it’s side  plus ½”.

There will be a ½ “ gap between the bottles. So you need to figure out the spacing of the bottles, so that the bottles end up centered between the posts. If you have large gaps on the ends you can make the gap between the bottles a little bit wider. The gaps on the edges can be up to 2” wide if needed (but, smaller is better).

The first layer of mortar should be about ¾ “ thick . Slather  some mortar on the side of a bottle place the bottle in the mortar and press bottle down firmly. Use the trowel to form  a curve for the next bottle. (see the sketchbook image)

The mortar should not go past the shoulder of the bottles. It will block out light. It also increases the cost of building significantly. The mortar on these buildings ended up at about 4 ½ -5” from the base of the bottle. The small building was started first as a test project and the mortar was 6” this was major overkill and wasted a lot of mortar.(see the sketchbook image)




After you have a couple of rows of bottles, stop and clean up your work use sponges and clear water to wipe down the bottle bottoms and leave a smooth surface on the mortar. It is easiest to do this with lots of sponges just use one for the initial wipe down then switch to a fresh clean sponge and wipe it down again, repeat until the bottles are clean. Clean off the tops of the bottles the same way. When you think the bottles are clean, wipe them down again. Seriously, do it or you will end up with mortar streaks on the glass. Be sure to wear rubber gloves while you clean the bottles.

Don’t lay more than four rows of bottles at a time. GIve the mortar some time to set between layers so that it does not sag.





Laying the bottles is actually very easy to do, we had people aged 5 to 80+ laying bottles in our buildings.

Keep going until you get to the beams. You are Done!








Step 8: Repairs

Okay, So now we have a building made out of glass bottles. They are going to break right? Well, Noooo, In the last eleven years we have experienced flooding, winter storms, minor earthquakes, vandals and a lightning strike in the large tree hanging over the buildings.


The roof did end up with some damage but not a single bottle broke.      

I did remove a bottle several years ago to replace it with a different color. I used a hammer to break the bottle and I chiseled the remaining glass out the I put a thin coat of silicone adhesive inside the hole and slid a new bottle in place and it worked great




Step 9: Missed a Step

I forgot to mention that we put a window in the building across from the double doors for cross ventilation. We found a window at the re-store. The installation was very simple. We built the wall three feet high and placed a window frame on the bottles and built around it.

Step 10: PLANS

Here are some of the drawings that were submitted for our building permits for the large bottle building. You are welcome to use them to build, but they are not to be sold. They are copyrighted. If you decide to build a bottle building. Please let me know, I would be happy to offer assistance.


The small building is less than 120 square feet in size, so, it did not require a permit or drawings. We actually ended up just constructing without plans. The small building was supposed to be our practice building but it ended up being somewhat harder to build because we were making it up as we went.

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    69 Discussions


    6 weeks ago

    I hope this thread is still active. I am planning on building a bottle structure. I wanted to use the "bottle brick" method where you cut the cut the bottles in half (4" each) and duct tape the two bottom ends together to make a 8" brick. My question is: wouldn't the duct tape cause the same problem as leaving the labels on?

    1 reply

    Reply 6 weeks ago

    I think it may cause the same problem.
    I would try using silicone to connect them.


    Question 1 year ago on Step 7

    If the bottles are left OPEN on the outside, does it get dirty, filled spider web, bugs, etc?


    Question 1 year ago on Step 10

    I am obsessed with building a bottle wall fence around my backyard. I want to backlight it with solar lights. Then, at night when the sun goes down, I want the backyard to come to life with the giant stained glass window.
    I have been collecting bottles and cleaning them for months. I have read everything I can get my hands on regarding this. My love of concrete projects has brought me to this project. I need help. I need to get my permits to start. I sae your blueprints. I want to build a 5-6 foot fence. This is the design I want to use.
    Any advice you could offer regarding the blue rints would be much appreciated. I have been cooking this up in my head for two years.


    1 year ago on Step 7

    Why type S mortar? Also, would concrete fiber help with cracks? I plan on replacing a window with a bottle window. Thank you for the great tutorial!


    Question 1 year ago on Step 7

    I'm planning on building a bottle window in my home but I'm concerned about the cement cracking. Did you use type S or type N mortar and did you get any cracks?
    Thank you.
    Your instructable is AMAZING!


    2 years ago


    What a wonderful tutorial! I am going to build a small bottle house/wall to house a composting toilet and shower for a yurt. Very excited that I came upon your posting.

    Cheers, Alison (Melbourne, Australia)


    3 years ago

    Hope someone can help. I have been collecting wine bottles from work friends for over a year hoping to show off a finished wine bottle wall next weekend at a planned party. I have attempted to build twice and both times the suggested mortar products have crumbled. Once over the cold VA winter and the second time after only a few weeks. I will try using the type S mortar you suggested although lowes and HD don't sell the exact same brand. Also can't find anyone to tell me where I can purchase the lime. Must construct this weekend and would prefer to make this my last attempt. Any suggestions on the bonding products? Thanks


    3 years ago

    How much was it total to complete the smaller building? How much mortar did you end up using?


    4 years ago

    Suggestions on how to work around cross beams in pole barn structures?

    Most larger pole barns/post and frame construction have some kind of diagonal cross bracing between wood beams/posts. I am trying to find a 30 wide x 40 long pole barn without post or modify it so that it is still structurally sound. I would like to first build a structurally sound post and beam building with roof and "fill in" with no load bearing bottle wall - discussed here: Will the glass bottles if tied into the post provide structure? or thought on how to modify pole barn so it does not have the cross-beams?


    4 years ago

    I'm currently in the process of constructing a wine bottle building here in Michigan. I've never built a building before and have lots of questions. Mostly about the foundation. Can I email you?

    1 reply

    6 years ago

    This is an awesome idea! I just have one question, do the bottles on the wall tend to hold water? We have a mosquito problem where I live and I would hate to give those little blood suckers another place to breed.

    5 replies

    Reply 6 years ago on Introduction

    These are in the pacific Northwest and despite all of our rain the bottles are dry inside. I think it is mainly because of the overhang. I am currently scouting a location for several bottle buildings in Mexico. Here It is very dry, but Dengue fever is rampant and we can not have mosquito condos. Also, the bottles also seem like a perfect place for scorpions to hide.

    My plan for this climate is to glue glass pieces to the bottles. We were considering it on these buildings to increase the insulation factor of the bottles.

    I will post a photo of the glass on the bottles later this weekend.


    Reply 6 years ago on Introduction

    Glass drops can be added to the bottles to keep stuff out. Just dip a bead in silicone and place it on the bottle opening. I would leave a tiny gap to allow for expansion/contraction. It would be easiest to apply the glass bead before the wall is built. the gap should face down when it is placed in the wall. This will also improve the insulation factor of the bottles.

    bottle top4.jpgbottle top5.jpgbottle top1.jpg

    5 years ago on Introduction

    I would like to know how well this would hold up to cold weather. I live in Montana and would like to build one of these as an art room/craft shed. I am not sure how to make the foundation. I also wanted to make one for a storage building for my gardening equipment. In the bigger building did you put in power if so how? I have all kinds of questions but right now these are my main ones so that I could try to get started. I would really appreciate any feed back you could give me.

    1 reply