How to Make and Can Applesauce - Canned Applesauce

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About: Eric J. Wilhelm is the founder of Instructables. He has a Ph.D. from MIT in Mechanical Engineering. Eric believes in making technology accessible through understanding, and strives to inspire others to lear...

A surprisingly easy way to deal with a surplus of tasty fruit.

Step 1:

Acquire a canning pot. They come with a wire rack for about $18, and for about another $5 you can get the tongs and funnel as well. Jars run about $6-9/dozen, depending on size. Fill the pot about 2/3 of the way up with water, and start heating- there's enough thermal mass that this will take a while.

Step 2:

Cook down chopped apples with water, lemon juice, honey, and spices to taste. Run the hot chunks through a food processer or food mill, and return to the pot to keep warm.

Step 3:

Meanwhile, prepare jars and lids: wash jars by hand or in the dishwasher, then place in a clean sink filled with extremely hot tap water until ready for use. Add clean rings and lids; do not run lids through the dishwasher.

Step 4:

Create a workspace on a clean towel next to the sink. Remove jar from the hot water and shake off excess. Add applesauce to pint jars using the funnel.

Step 5:

Leave about 1/2 inch headspace for expansion during cooking; this means the big ring on the base of the jar neck. (Useful, eh?)

Step 6:

Wipe threads and top of the jar with a clean paper towel to ensure a proper seal. Place a lid on top of the jar, and gently screw on the ring, leaving it loose enough that air can escape during boiling.

Step 7:

Place jars on the rack in the boiling water as you fill them.

Step 8:

Lower the full rack into the water, which should cover the jars by at least an inch or two. Cover, return to a boil, and begin counting for 20 minutes.

Step 9:

Use tongs and/or a spatula to retrieve rack handles from the boiling water, and raise the rack.

Step 10:

Remove jars with curved end of tongs, and place on another clean towel to cool and dry. Be sure to leave enough space between for air to circulate. Listen for pops as the lids vacuum-seal.

Step 11:

Label with date and contents, then store in a cool, dark place until apple season is over.

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    23 Discussions

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    kiltmark

    6 years ago on Introduction

    For information on canning ANYTHING, and all sorts of food preservation, go to http://nchfp.uga.edu/
    or to their applesauce page http://nchfp.uga.edu/how/can_02/applesauce.html. According to them, acidification is not necessary.

    1 reply
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    xinit

    13 years ago on Step 2

    The lemon juice isn't optional; about a teaspoon per pound of apples in order to boost the acidity to a safe level for hot water processing.

    2 replies
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    canidaxinit

    Reply 10 years ago on Introduction

    It depends on the acidity of your apples. - you're simply trying to go under pH 4.6 to avoid Clostridium.

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    dnsnthegrdnxinit

    Reply 10 years ago on Introduction

    Good to know, when I make applesuauce I just steam it still soft, mash it with a hand masher and add a dash of cinnamon. But I have never canned it. I always made it for my little man, when he was a baby. Now I'm going to make some for they families babes, so it will have to be canned. Could of made them sick I guess.

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    MrT

    12 years ago

    Hey, Great instructable. Thanks. I went on holiday recently and a girl I know suggested we do a similar thing you're doing but with a meat stew! I was a bit nervous about it but we tried it as her grandma swore by it. The jars sat in a hot car for 2 weeks and it was perfect when we came to eat it. What do you reckon, risky?

    2 replies
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    dnsnthegrdnMrT

    Reply 10 years ago on Introduction

    As long as they were canned properly with the right weight (pressure) and time period. It should be no different than having some cans of stew bought from the store. Were they hot enough from the heat of the car to eat straight from the car? That would be handy! :)

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    spinach_dipMrT

    Reply 12 years ago

    Risky unless you pressure canned. Hot water bath is not enough. The main nasty is botulinum, which as stated can't live in an acidic medium. Your stew however, would be a perfect medium. People have taken a spoonful of botulinum infected food, spit it out without swallowing, and still died. Pretty toxic stuff.

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    flio191

    10 years ago on Introduction

    looks great! i do a lot of rhubarb jam over here in chicago (well, its cause its one of the only real fruit we can grow here) ill have to try your recipe sometime

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    canida

    12 years ago

    Sorry for being so vague; I tend to do everything by eye and by taste after I've got a basic reference. Try the recipe below, but taste your apples first (and frequently during the process) and modify the recipe according to what you find. My favorite canning reference book is Stocking Up, third edition, by Carol Hupping. They recommend: 4lbs apples/pears 1c water 1c lemon juice (optional) 1/2c honey cinnamon, cloves, nutmeg to taste (optional) The lemon juice serves to lower the pH of the sauce, and it works with the honey to maintain color. Honey (or sugar) also helps with maintaining shape and flavor, and can give added depth to a somewhat flat-tasting fruit. High-acid foods are vulnerable only to heat-sensitive organisms, so boiling-water processing is sufficient. Clostridium botulinum can't live in an environment with a pH<4.6. Most fruits, pickled vegetables, and tomatoes fall well under this limit, but it never hurts to augment with lemon juice or vinegar when possible.

    2 replies
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    canidacanida

    Reply 12 years ago

    Sorry, I got cut off! Clostridium botulinum can't live in an environment with a pH lower than 4.6. While most fruits hit this number, it never hurts to augment your canning recipes with lemon juice or vinegar when it's easy to do so.

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    Labot2001

    10 years ago on Introduction

    Awesome Ible! +1 and Fav'd!

    Question:
    You said to add "water, lemon juice, honey, and spices"; about how much of each would you per X amount of applesauce?

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    Ferrite

    11 years ago

    I used to make apple sauce with my mom when I was about 5 years old. We even used to pick the apples, but we didn't can it. It was always gone soon after we made it.

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    Vendigroth

    11 years ago

    i've worked out that he has at least 3 hands

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    Punkguyta

    11 years ago

    If you're looking for a delicious apple sauce recipe, try adding an equal amount of pears to the apple sauce, brown sugar to taste and try a tbsp of mrs.dash. It's some of the best apple sauce you've ever tasted. But what ewilhelm is doing here is food storage not making "Grandma's raunch styled applesauce". But non the less I found this very clear and until now didn't really know how canning went on. Thanks.

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    new canner

    12 years ago

    i'm really trying to get into this canning thing, but i'm lacking info. i would like to make applesauce (canida, the recipe above was helpful by the way...). i heard about an oven canning method. the only information i was given is to put my applesauce in the jars while hot, apply the lids, then put in the oven at 275 degrees fahrenheit. can anyone confirm this and tell me the length of time i should leave them in the oven. also, does the location/height of rack in the oven matter? (treywaters - your tips were helpful as well.)

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    Fredini

    12 years ago

    My mom always added cinnamon red hot candies to applesauce (the small chewy hear shaped ones) - it gives it a nice pinkish color and adds a cinnamon flavor. I highly reccommend it!