Gobos are really useful things especially if you're working in a sub-par recording environment (ie. your living room). So what exactly is a Gobo?
Baffle - A physical object that absorbs or otherwise reduces the volume of sound which passes through it, or is reflected by it.
Gobo - see Baffle.
In other words, It absorbs or blocks sound. Those are the 2 main ways this effect can be achieved:
1. Absorbing the sound (converting it to heat via friction) - this is what foam, cloth, and other porous materials do.
2. Reflecting the sound (bouncing it back where it came from) - this is what concrete, and other non-porous materials do.
Here's a youtube video of the finished product:
Step 1: Gather Your Materials
note: Each step covers what to do for one gobo. You need to do the instructions from step 3 - 12 twice to complete both gobos.
- 16 feet of 2x12 lumber
- 12 feet of 2x4 lumber
- 2 - 2' x 2' pieces of 1/4" plywood
- 2 - handles (I used cabinet handles)
- Box of 2" wood screws
- Fiberglass insulation
- A cover for the absorptive side of the gobo
Step 2: Gather Your Tools
Tools you'll need:
- Circular Saw
- Drill (with a 3/32" bit; A screwdriver bit would also be useful)
- Measuring Tape
- T - Square
Step 3: Cut Your Pieces
- (2x) 2x2 1/4" plywood
- (2x) 2x2 pegboard
- (4x) 2' long 2x12
- (4x) 1' 9" long 2x12
- (4x) 2' long 2x4
- (4x) 8" long 2x4
Step 4: Mark Your 2x12's for Drilling
Mark the 2' long 2x12's, 2.5" from each end. These marks show you where to drill later on.
Step 5: Set Up a Box Prototype
Set up the 4 sides of the box on a flat surface and tape them together. The 2' long sides are shown on the left and right in the picture, and the 1'9" sides are shown on the top and bottom in the picture below.
Step 6: Drill and Screw!
Drill at the places you marked, and try to make sure that the you get the bit centered by the width of the 1'9" pieces. You should end up with 8 holes (2 on each corner). Put a screw in each hole.
The four pieces should make a perfect square with 90 degree corners. Use the T - Square to check this is the case as you go.
Step 7: Add the Reflective Side
Put the 2' x 2' piece of plywood over it (it should line up with the edges of the box you've built so far). I didn't need to drill holes before putting in these screws, but if you're worried about it, or using really fat/long screws, it may be a good idea.
Step 8: Remove Tape
Pull off the tape we put on in Step 5
Step 9: Attach the Handle
You want to center the handle so that it'll fit nice later on. The end goal is to have it fit between the feet of the gobo above it so that they can be stacked easily.
In this picture, the long 2x4's on either side of the center row (the one with the handle and the shorter 2x4's) represent the positions of the feet of another gobo. Don't attach these long pieces, they're just to help you understand.
Before you attach the handle mark where the holes need to be drilled by putting the handle on it's side. Drill from top to bottom through the marks you just made. Then it's a piece of cake to attach the handle using the screws that come with it (all the handles at Loews came with screws)
Step 10: Cut the Fiberglass
Cut the fiberglass insulation into 22" segments. If you used 15" wide RC-13 like me, you'll need six segments per gobo.
Cut 2 of the 6 segments in half (as pictured).
Step 11: Put the Fiberglass in the Gobo
Put the fiberglass segments in the gobo facing out (each layer facing out, though it doesn't matter a whole lot which way the individual pieces are facing).
Step 12: Attach the Absorptive Side's Cover
Attach your cover. I used pegboard because of it's flatter frequency response. You can use canvas if you'd like to tame those higher frequencies, or if you just want to block sound with minimal absorption just put plywood on this side as well.
One additional option is to skip the fiberglass and use Plexiglas instead of plywood for both sides. This makes a see through gobo, which is useful when you have several gobos and you want to stack them without breaking the musician's eye contact.
note: there is no insulation in the picture. This is just because I'm dumb and took the picture at the wrong time ;). Don't take the fiberglass back out of the box.
Step 13: Attach the Feet
The feet are necessary to make the gobo's stackable. Again, I didn't need to drill before putting in these screws. However I did need to put the screw in, take it out halfway, and put it in again (to get a tighter fit).
Whatever you do, just make sure you put the screws in far enough that they're somewhat inset into the 2x4. You don't want the screw sticking out, or else it'll be wobbly and also scratch wood and tile floors.
Keep in mind that these need to be all the way to the edges, because the handle and alignment 2x4's need to fit in between them.
Step 14: Attach the Alignment 2x4's
Sorry to use the same picture twice, but this one is the best shot to illustrate the point. You want to attach these alignment 2x4's so that they're in line with the handle with space for the feet of the next gobo, which would be on top of it.
Step 15: Admire Your Handiwork!
Good job, now you have 2 gobo's which are stackable. Now you can make as many as you want and build a giant wall of gobos!