The goldfish bowl is an outdated fish torture device. Learn how to care for these fish properly.
Step 1: Tank Size
For (long bodied) common/comet/shubunkin goldfish you will need 200 litres (50 gallons) for the first one and 80 litres (20 gallons) for each additional.
For fancy goldfish (fantails,pearlscale,celestial etc) you should have 80 litres (20 gallons) for the first one and 40 litres (10 gallons) for each additional.
Long bodied goldfish and celestials should be kept in a species only tank.
Step 2: Filteration
Like all fish goldfish need filtration.
You should buy a filter capable of filtering the tank water 10 times an hour.
So buy the most powerful filter you can afford.
You will also need to cycle the aquarium
This can take up to 4 weeks.
Step 3: Feeding
A goldfish has a stomach about the size of its eye.
I would feed a small goldfish the amount it can consume in 2 minutes every day
and a large goldfish a larder amount daily.
Choose a goldfish food containing low amounts of flours and wheats and higher amounts of vegetation and meat such as worms and shrimp.
Step 4: Maintenance
# Do 25% water changes weekly using a siphon.
# Always use water dechlorinator. This removes the chlorine and chloramines. from the water.
# Add a little aquarium salt to help fight infection about 1 tsp per 20 litres (5 gallons).
# Wash out the filter cartridge in old tank water monthly. Do not rinse the cartridge so much that all the bacteria comes out of it, or you will have a re-cycle and your fish will die. Just rinse the cartridge a little so water flow is normal.
Step 5: Adding the Goldfish
Only add one fish a week so the filter can handle the bio load.
1. Float the bag the fish is in for 15 minutes.
2. Add 1 cup of your cycled aquarium water to the bag.
3. Wait 10 minutes.
4. Gently net the fish into the aquarium and discard the bag water.
Step 6: The End
Please comment, question and make suggestions so i can improve on my instructable.