Introduction: How to Take Good Photos
As I’ve been making instructables I’ve been trying to improve on the quality of the pictures I take. What you’ll read here is what I’ve learned over the past year about taking photos and how to make my “light box”.
The pictures you see are random items photographed in my “light box”. Each picture is also shown with the brightness increased a little through adobe photo shop. All other pictures on this instuctable are "as is" without any modification. My camera is a Cannon Power Shot. It cost me about $200.00.
Step 1: Natural Pictures
What I mean by natural photos are pictures that are taken without any effort to filter light. All these pictures are taken in direct sunlight. Because of that the shadows are very prominent. This could be a good thing especially if you want an out door’sy feel to it.
Taking pictures of small items in direct sunlight doesn’t do so well. The shadow is often as big as the piece you’re photographing and distracts from what you’re trying to capture. So what to do? Stay outdoors but get to some shade.
Step 2: Sunlight Shaded Pictures
All these picture were taking outdoors though in shade. The benefit to creating shade outdoors is you get the natural illumination of the sun without the shadows.
In the salamander picture you can see how bright the sunlight is if you look at the very back of the picture. I was holding a sheet of notebook paper to create the shade.
In the Xbox Cufflinks picture I had taped a piece of computer paper to my car and stood in the shadow casted from my house over the driveway.
The scull ring picture is taken in my garage with the garage door open. You can tell which way the sunlight is coming in by the brightest part of the picture.
The I heart bacon buckle was placed on the trunk of my car again using the shade from my house.
The butterfly bracelet was photographed on my back patio. If you look past the piece you can see how bright the sun is.
I’ve noticed that if you take a macro picture while the item is too close the background (ie: a sheet of paper) the overall tint of the photo will be darkened.
Step 3: Pictures in a Dark Areas
To get a black background all you need is one light. Point the light towards the dark side of the room and place the item between the light and the darkness.
All these photos were taken in my garage. If you were to turn on more lights you’d see the garage door less then 10 feet away.
Step 4: Pictures Indoors
Indoor pictures don’t do very well. You’ll get an unnatural tint to the photos and the lighting doesn’t do much for a good contrast.
However, if that’s all you’ve have to work with at the time, I’d recommend using a paper towel held over the item to help diffuse the light.
Step 5: Choosing a Good Background
In my opinion the first four pictures aren’t very good. Here’s why.
Both the woven ring and the two tone heart are photographed on my hand. While this may help contrast the picture takes on a reddish tint from it.
The flower was photographed on a dinner plate. Reflective on top of reflective is distracting.
The linked hearts were photographed on a faux leather wallet. I think a different combination of colors would’ve made for a better photo.
I do like the last picture though. I think it contrasts well and highlights what I want you to look at.
Step 6: My "light Box"
So here’s the secret to a shadow free picture; a light box. But it doesn’t really have to be a box. All you need is a few simple items.
Four paper towels
A sheet of computer paper
Something to tape the paper to, I’m using a paint can
A couple lamps
Take the paper and tape it to your stand so there’s a curve in the page. Take two paper towels and cover the back half of the stand and paper. Take another two paper towels and cover the front half. Direct two lamps so that they shine from each side at a 45 degree angle down onto the “light box”.
What you’ve done is illuminated a small area by using the paper towels to diffuse light. Now when you take a picture you can do it without casting shadows. Of course if the item your photographing if bigger than the sheet of computer paper you’ll have to modify the setup. To further brighten the photos you can use photo shop to adjust the brightness. If you don’t have photoshop you can buy “white light” bulbs or adjust how close you have the lamps to your box.
Keep in mind the camera has to be within the shadow of the box to take a good picture. You could also use the same setup in sunlight. Just by looking at the setup you'd think the picture would come out very dark but the camera adjusts pretty well.
Thanks for reading.