I Restored an Old Tonka Truck for My Son

3,438

29

11

About: I love working on and modifying toys for kids both big and small. Follow me on here to see my latest completed projects or follow me on instagram to see sneak peaks of what's brewing in the workshop!

First picture is the obligatory finished project pic.

Second pic is how I found it. Relatively rough all over, but complete. I had been wanting to play with a process called electrolytic rust removal and this truck looks like an ideal candidate for testing that process. It's basically reverse electro-plating that should strip rust off of steel. It looks like it could be a great technique/tool to add to the workshop.

In this instructable, I'll go over the steps I took to restore the Tonka truck back to like new condition. This is an original 80's truck with the dual stack exhaust.

Step 1: Disassembly

Disassemble everything. This involves drilling out rivets,
carefully unfolding brittle rusty steel tabs and popping off a couple axle caps.

The wheels are held to the axle with push nuts. They pop right off if you pull on them with pliers. If you're careful, you can re-use them. If they break, they should have them at your local hardware store for less than a buck. I was able to re-use mine.

There are rivets holding the bed to the chassis. You can drill them out by selecting a bit just slightly larger than the inside shaft of the rivet. Drill on the side with the bigger flared end. Avoid enlarging the hole the rivet was placed through, you just need to get the flared end separated and it'll pop right off.

If you look on the underside of the cab, there are six small metal tabs. Gently straighten them out and slide the metal cab of the plastic grill/fender piece. The smoke stacks, cab glass and other small plastic bits all remove just by pulling on them.

Step 2: Electrolytic Rust Removal on the Steel Parts

The gist of the process is you are submerging a rusty item in a solution of washing soda and water (washing soda increases conductivity). You then attach your rusty item to the negative lead of a 12v battery charger and the positive lead to some scrap steel (not stainless! only use ferrous metals for this process!) The scrap steel collects rust and contaminants from the work piece (it acts as a sacrificial anode). The process is not noisy or caustic, so it can be a relatively safe way of removing rust. Just be very careful to not short out your battery and definitely use a GFCI receptacle to power your charger. Playing with this process was a big part of why I tackled this project. Liquid stripper would probably have been more efficient on the paint and there wasn't enough rust to really justify the electrolysis, but where's the fun in that?

Everything's hooked up and cooking. The workpiece is attached to the negative battery terminal and submerged in the washing soda solution. The washing soda makes the water more conductive and aids in the process. The sacrificial anodes are attached to the positive terminal of the battery and spaced evenly around the work piece. As electricity flows, particles are removed from the work piece and are deposited on the anodes. This will not affect the base steel material, which makes it a gentle way to remove rust.

I'd have preferred to hook the charger directly to the setup, but most modern chargers are smart chargers. Hooked directly, it detects that the "battery" is beyond dead and indicates a fault. Throwing an actual battery into the mix circumvents all that unnecessary safety nonsense.

...but seriously, don't short batteries. Especially not near water. Be careful with your conductors.

Overview of the items needed for electrolytic rust removal.
Big plastic bin - (I put mine on a dolly to make moving it easier)

Steel anodes (I used old window weights, they have a perfect eyelet at the top for making easy wire connections)

Washing soda

Heavy gauge wire and alligator clips - I used 6awg solid copper and some jumper cable ends that I had laying about the shop

Battery charger/12v battery - If you have an old dumb charger, perfect. If you have a new smart charger, you'll need a car battery to fool the smart charger into charging. The more amperage it can push, the faster it'll work. I was using 12amp charging.

Step 3: Check the Progress

Pull out the anodes after a night of cooking. All the junk on them is material that came off the workpiece. Just scrape 'em off and reset everything if you're not satisfied with the results.

I did a lot of scraping and used a wire wheel on my grinder to work at the paint between overnight cookings. That was some very tough paint.

Step 4: Continue Cooking, Scraping, Repeat

Got the chassis all stripped down. You can see the swirl marks left from my wire brush. I used a variety of different brushes, some by hand, some attached to drills and disc grinders. This paint was very, very tough in the areas that weren't compromised with rust.

Found a Tonka factory stamp hidden under the incredibly thick factory paint.

Several nights in the cooker. Lots of wire brushing, wire wheel on the drill and scraping with a putty knife.

The paint got to the point where it was smearing more than flaking off. So close, but every last bit had to come off.


I started this project to test this technique out and it worked really well on the rusty spots. The process would be best suited to restoring rusty bare steel objects. I'll be using it on some antique hand tools soon, but it has a lot of other potential uses.

Step 5: Paint and Assembly

I considered going with the bare steel look, but figured kids and the eventual rust patina wouldn't mix well.

I painted the pieces with rattle can Rustoleum. 3-4 light coats on each piece. Making sure to avoid runs by not letting the can hover in one spot, don't start/stop spray on the work piece, let it dry thoroughly before handling, etc.

Put new rivets in the body and started re-assembly. A rivet gun just punches a small metal fastener through a specific diameter hole. It can be pressed in loosely to allow swiveling, or pulled tight to really hold. There are two rivets holding the cab to the chassis and two more holding the bed to the chassis. I put the cab on tightly and left the bed a bit loose so it can dump freely.

Step 6: Add Decals and Go Play!

I added some vinyl decals that I found online for around $10, and it's good to go!

I hope you found this article useful.. If you want to see what else I'm currently up to, follow me on instagram

Best of luck on your projects!

Fix It! Contest

Second Prize in the
Fix It! Contest

Share

    Recommendations

    • Make it Glow Contest 2018

      Make it Glow Contest 2018
    • First Time Author

      First Time Author
    • Baking Challenge

      Baking Challenge

    11 Discussions

    0
    None
    Hereslookingatya1

    Question 2 months ago

    I have the same truck and would like to know what color number brand did you use?

    2 answers
    0
    None
    Tinker_001Hereslookingatya1

    Answer 2 months ago

    Clicking the link leads to:

    Rust-Oleum Automotive 249275 12-Ounce John Deere Farm Equipment Spray, Yellow
    0
    None
    Tinker_001Tinker_001

    Reply 2 months ago

    Other yellows people Have good success with are Plasti-Kote #376 Brite Yellow and Rust-oleum #7747 Sunburst Yellow

    0
    None
    MarioL111

    2 months ago

    I am jealous.

    0
    None
    JonathanK148

    2 months ago

    A couple of details for those considering doing something like this. The truck doesn't have paint on it, it's powder coat, and sanding or using a wire wheel will do what is described here, smear. This is because it is plastic, and when it heats up it melts and reapplies itself. The most effective way to remove it is a chemical stripper. For a truck that is going to see enthusiastic youthful play, powder coating is going to give the most durable finish.

    0
    None
    cdavenport

    2 months ago on Introduction

    You did not describe your treatment of the vinyl wheels. Did you merely polish them smooth? Nice job all around. A bead blaster would have helped, wouldn't it?

    0
    None
    IamTedV

    Question 2 months ago on Step 5

    What is the actual Rustolium name for that yellow? It almost looks like a perfect match for the Tonka yellow.

    0
    None
    lynn.c.berry

    2 months ago on Step 5

    Wow! You do an amazingly great job! Kudos!! (Hope your son knows how wonderful this is & how lucky he is to have a Dad take the time to do this for him.) :)

    0
    None
    gm280

    2 months ago

    You did good. I happen to have my boy's old Tonka trucks and front end loaders and such. And of course they are rusty as well. I have plans to refurbish them as well since my boys are now in the later 30's and early 40's. So you can imagine the condition those Tonka trucks are in as the sit outside. I like your methods but was wondering why you didn't use a good primer before repainting. I think I am going to use automotive PPG primers and paint. I have all the equipment and I know that paint is solid and will be there for a few more generations. Thumbs Up for your project!

    1 reply
    0
    None
    PoppaFixItgm280

    Reply 2 months ago

    Thanks! As for the paint, I'm not an expert on that so I didn't think to use a primer, especially when most stuff is sold as 2 in 1 these days. I actually did this project about three years ago (just now found the old pics and did a write up) and the paint has held up very well. If I did it all again, I'd go with powder coating, but I didn't have the means to do that then.

    2
    None
    jpmarth

    2 months ago

    Looks great! So many memories of playing with my Tonka truck!