Introduction: Indian Flat Bread - Phulka/Roti/Chapati (Puffed) and Layered
Indian bread or Roti is an unleavened flat bread which is made in almost every part of India. I will be showing 2 ways of how to prepare Indian flat bread.
Phulkas also known as Roti or Chapati in some regions are a whole wheat soft and thin puffed flat bread. The phulka is a daily bread for many regional Indian cuisines. It is not only rich in the nutrients and fibres that whole wheat brings along with it, but also low in fat and very light on the stomach.
Chapati can also be prepared in layers.Chapati can be one-layered of one-layered, two-layered, three-layered / triangular shaped and four-layered / squared. I will be showing how to make triangle ones too.
- Till the step 4 of Rolling it is the same for both the varieties.
- These are best served hot, but if you are going to be serving them a little later, invest in a hot case.
- if you cannot serve them hot, then you can keep them in a container that keeps food warm like a casserole or in a roti basket. You can also wrap them up in a kitchen towel or napkin.
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Step 1: Ingredients
Traditionally Roti’s are cooked on an iron skillet and later put on direct flame for it to rise and puff. Phulka is a hindi word, which means to puff. The roti gets puffed up when exposed to dry heat like that of the a direct flame and puffs up.
3 cups whole wheat flour/atta
1 to 1.25 cups water or more if needed
1/2 to 3/4 tsp salt (optional)
1 to 2 tsp oil or ghee (optional)
Step 2: Begin Kneading
Take whole wheat flour/atta in a bowl. Seive the whole wheat flour with salt. Add a bit of water and ghee and start mixing.
Adding some water to the dough in parts, begin to knead the dough. Continue to knead the dough. Keep on adding water as required. If you add all the water at once then the flour will become too sticky to handle.
Keep on kneading till the dough becomes pliable and soft. The final dough consistency should not be very soft or hard.
Step 3: Dough
Now make small to medium balls of the dough. Roll the balls in the palms of your hands.
Step 4: Roll
Flatten the ball. sprinkle some whole wheat flour to the dough ball. Alternatively, you can also dust the rolling board with flour.
Start rolling the dough ball into a flat round circle. Sprinkle some wheat flour if the dough begins to stretch or become sticky while rolling. Make sure that the rotis are not thick as they take much time to cook.
Step 5: Phulka/Roti/Chapthi (Puffed) - Heat Pan
Turn on the gas stove and put the tawa/Iron skillet to make it hot. The tawa has to be sufficiently hot to make soft rotis. I generally make rotis on a high flame.
Regulate the temperature while making the rotis.
Now put the roti on a hot tawa/griddle. First cook one side. It should be less than half cooked or about one-fourth cooked. Bubbles should start to appear on one side.
Turn and cook the other side. This should be a little bit more cooked than the first side. Brown spots should be visible.
Step 6: Puff (Direct Flame)
Now hold the roti with a tong and keep the first side which was cooked, directly on fire. the roti will start to puff.
Turn and keep the other side on fire. The roti will puff more. Avoid burning the rotis.
Remove and apply ghee on the rotis. Applying ghee or oil keep them soft for a long time. Rotis made with this method is ideally served hot.
Serve the soft rotis with dal or a veggie dish.
Step 7: Puff on Iron Skillet
You can puff even on the skillet. Give a small press at the sides of chapati with your spoon. The middle portion will puff up. The flame should be medium and the pan sufficiently hot for puffing up. Similarly do pressing around.
Turn over and cook the other side.
Take it out from stove and brush some oil over to keep it soft.
Step 8: Layered Indian Flat Bread (Chapathi)
Dust a single dough ball with wheat flour.
Roll the dough ball into a circular shaped disc.
Sprinkle small quantity of oil and wheat flour on one side of the disc.
Fold the disc from the center into half for semi-circle shape.
Step 9: Semi Cicle
Brush some oil and wheat flour on the semi-circle.
Fold from the center of the semi-circle for a triangular shape. Dust with wheat flour.
Now roll the triangle into triangular shape with the rolling pin.
Step 10: Cook
Then put the triangle on medium flame on a hot tawa/Pan.
When bubbles appear then flip the side of the chapati.
Cook both sides of the chapati. Press down with a spatula and let it puff up.
Step 11: Serve
The layered chapatis can be topped with ghee / oil and kept in cloth / paper towels.
After finishing making all the parathas, give a gentle tap to define the layers.