Raspbian is an operating system by the Raspberry Pi Foundation, the creators of the Raspberry Pi. It is the most used operating system on the Pi. This tutorial will show how to install Raspbian on your Raspberry Pi.
Step 1: Equipment List
Step 2: Download Raspbian
I recommend the "Raspbian Stretch with desktop" image, because it has a graphical user interface, which is sometimes very useful.
After downloading unzip the file. If you have any trouble unzipping the files, try these programs recommended by the Raspberry Pi Foundation:
Step 3: Write the Disc Image to Your MicroSD Card
- Download and install the image writing tool etcher from their website
- Insert the MicroSD card into your computer
- Open etcher
- Select the unzipped raspbian disc image
- Select the correct drive (your MicroSD card)
- Click on flash
The flashing process will take some time. Wait until the flashing is done and don't remove the MicroSD card.
- Open the drive in the explorer, finder, etc.
- create an empty file called "ssh" in the root of the drive (sd card) (Make sure there is no additional ".txt" or any other file extension. just "ssh")
Step 4: Insert the MicroSD Card Into Your Raspberry Pi and Boot Up
You're almost done! All you have to do now is, to put the MicroSD card into your Raspberry Pi and plug in the power source.
Default user credentials:
You can either work with mouse and keyboard on your raspberry pi, or connect the pi to your home network and connect via SSH to your pi.
How do I get the IP of my Pi?
- Open the web interface of your router
- Look for an option where you can see all connected devices (if you don't know how to do that, read the manual of your router or contact your internet service provider)
- Search for your Pi
How do I connect via SSH to my Pi?
- Download and install the SSH Terminal PuTTY
- Open PuTTY
- Insert the IP of your Pi into the 'Host Name (or IP Address)' field
- Click on Open
- Accept the certificate
- Login to your Pi