Interfacing Brushless DC Motor (BLDC) With Arduino

59,667

201

71

About: A grad student at Boston University, I graduated with Computer Engineering degree and my area of interest is Robotics. I also have a heavy inclination towards the DIY philosophy. Previously I was a Research ...

This is a tutorial about how to interface and run a Brushless DC motor using Arduino. If you have any questions or comments please reply in comments or mail to rautmithil[at]gmail[dot]com. You can also get in touch with me @mithilraut on twitter.

To know more about me: www.mithilraut.com

Step 1: List of Components

  1. Arduino UNO
  2. BLDC outrunner motor (Any other outrunner motor will work fine)
  3. Electronic Speed Controller (Choose according to the current rating of the motor)
  4. LiPo Battery (to power the motor)
  5. Male-Male Jumper cable * 3
  6. USB 2.0 cable type A/B (To upload the program and power the Arduino).

Note: Make sure you check the connectors of battery, ESC and Motors. In this case we have 3.5mm male bullet connectors on the Motor. So I soldered 3.5mm female bullet connectors on the output of ESC. The Battery had a 4.0mm Male Female connector. Hence I soldered appropriate female male connectors on the input side of ESC.

Step 2: Connections

Connect the motor to the output of ESC. Here, the polarity doesn't matter. If you switch any 2 of the 3 wires, the motor will rotate in opposite direction.

Connect the '+' & '-' of battery to the Red(+) and Black(-) wires of ESC respectively.

From the 3pin servo cable coming out of the ESC, connect the Brown cable to the 'GND' pin on Arduino. Connect the Yellow cable to any digital pin. In our case its digital pin 12.

Step 3: Programming Arduino UNO

If you are new to Arduino then you can download, install and setup the Arduino from here.

Connect the Arduino to the PC. Open Arduino IDE and write this code. Under 'Tools' select

Board: Arduino/Genuino UNO

Port: COM15 (Select appropriate COM port. To find out the COM port open device manager and look for Arduino UNO under 'Ports')

Click Upload button on the upper left corner.

#include <Servo.h>
Servo esc_signal;

void setup()
{
  esc_signal.attach(12);  //Specify here the pin number on which the signal pin of ESC is connected.
  esc_signal.write(30);   //ESC arm command. ESCs won't start unless input speed is less during initialization.
  delay(3000);            //ESC initialization delay.
}

void loop()
{
esc_signal.write(55);	  //Vary this between 40-130 to change the speed of motor. Higher value, higher speed.
delay(15);
}

Step 4: Note

The correct way to run the motors is to

1. Connect the battery to the ESC to power up the ESC.

2. Power the Arduino.

If you do the other way round, the Arduino will run the arm sequence and the ESC will miss those commands since it isn't powered up. In this case press the reset button on the Arduino.

Share

Recommendations

  • Classroom Science Contest

    Classroom Science Contest
  • Frozen Treats Challenge

    Frozen Treats Challenge
  • Backyard Contest

    Backyard Contest

71 Discussions

0
None
rajamanickam1

Question 12 hours ago on Introduction

How can I reverse the direction of the BLDC motor? What is the ESC controller required to reverse the direction of the BLDC motor 1105?

1 answer
0
None
MithilRrajamanickam1

Reply 8 hours ago

Reversing the direction is done by switching 2 cables going from the ESC to the motor. This is a manual method. You may have to check for ESCs out there which offer to switch direction as well.

0
None
Baptiste Hoorelbeke

Question 5 weeks ago on Step 1

Dear Sir,
For a small project at school I saw your website about the brushless DC motor. My idea was to make the motor myself like on this website: https://www.thingiverse.com/thing:2375081
My question is: Would that be possible with a homemade engine? (Everything can be bought)
Thank you in advance!

0
None
عمارق

10 months ago

Hallo, how can I control the brushless motor and esc via my iPhone Bluetooth ?
I have already Hm-10 bluetooth, but I need 1- the sketch of this project
2- and IOS App
Can anyone please help me ?

1 reply
0
None
MithilRعمارق

Reply 5 weeks ago

Yes, you can exchange data between the phone and the Arduino using the Bluetooth module. Use that data to write the speed.

0
None
PuneethS12

Question 3 months ago

Why can't we nterface bldc motor using MOSFET circuit ?

1 answer
0
None
MithilRPuneethS12

Answer 5 weeks ago

I think some ESC's may have MOSFETs in it although I am not sure. I know they are used for DC motors.

0
None
Karthik118

Question 8 weeks ago

is it possible to reverse the speed and tell me how?

1 answer
0
None
MithilRKarthik118

Answer 5 weeks ago

You can manually switch any 2 wires going from ESC to the motor (A, B, C) to reverse the direction of the motor. Electronically, it requires an ESC with that feature.

0
None
NehaS88

7 months ago

can we implement a lcd board to show the speed

1 reply
0
None
MdM52

10 months ago

Sir, i want to control speed of BLDC motor in diffrent stage. please help me sir

3 replies
0
None
MithilRMdM52

Reply 10 months ago

Follow the tutorial. Program the Arduino to control the motor.

0
None
MithilRMdM52

Reply 10 months ago

Refer the program in step 3 of this instructable. That is where you would program it. The comments in the program would help to see what each command is doing.

0
None
MithilRharshitt345

Answer 11 months ago

Choose the Amp according to the max current rating of the motor.

0
None
Dylan91

2 years ago

Nice work:) with the same procedure can i control a 4 BLDC? So can i build an arduino based quadrocopte? Someone said to me the arduino not "fast enough" for it.

2 replies
1
None
MithilRDylan91

Reply 2 years ago

You can control 4 BLDC motors. But the clock rate of arduino is less so even if you make one it won't be stable. I would recommend you go for a different controller with a faster clock rate.