Introduction: K'nex Programmable Automaton
I don't have enough string, so I could only run the short program shown in the video.
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Step 1: Build Frame and Motor Components
Step 2: Create the Program Spindles
Use a thin but strong string. Yarn, synthetics, or the string included with most sets will work. Two pieces of string of equivalent length are needed. The longer the string, the longer your automaton program will run. If the lengths of the string need minor adjustment, see image 6.
The program spindles are designed to be easily removable, so new programs can quickly be run by simply exchanging the spindles.
Step 3: Programming the Automaton
Looping the string under allows moves the vehicle forward on that side. Looping the string over moves the vehicle backward on that side. To allow the vehicle to move forward, both spindles would loop under; to turn right, the right spindle loops over and the left spindle loops under, and vice versa. Keep in mind that the code runs in reverse, with the top most string layers coding for the first actions of the automaton.
To simplify programming and to allow easy distribution of different scripts, I have set up a simple coding syntax. I suggest coding in notepad so the spacing is even.
This is how the script for each wheel starts, with a L and R for the respective left and right wheels. Y is a number, and x is a unit of measurement. The Yx shows the length of the string in a particular unit. So, 8meters, for example.
Each spindle has 8 rods, so moving forward (looping the string under) one complete spindle revolution would be the following. u is for looping under, and o is for looping over. A // signifies the end of code."
The script above shows a slight left turn. A 5u signifies that a grey connector be placed on the 5th rod from the origin, with the origin being 1, and a turn of direction occurring on the 5th rod. The other side has -- to help balance out the script to make it easier to code.
An "s" signifies a stop loop around a grey connector. An example would be
This means the that on the right spindle, the string is to be looped 360 degrees around the grey connector, signifying a stop. The stop should end in the same direction it started.
That's all there is to it. On the next step I have provided some sample measurements and scripts to combine into more complex scripts.
Step 4: Sample Scripts and Measurements
Second Prize in the
Instructables and RoboGames Robot Contest