Make a small light real Piano placed on your lap.and played like a real piano.It also can function as an exerciser for people who have to exercise their arthritic fingers.It will play 2 octaves with sharps and flats.
Step 1: INTRODUCTION
This novel piano uses strings and keys like a real piano. I does have its own sound but is
pleasing to hear and play.It can be used by patients who are bed ridden or arthritic and so the instrument can be used on the bed or lap. Hence the title.It only weighs less than 2 pounds and can be made from standard materials found in local craft stores and hardware stores .
An earlier Instructable initiated this instrument idea. That release the Mini-Piano was released back in an Instructable November 5,2009 and did not have sharps and flat keys.These were thus added here.
The piano was made in 40 hours of effort and not including search for the materials. Also any one who is a top craftsman may use up time on the wood and appearance if he wishes.I wish to enter this Instructable for the Health Contest.
Step 2: MATERIALS AND TOOLS
REFER TO THE MATERIALS LIST.
All items are listed but refer to the drawings for the item number.
Some parts can be replaced by an equivalent . Example: wood can be any available wood or purchased wood from a craft store.The main resonator box can be made from scratch or purchased in a Dollar store or Crafts store.Here we used a wood box that fits over a box of tissue paper.It was sanded and painted with varnish.The main thing is to obtain a surface that is thin.The surface is a resonator so it must be less than 1/8 inch thick.[See Item 24}
The main axle is a knitting needle but any steel rod or wire can be used here.[Item 25]
The 1/4 inch long tubes [item 14 ] can be any tubular metal that will easily fit the axle item 25.
Aluminum sheet .02 in. thick can be same as home siding material as used here.
Hemostat clamp pliers.
Shears to cut plastic and metal sheet aluminum [item 15 and 20 ] [Adhesive tape item 12]
Drill press or Dremel to drill holes in the tuner dowel rod and top Item 1]Item 7 Rod]
Drill-bit .093 for the tuner screws.[Item 6] and screw item 5.
Awl - to mark drill holes .06 dia drill for each string.[19 strings]
Glue-E6000[r]. or equiv.
Saw- or coping saw.
Step 3: CONSTRUCTION
Refer to Drawing B and C
B= side view.
Start by taking dimensions from the drawing and cut and glue all sides , top and ends. as shown in the 1 to 1 scale drawing.
After all wood is in place except the tuning support dowel [3/4Dia.] mark off the 19 hole locations for the strings on the resonator top [item 24].
The next step is more involved- attaching the tuner screws.
Mark of the 19 spots and drill the .093 holes about .5 inches apart on the 3/4 in. dowel item 7.
insert the tuning screws full in and then one turn more. this assembly can now be installed on the side wood item 22.using item 5 wood screws.
Drill 19 anchor holes 1/16Dia. at all preset punched spots at the bridge. about 1/.8 inch out.
String Assembly--Attach a bead crimp to a string. crimp it with plier. insert through the above anchor hole and pull it thru. about 10 inches of length to the tuning screw.Attach to screw that is previously sqyeezed closed loop witha pliers. This can be done with another crimp clamp of the open U-type.Rotate the string clock-wise around the screw base until you sound a note close to the desired note .Later the tuning is made final. Perform this operation for all 19 strings.Be sure and stretch the strings until you get the note for that key.then tie the end to the screw-eye.
Key sticks-Cut to length shown [4 in.] using side cutters. clean and sand ends. Mark the centers and place a tube at this point and glue down.Dont let glue enter inside the tubes.[item 25].
Note the sharps keys are shorter so the tubes will be 1-1/4 in. from one end. Be sure the needle axle fitssnugly inside each tube.
Attaching adhesive-- String the keys onto the axle and lay axle thru the two end slots . locate keys . in right place for the note to be used. starting at left B note.
Locate and glue the side guides item 15 and 20 so the keys will not move side -ways more then 1/32 inch.Lift a key and hold it up to insert the adhesive strip [1/4x1/2 in. precut in their holder and one side of paper removed. Press ont bottom end of stick and over the end 1./16 in. The adhesive is very sticky so use caution here for placement .
Weights- All weights are about 9grams. position on top end with a little glue.
Add plastic key pads to key ends.[3/4 x 3/4 .Add plastic blocks to Sharps keys.two per key.
Foam- slip item 18 urethane foam pad under keys and spot glue in place.
Final check of adhesive- Press each key down onto the foam slowly- The string should release from the adhesive Uglu. This completes the main part of the piano.
Step 4: TUNING
wHEN ASSEMBLED CORRECTLY ALL NOTES SHOULD BE CLOSE TO OR SLIGHTLY BELOW THEIR FINAL PITCH.
Using a piano or a Casio type instrument we use an initial tune-up about 1 note higher than desired. After 2 hours the string will relax to a lower pitch about one note down.
After sitting for 4 hours -retune it to nominal. There will be a drift of each key note down word about 1/2 note. This is normal for strings of all kinds.
After the 3d retuning the drift is zero to -1/.4 note . and not too noticeable.
Drift after 1 month is about 1/2 note down.
Play smoothly- some sticking occurs at first. If adhesive acts up . remove and replace with a new piece.
Finalist in the
Humana Health by Design Contest