LED Bulb

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Introduction: LED Bulb

About: Hey Everybody, I am very thankful to this site owner who gives us a new platform to share the things we love to make.Thanks a lot.

Hello Everyone, I want to share this interesting project which is 240 Volt Mains operated and costs about INR 60 or is less than $1.

The Led's are 5050 smd type means it is 50mm x 50mm in dimensions and mainly used for surface mounting on pcb, you can use through hole led also. This Led bulb contains seven smd led's of 0.2 watt each.So total power consumption uses is approx.1.6 watt including power wattage of all components.Let's Begin..:)

WARNING: Working with 240 volt is very dangerous if any loose connection or misplaced component is present.Be very careful..

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Step 1: Components & Description

a) 5050 Smd Led - Seven in Numbers which costs INR 2.50 each.Actually there are three white led's in one package.So there are three pins at both side of cathode and anode,don't confuse with them.Simply solder these three with each other.The polarity mark on Smd shows the cathode terminal.

b) Metallized Polyester Capacitor - The most important component for lowering down the current and voltage.This capacitor doesn't have any polarity. Xc=1/2pifc is the capacitive resistance offered by capacitor,after finding resistance this value will follow ohm's law to finding current i.e V=IR. where value of 'c' is in Farad.(here c=105K i.e 1uf)

c) Electrolytic Capacitor - Capacitor having polarity and used for filtering the dc.

d) Diodes - 1N4007 is used which can withstand upto 1000 Volts and rectifies upto 1 Ampere current.

e) Resistance - 1 watt resistance are used . For safety of circuit the wattage of resistance should be more than 60% of the voltage drop across it. So these never heats up.

f) Bulb housing - You can use damaged cfl housing or purchase online.

g) Heat Sink - For long operating life of led ,this compound is used below the led's for heat sink . It is very cheaper.

Glitters, Scrap Paper and OHP sheets(used as projector sheet) are optional.

Step 2: Circuit and Making

Follow the circuit very carefully as tiny mistake will lead to short circuit or shock.

Try to solder the components as close as you can so as to fit in the Bulb Housing.

The soldering of the SMD led's are time consuming if you are a newbie like me. After soldering apply heat sink paste on back side of led .

If you wants to add more led then simply increase the value of electrolytic capacitor which is connected in parallel on output side. (This is also known as polar capacitor)

Then fit it with right polarity and enjoy your work.

Thank you

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    14 Discussions

    0
    Zen Innovations
    Zen Innovations

    3 years ago

    Very Neat project Mr Hemant! How did you carefully manage to solder these 5050? They usually Burn when soldering.

    0
    Hemant Jain
    Hemant Jain

    Reply 3 years ago

    Just apply flux before soldering.
    Thanks

    0
    satpathi
    satpathi

    5 years ago on Step 2

    Resistance on 105K Poly capacitor is 1m 1/4 w ? pl confirm

    0
    Hemant Jain
    Hemant Jain

    Reply 5 years ago on Step 2

    Yes,quarter watt resistance is used since the current flowing through it, is very small.

    0
    dtpit
    dtpit

    5 years ago

    hello bhai can u tell me how to make circuit for 1 watt led

    0
    dtpit
    dtpit

    5 years ago

    nice project bro

    0
    r-philp
    r-philp

    5 years ago on Introduction

    What changes would you make to your circuit if you were working with 110 volts?

    0
    Techno1213
    Techno1213

    5 years ago

    I wouldn't recommend this project because if the tiniest thing is wrong, this could become a shock and fire hazard and potentially kill you.

    0
    Hemant Jain
    Hemant Jain

    Reply 5 years ago on Introduction

    Thanks buddy for your advise,i have put a warning of being working with high voltage.