LED Holiday Window Decoration

Introduction: LED Holiday Window Decoration

About: Hi,I'm from DFRobot, a dream factory for robo-holics to make a better world.

My friend said that it is wasteful to make a holiday window decoration with LED strip. All in all, holiday only lasts couple of days, so we have to split and remove it just after few days. On second thought, that’s the truth.

This time, I want to make something useful. The smart phone should be powered off during charging. You know smart phones are a little dangerous when be powered. (SAMSUNG S10 explosion…) But how could we check time whenever we want? Of course, a clock. Surfing the internet but failed, big clocks take too much space, small ones are hard to check the time. Well, a bright idea came up with a brainwave, I decide to make my own clock. It is a rocky road but finally I succeed. When heard of praises like it is beautiful, all these are worthy. Once open the door, a cute window clock jumps into my sight. With thousands of lamps at dark, the clock is so charming. At this time, joys spilt out from my heart, I truly know the answer of what’s the reality from the movie Forever Young. Clock on the window---Light Year

Design Idea
Combine solar power manager with 15 solar panels to make an independent electricity supply to power the clock. The solar power helps us get rid of the restrict of external wires and the window would not be choked by long wires and switches. According to the energy amount, the clock responds to 3 modes. Mode1(energy>70%): the clock keeps light ON. Mode2(70%>energy>50%): the clock flashes to save power. Mode3(energy>50%): the clock keeps light OFF but wake up periodically. With the decrease of the energy, its sleep time will increase exponentially. In this way, the clock can work for one month even without any sunlight to supply energy. And the light sensor can adjust the clock lightness to adapt the environment light changes. So, no matter what whether it is, sunny, cloudy or night, we all can enjoy a comfortable watching. Visual DesignConsidering people always pay attention to 2 values hour and minute, I weaken the visual proportion that the second takes, and simplify the second to matrix flash.

Supplies:

Material List

1.DFR0535 Solar Power Manager (for 9V/12V/18V solar panel) x1

2.Silicon Solar Panels(9V) x15

3.3.7v/10000mah Lithium Battery x1

4.Gravity: I2C 3.7V Li Battery Fuel Gauge x1

5.DFRduino UNO R3 - Arduino Compatible x1

6.Gravity: I2C DS1307 RTC Module x1

7.Gravity: Analog Ambient Light Sensor For Arduino x1

8.WS2812B RGB led x80(combines with enameled wires and 3M twin adhesive)

9.NPN triode (10k resistor) x1

Teacher Notes

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Step 1: Talking About the Solar Power Manager, We Should Know Its Multiple Ports.

There are 8 ports at least:

Micro USB input x1

3.7V inputs x2

(the 3.7v lithium battery can be charged when solar panel inputs or micro USB inputs are provided)

7v~30v solar power input x1

5V 1.5A output x13.3v 1A output x1

9v/12v 0.5A output x1

5v 1.5A USB output (which can directly supply UNO) x1

The maximum charge current up to 2A. The MPPT (Maximum Power Point Tracking) algorithm is adopted which maximize the solar power and capture the solar energy effectively. Just like a talented conductor who hold a delicate baton, it performs excellent in every wave. Therefore, all electrons move to destinations in order.

Step 2: Connection Diagram

Let’s make it!

Step 3: Modeling

Step 4: Laser Cutting Drawing

The purple lines are indications for soldering

Step 5: Laser Cutting 3mm Boards

The super small dots next to square holes are to indicate the direction of the LED notch

Step 6: Allocate LEDs

Step 7: Soldering Enameled Wire

During soldering, my friend just said “Oh my gosh, are you wanting to solder to die?” Well, finally I survived.

Adhere the board to window, it seems a little tilt. Try my best to hold me back from tear it apart (I am Virgo… and a little obsessive). Power ON, many LEDs just burnt immediately without any reason. So I have to take all of them down and solder again.

Step 8: Put 3M Twin Adhesive(1mm) to the Back of LEDs:

Step 9: Connect Solar Panels

Connect solar panels in parallel, then paste them in the direction of window frame with 3M twin adhesive, put hot glue to the loosen parts.

Step 10: Fix Parts

Fix solar power manager, arduino UNO and sensors near to LEDs.

arduino UNO and Lithium battery.

Tear all 3M adhesive in the LED board apart, take tools to paste to window in parallel and split LED and board apart slowly and carefully.
LEDs are allocated in the inner side and the controllers and other are allocated in the other side of the window. So we need to probe a small hole to go through the window frame and make LED enameled wire to the outside.

Step 11: Wiring As the Connection Diagram Suggests and Burn the Program.

Step 12: Put the Clock Between 2 Glasses.

The glass reflections and refractions make a fantastic infinite space effect. It looks more layering.

Step 13: Define the Color

Enjoy!

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