Introduction: LED Snake
There are multiple uses for the LED Snake:
- As a night light
- as a garden decoration
- as a party decoration
- as a holiday decoration
- or you can even attach it to you bike
Step 1: Components
- Lots and lots of LEDs, different colors, but the same voltage. (picture 2)
- Telephone wire, 0,5mm (picture 3)
- 2 AA batteries (picture 4)
- A wooden board that is at least 2cm thick (picture 5 and 6)
- A 2 AA battery holder (preferably the battery holder that attaches to a 9V battery clip, because you can take off the battery holder and attache it to the AC to DC adapter) (picture 7 and 8)
- A4 paper
Step 2: Tools
- Electric drill
- 10mm drill
- Wire cutter
- Wire insulation stripper
- Soldering iron
- Tolls for desoldering (just in case)
- Wood glue (picture 2)
- Computer and printer (not shown)
Step 3: Calculations
Ok,now that you know what materials and tools you need,lets see how much LEDs and wire you need:
For each link of the snake (picture 1 and 2) you need 3 LEDs and 2X 5cm of wire that goes to another link.
So, for example, lets say you want to make a snake whit 30 links, you will need:
30 x 3 = 90 LEDs
30 x 10 = 300 cm of wire
For the LEDs, you multiply the amount of link by 3
and for the wire you multiply the amount of links by 10.
In step 4 I will show you how to make the frame, so you can make the LED formation like in picture 1 and 2.
Step 4: Making the Frame
In step 4 I will show you how to make the frame so you can make the LED formation,link . One LED formation makes one LED snake link. I made the blueprint in a program called Electronic Symbols. (picture 1)
First you have to download the document and print it out, I made it in several formats. The blueprint consists of three 10mm circles separated by 1mm, making a triangle shape. (you can download the blueprint in tiff, picture 2 ; jpg, picture 3 and as a ;word document)
Download the blueprint, print it out, and using some wood glue apply it to the wooden board.
Take the electric drill and the 10mm drill and make the 3 holes in the wood, try to do it precisely as possible. That is why you glued the printed blueprint,so it would be precise.
You should get something that looks like in picture 4 and 5. Mark the paper just like in the picture 4 and 5, the left plus (+) is facing the right plus (+) and the left minus (-) is facing the right minus (-). As for the LED on top, the left side is a plus (+) and the right side is the minus (-)
Make shore that the LEDs fit inside the holes perfectly! (picture 6 and 7)
In step 5 we will solder the LEDs and make lots and lots of links, and i remind you, lots of links soldered together form the LED snake.
Step 5: Soldering the LEDs
In this step we will solder the LEDs,so that we make one link of the snake. 1 link consists of 3 LEDs. In this step you will need the soldering iron, solder, wire cutter, tools for desoldering and the wooden frame you built in the previous step.
I suggest looking at all the pictures for image notes!!!
First take the wooden frame and place two LEDs, just like in picture 1 and 2, so that the positive pin from LED 1 is facing the positive pin from LED 2 (the longer pin) , and the negative pin from LED 1 is facing the negative pin from LED 2(shorter pin).
Take the positive (longer) pin from LED 2 and bend it so that it touches the positive pin of LED 1 (picture 3)
Now, take the negative (shorter) pin from LED 1 and bend it so that it touches the negative pin of LED 2 (picture 4 and 5)
Once you have done that, solder the bent pins to the standing ones. (picture 6,7 and 8)
Take the third LED and put it in the frame so that the positive (longer) pin faces the standing positive pin of LED 1, and the negative (shorter) pin faces the standing negative pin of LED 2. (picture 9 and 10)
Bend the positive pin of LED 3 so that it touches the standing positive pin of LED 1,bend the negative pin of LED 3 so that it touches the negative pin of LED 2 and solder it. (picture 11 and 12)
Cut out the leads that you won't use, you will use only the positive and negative standing lead!!! (picture 13 and 14)
Pull the LED formation, link from the wooden frame and you are done, you made 1 link, now it is time to make a bunch more of these. (picture 15)
Go to step 6 for some tips, reminders and important rules on making LED links for the snake!!!
Step 6: Tips,Rules,Sugestions
You have to make lots of LED links, but there is a very important rule:
- ALWAYS REPEAT THE PIN BENDING AS YOU DID THE FIRS ONE, SO THAT THE POSITIVE STANDING PIN IS ALWAYS ON THE LEFT AND THE NEGATIVE STANDING PIN IS ON THE RIGHT!!! (this is very, very important because if the positive and negative pins switch sides
- If you are having trouble taking the LED link from the wooden frame use some pliers. (picture 2)
- If you happen to have a 3V battery (picture 3), use it to see if the LED link is soldered properly and good the LED should light up (picture 4)
Picture 6 shows a finished yellow LED link that isn't pulled from the frame yet.
In step 7 we will prepare the wire and solder the links together.
Step 7: Soldering the Links Together
In this step we will solder the LED links, the links we made in the previous step.
First, lets prepare the wire. Take the wire and cut it into 5 cm pieces (picture 1). Repeat this until you get the amount of 5cm wires you need (picture 2).
Now, that we cut the amount of wires we need it is time to strip the insulation off the ends of the wires. We will do this by taking the wire insulation stripper and stripping about 7mm of insulation on the ends of the wires (picture 3). Do this on all of the wires you cut (picture 4).
Once we have done that it is time to start soldering the links together.
Take 1 LED link (picture 5) and 2 pieces of 5cm wire (picture 6).
Put the wires on the LED pins and solder them, I used the white piece for the positive(longer) pin the the blue piece for the negative(shorter) pin (picture 7). Now all that is left is to cut the pins and you should get something that look like in picture 8.
Once we have done that we take another LED link and the previous one we soldered the wires to and again solder the wires from LED link 1 and on to the pins of LED link 2 (picture 9) There are image notes on picture 9, i suggest looking at it.
And from here you just have to repeat the proses again and again and again. Solder a wire to each pin on LED link 2 that goes down to LED link 3, and then solder the wires from LED link 2 to the pins on LED link 3. Again solder a wire on each pin on LED link 3 that goes down to LED link 4, and solder the wires that come from LED link 3 to the pins on LED link 4, and so on and on... (picture 10, 11 12,13 and 14)
As you solder each link your snake grows and grows and grows!
Step 8: Soldering the Clip
The last step in this project is to solder the wires of the battery holder. In step 1 I suggested that you buy a holder for 2 AA batteries that attaches on to a 9V battery clip, and the reason is that you can remove the battery holder and attach it to a AC to DC adapter (picture 3,4 and 5). If your planing to use it as a decoration for a party, it is much easier and cheaper if you run it whit an adapter.
When you solder all of your LED link, the last step is to solder the 9V battery clip, or the battery holder to the last pins of the last LED link. (picture 1 and 2)
Attach it to an adapter or put 2 batteries, it's you choice, and let it glow and amaze other!
Step 9: YOU ARE DONE!!!
You have finished your LED Snake! Put it up so everyone can see and be amazed by your creation! You made your own unique decoration!
I hope you enjoyed making your LED Snake!
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