Laser Engraving Machine CNC (Producing Laser Engraving Machine by Using Wasted CD-Drive or Printer)




Introduction: Laser Engraving Machine CNC (Producing Laser Engraving Machine by Using Wasted CD-Drive or Printer)

Are you still worried about what gifts are best suited for your friends? Do you want to choose something creative to express your sincere wishes? With the advancement of the economy, higher requirements on presents become more necessary. Gifts with innovative ideas are coming into our sights.

Some people want to print their favourite pictures or cartoon characters on some small ornaments. People who are keen about DIY wish to make pcb at home to make their own electronic works. Based on these requirements, I sprouted the idea of making a laser-engraving machine. The machine is made from discarded materials, which saves the money and put the concept of “recycling resources ” into practice as well. However, the first generation of laser-engraving machine can only satisfy the want of printing pictures. Thus, I expand the framework in my second version and propose the innovative method of circuit-board-etching in order to broaden the uses of the machine.

The machine is basically made from unwanted materials that you can easily find in second-hand markets. I use the old CD driver and printer to make this machine and it is shown later in my article.

Step 1: Demo Video

This is a demonstration of the process of carving

Step 2: (first Generation) Using the CD-ROM Production -- Get Laser and Stepper Motor

I took two wasted CD-drives apart because we need the steppers and lasers from them.

Step 3: (first Generation) Assemble the Circuits and the Drive Frames

This is my first-generation product, using the wasted CD drives and Arduino.

Let’s start assembling! This is the specific making process: solder the circuit board by Arduino Nano and a4988 stepper driver; use the waste wood slats and the disassembled drives’ stepping motors. Wood is not only easy for making changes, even with a saw or utility knife, but also environment-friendly. Always remember to keep the stepping motors on the x and y axes perpendicular to avoid printing crooked or skewed pictures.

Step 4: (first Generation) the Design and Improvement of Machine Frame

Here is the process of designing and optimizing the machine frame, though many of my attempts failed. But these trials were to let more people make simple and interesting laser engraving machines using their discarded CD drives more conveniently and economically. I will attach a design sheet in the next section.

Step 5: (first Generation) the Design Sheet of Machine Frame

Below is my design sheet of the optimized machine frame. There are 3 different designs.

Step 6: (second Generation) Dissemble Printers – Take the Cam Block and the Motor

The inkjet printers we usually use are very cheap – only about 300-500 RMB. But replacing a print head costs a few hundred. Therefore, there are many unusable inkjet printers around us because of the print head clogging. So I took the cam block from the discarded inkjet printer (picture 2), belt (picture 3) and the motor (picture 4 and 5) to make the second-generation machine.

Step 7: (second Generation) My Second-generation Product – Using a Discarded Printer

Because I was the only one making this machine, I did not keep that many pictures of the making process when I made the second-generation one. This one was made from a wasted printer and discarded acrylics with the same controlled circuits from the first generation, but it has a bigger machine frame and motor, which enables it to print bigger things.

Step 8: Engraving Software

In order to enable more people to make their own engraving machines, I created specially-made engraving software. No virus! You can download it freely. But the anti-virus software might report the virus probably because it was written on one's own (QQ328993914 Publisher)

Step 9: Final Products

The machine can engrave many things like plastic, wood, paper, etc.

In the first picture, it is printing pictures on a piece of paper. Compared to a printer, it has no requirement for the paper’s size, shape or texture, and it is more convenient. The second picture shows it printing on the wood. The third picture – on the shell of a pen.

Step 10: Using the Laser Engraving Machine and Electrical Etching to Engrave Metallic Material

Besides wood and paper, with some etching techniques, this engraver could also engrave metals. It is also possible to engrave PCB circuits.

Step 11: Using Laser Engraving Machine to Engrave All Kinds of Stickers

It can also engrave patterns onto all kinds of stickers like wall posters, window decorations and stickers for light-switch decoration. This is the engraving process of one of the stickers.

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    55 Discussions


    2 years ago

    My grandma loves engraving things. He literally engraves his name on everything so that people will know it's his. I'm sure he would absolutely love having a laser engraving machine! I'll look into getting him one. Thanks for sharing.

    Hi 344185151.

    I just tried your software but it is unsuable because it has random characters and symbols everywhere.


    yes But it doesn't very useful because it too slowly

    So the laser from a cd player is powerful enough to engrave metals?

    1 reply

    oh. if you use the cd laser you can only cavy the wood

    I would like to know exactly how this was made, please, so that this can be reproducible by others and myself. And please list the exact components used, which printer motors, which model's lasers, etc. It's great that you made this. But an instructable should tell the reader how to duplicate your results on their own.

    1 reply

    I have already relize this problem .I will add the steps soon .(I will have some exams ,But I will add them as quickly as I could)

    Great project, a great pity it cannot be made with the instructions supplied. I'm not sure how this became a featured project without full instructions being made available.

    5 replies

    I'm glad I'm not the only one that felt this

    In its current state it's informative, but without instructions it isn't an instructable!

    I will change it into a good instructables.Thanks to you let me know what we need to share with(I am a Chinese student,and not good at English.I didn't really understand what'sthe mean of instructables before.I know we need let everybody DIY instead of share my DIY now)

    Have you tried turning the page at the bottom before the replies can't miss it... where it says "(View all steps) (Next>>)