Introduction: led emits light when voltage is applied with correct polarity current through led can be controlled by light.now a days many electrical devices are controlled using light.when light is present devices works else they will switch off.LDR(light dependent resistor) are used for such control.
Step 1: Components:
4. 5v battery
5. 1kilo ohm and 10 kilo ohm resistor
6. Connecting wires and breadboard
Step 2: Connecting Parts:
In the above image we can see the circuit we will construct. It's a simple electronic circuit and if you
know how to do something on a breadboard, you should be able to do that dark sensor.
Remember, the LDR resistance depends on the light you have on the room or where you are
constructing that. If you have light, the LDR resistance is low so, the LED should be turned off. When you obstruct the light that focus on the LDR, the LED should light up.
If for any reason your LED is always lighted up, try to chance the transistor. Switch the Emitter and the Collector. If the problem persist, increase the resistor in the emitter region.
Connect the power source you have to the breadboard. Remember the polarity for connecting red and black wire red wire is for positive supply and black is for ground or negative supply Try your circuit and see what happens. Happy doing :)
i have attach the pdf
want to learn electronics more visit my blog my blog