Make Your Own Li-Ion Battery Pack

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About: Awesome Electronics Tutorials, Projects and How To´s

Intro: Make Your Own Li-Ion Battery Pack

In this project I will show you how to combine common 18650 Li-Ion batteries in order to create a battery pack that features a higher voltage, a bigger capacity and most importantly useful safety measures. These can prevent an overcharge, overdischarge and even a short circuit of the batteries. Let's get started!

Step 1: Watch the Video!

The video gives you all the information you need to make your own Li-Ion battery pack. In the next steps though, I will present you additional, helpful information.

Step 2: Order the Parts!

Here you can find a parts list with example sellers for your convenience.

Ebay:

6x INR18650-25R Li-Ion Battery (USA): http://rover.ebay.com/rover/1/711-53200-19255-0/1?...

6x INR18650-25R Li-Ion Battery (Germany): http://rover.ebay.com/rover/1/707-53477-19255-0/1?...

6x 18650 Spacer: http://rover.ebay.com/rover/1/711-53200-19255-0/1?...

Nickel Ribbon (5mm, 0.15mm): http://rover.ebay.com/rover/1/711-53200-19255-0/1?...

1x XT60 Connector: http://rover.ebay.com/rover/1/711-53200-19255-0/1?...

1x 3S Balance Connector: http://rover.ebay.com/rover/1/711-53200-19255-0/1?...

1x 3S BMS: http://rover.ebay.com/rover/1/711-53200-19255-0/1?...

Kapton Tape: http://rover.ebay.com/rover/1/711-53200-19255-0/1?...

16 AWG Wire: http://rover.ebay.com/rover/1/711-53200-19255-0/1?...

Amazon.com:

6x INR18650-25R Li-Ion Battery:http://amzn.to/2lbWame

6x 18650 Spacer: http://amzn.to/2kC5x24

Nickel Ribbon (8mm, 0.15mm): http://amzn.to/2l7rB5t

1x XT60 Connector: http://amzn.to/2lbQCbu

1x 3S Balance Connector: http://amzn.to/2kGDDBC

1x 3S BMS: http://amzn.to/2jPbNUE

Kapton Tape: http://amzn.to/2lbKcJp

16 AWG Wire: http://amzn.to/2lbPuVt

Amazon.de:

6x INR18650-25R Li-Ion Battery: http://amzn.to/2lbEhUE

6x 18650 Spacer: http://amzn.to/2lc3e2A

Nickel Ribbon (8mm, 0.1mm): http://amzn.to/2lbP2Gv

1x XT60 Connector: http://amzn.to/2lbVsGx

1x 3S Balance Connector: http://amzn.to/2lc1O89

1x 3S BMS: http://amzn.to/2lc3FtK

Kapton Tape: http://amzn.to/2lbVxu2

16 AWG Wire: http://amzn.to/2lbXd5S

Step 3: Do the Wiring!

Now that you have all the required components, it is time to do the wiring. You can use the pictures of my finished battery pack and the scheme from the video as a reference.

Step 4: 3D Print the Enclosure!

Here you can find the 123D file and the stl file of my design which you can use to 3D print your own enclosure.

Step 5: Success!

You did it! You just made your own Li-Ion Battery Pack!


Feel free to check out my YouTube channel for more awesome projects:

http://www.youtube.com/user/greatscottlab

You can also follow me on Facebook, Twitter and Google+ for news about upcoming projects and behind the scenes information:

https://twitter.com/GreatScottLab

https://www.facebook.com/greatscottlab

2 People Made This Project!

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30 Discussions

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SeanG113

9 months ago

And here I tried to solder wires to connect 10 1.2V Li-Ion batteries in series, but the solder kept beading and rolling away!!! I had scratched the terminals with sand paper to try and create more surface area for the solder to grip... aside from apparently risking my eyes, can someone tell me what I did wrong? a why couldn't I solder to the battery terminals directly? Was it the magnetic field?

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SeanG113SeanG113

Reply 9 months ago

Keep in mind that I only started studying electrical engineering a few months ago, on a whim, and so far my experience mostly consists of taking circuits apart carefully, to collect needed equipment. I want to build a wind turbine using neodymium magnets, some bought, others salvaged, and have a few other projects on the go. I managed to salvage a 6V battery from a kids' toy jeep.

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Georgi Markov

1 year ago

can i charge it from boost converter (because im new in these elect. projects with batteries)

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SoLongSidekick

1 year ago

Wow. I can't believe Instructables would feature a project where someone recommends soldering directly to 18650 terminals.

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SoLongSidekickTheDman22554

Reply 1 year ago

Applying that much heat directly to a terminal of a high-discharge battery is always a terrible idea. Besides damaging the battery, you could also have it explode on you.

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hanlin_y

1 year ago

An alternative to soldering to 18650 terminals is soldering to 18650 holders that come with PCB mounts. I prefer balance charging them in a holder because it's convenient and doesn't damage their labels. This is good for high powered bike lights!

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DougL45

1 year ago

great video, thank you!

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kmpres

1 year ago

I always enjoy your Great Scott videos. Very informative, well thought out and neatly executed. I concur about the difficulty of making a spot-welder and using solder instead. As long as careful steps are taken to avoid overheating the cells, soldering works as well or better than spot-welding. I wonder, however, why you included a BMS when you're already using a balance charger? I made a similar instructable recently for an e-bike battery pack that included a balance charger but no BMS because there was no room for one: https://www.instructables.com/id/How-to-Rebuild-a-BionX-E-Bike-Battery-Pack/

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Maarten2900

1 year ago

Thanks Greatscott this is an awesome post!

Correct me if i'm wrong but the cells can be balanced by charging them in all at the same time in a 1S1P configuration with a BMS for that until they are full

If you can easily detach the batteries this is possible. like I can because I bought a holder like they have in RC cars for the cells and did the same wiring as on this post.

Also a perk of this methode is you don't have to risk the batteries exploding on you. and easily replace "bad" batteries.

Make sure though that the batteries are in good contact with the contacts and that they are well attached so they don't go lose.

I will only take out the batteries when I really need to.

- Maarten

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jaswant9

1 year ago

can this battery be used for drones ? as I saw you compared it with lipo and lipo is usually recommened for drones... if yes than what would be the advantages or disadvanteges of this battery over lipo. ?

Great project as always btw....

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lefty9

1 year ago

Think long and hard before soldering a battery terminal - my brother lost his eye that way!

Fantastic, I was looking at making something similar and this will give me great grounding to make a Li-Ion battery myself. Forgive me, I don't mean to disrespect this or your work I really appreciate the effort, time and work you have put into this. I will make it to your specifications and plans - I am just one that always looks to improve and take something to the next step, and for that I may fail! But having said all that, great work and I shall report to you how I got on and just end with a note of great thanks and keep up the good work!

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DylanG40

1 year ago

What is the discharge rate of the battery pack?

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Epimethius

1 year ago

This seems just right for my recumbent trike. 'Bents can use a silly number of lights for visibility. Thank you!

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jtechian

1 year ago

This arrangement is same as most laptop packs, so why go thru all the expense and just get a laptop pack - leave on the BMS it has and add your XT60 connector. All cells in the laptop battery are already spot welded as 3S2P.

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Barkuti

1 year ago

Hello! Some brief comments:

Rajones4 warned against subjecting cells to undue thermal stress, good advice fellows. ¿Sonic welded? WTF? Maybe you meant “spot welded”, Rajones4. That's the industry standard practice.

There are other ways to interconnect batteries. One which I've succesfully used is to attach copper sheet/flattened wires over the terminals with disk shaped neodymium magnets, and affix the stuff with hot glue. If going high current, copper sheet and thick neodymium magnets are advised (higher permeance coefficient and operational temperature, magnet wise). Other possibility is to solder with low temp solders like Rose's Metal (94-98°C), Bi55.5Pb44.5 (maybe a tad high at 124°C), etc.

Cheers