Making a Home Electronic Laboratory - Introduction -

About: Electronics and robotics passionate. As every hobbyist i like to add a personal touch to everything i make. sometimes it happens to be a practical and purely technical addition, sometimes it's an artistic to...

Hi,

I am an electronics and robotics passionate, i am studying embedded systems and to make things fun i built my DIY home laboratory to do experiences and to push some little research based on curiosity and passion.

Starting from this instructable. we are going to discover how to build a fully functional home Laboratory to do all of your DIY projects and especially projects in relation with electronics and robotics.

A series of tutorials will be made in order to finish our Low cost DIY Lab

  • Basics for a home Laboratory
  • Tools/gadgets to make at home (Low cost) : DIY Power Supply
  • Tools/gadgets to make at home (Low cost) : DIY Air Absorber

Extras for Robotics

  • Batteries (types and uses)
  • DIY Battery pack for mobile applications
  • DIY Battery charger
  • DIY Battery Spot Welder

Extras for Computer vision

  • Kinect basic
  • using OpenCV for Python on Raspberry Pi3

Extras for Embedded systems projects

  • Microcontrollers
  • From amateur to professional (Starting with STM32)
  • Designing Circuit Boards

Teacher Notes

Teachers! Did you use this instructable in your classroom?
Add a Teacher Note to share how you incorporated it into your lesson.

Step 1: -- Basics for a Home Laboratory (Tools)

When i was trying to set up my own laboratory, i just started by doing projects and each time i need a specific tool, i go and buy it. the problem here is that most of the time i have to wait for days to get what i want or i had to buy it expensive just to finish the project on time. To avoid that struggle i started making a list of necessary component that are commonly used in projects, and just hunt them whenever i got a chance to find cheap ones.

i used the content of some available tutorials tackling this subject but I tried to gather only the necessary and basic tools that each electronic hobbyist should have.

I tried to gather some kits that i find practical and economic, and also to serve as examples.

1- The placement :

It would be better if you have a spare room to have enough space for big projects. but if not, just a good bench well set up, in the corner of you room (like mine) would do the job.

2- Put your Desk (workbench) against the wall near a power plug and get some power strips.

3- Get a good lighting : you can buy a good Fluorescent light bulb or a White Bright LED Strip.

4- get some plastic boxes/Storage cabinets (multiple sizes) for arranging components

5- get a peg board for space optimization

you can get inspiration from this video :

Gadgets/Tools :

1- A set of cutters and pliers : Cutter/Pliers pack

2- A decent multimeter, preferably 2 : to use one for Voltage and the second for current measurements: MUSTOOL MT108T . some new multimeters can also measure temperature

3- Soldering iron : preferably a decent soldering station.

4- Hot air for some advanced usage (there are soldering station containing hot air)

5- Desoldering pump

6- Solder (standard 60/40 multicore, use thin solders with less than 0.5mm diameter. Solder spool stand and multicore solder wick is also recommended)

7- Flux Pen

Some Soldering kits you can buy :
Package kits : Saike soldering station+ DC Power supply ; soldering kit : DANIU ; Portable kit : Soldering+Multimeter

8- Hot Glue Gun

9- Shrinking tubes/ Electric tape : Kit for isolation

10- Different sizes and types of screw drivers : DANIU ; Raitool

11- Bread board with pre-shaped jumper wires&some alligator cables(a main big one and some small ones for portable projects) link

12- Strip board.

13- Engineering ruler/digital vernier caliper : Practical low cast Caliper

14- tweezers

15- Power sources :

As a beginner it is easy to use old phone chargers (5v DC) or different types of charger that you can get from old machines, you can find mostly 12V DC and 5 V DC.. Or just use a Power supply from an old Computer (3.3v - 12v - 5v)

As you get into advanced projects and experiences you're going to need specific voltages. An appropriate Power Supply is what you need, like this one link, or you can enjoy making one with different personalized options on our next tutorial.

16- Fume extractor : you can get one in order to protect yourself from the soldering fume link or just use a computer fan as i'll be presenting in another tutorial.

17- an Oscilloscope 20Mhz dual channel would be good and not expensive: you can get the oscilloscope as you get advanced in your projects.

Step 2: -- Basics for a Home Laboratory (Components)

Basic components to put into you cabinets :D, and some kits you can get as examples:

1- Resistors in different values (1/4 W) : Kit1 or Kit2 would be good

2- Capacitors in different basic values for digital applications, Kit1 ; Kit2

3- Potentiometers in different values: Kit and Kit2

4- LEDs in different colors : Kit1

5-Rectifier Diodes : Kit1 ; Zener

6- Transistors : a variety of them to match most of the application we might do (BC547 , 2N2222A, IRFZ44N, Kit1)

7- LDRs for light sensing : Link

8- Switches and Buttons

9- 5V Relays : link

10- Timer NE555

11- Op Amps TL072

12- 5V Regulators L7805

13- Power jacks male and female : They are extremely useful for portable projects

14- DC motors (5v .. ) you can get from old CD reader

15- Stepper motor : you can also get them from CD readers

16- a microcontroller: Arduino Uno or Nano

17- Some sensors : Ultrasonic, infrared, Bluetooth ...

There are lot of kits when it comes to arduino you just chose whatever suits you the best depending on your budget and the projects you intend to do : Kit1

18- Retrieving components from old circuit boards and machines is a useful and cheap way to expend you laboratory. and learn how things are made.

Step 3: -- Basics for a Home Laboratory (Bonus)

As part of being an electronics/robotics fan, you are required to build your components/objects by yourself using various types of materials and tools to finish the mechanical part.

Basic material :

  • Get some Wood/hard cardboard.
  • Plexiglass is also an alternative for a nice and good looking project
  • Forex : for fast prototyping

Basic tools

  • Mini Drill machine (for PCBs and finishing touch)
  • Drill machine to make holes in a definite diameter
  • Electric Jigsaw

  • Get protection gloves ans goggles

i hope you like this first instructable, i'll be glad to read your comments or suggestions concerning both the topics or the basics of a home laboratory

Be the First to Share

    Recommendations

    • CNC Contest

      CNC Contest
    • Make it Move

      Make it Move
    • Teacher Contest

      Teacher Contest

    4 Discussions

    0
    None
    WilkoL

    8 months ago

    As you posted this instructable you do have a computer :-) , add an usb oscilloscope to it and you can see what is (or isn't) happening. A (second hand) analog scope is good too, but rather bulky. A decent usb or second hand analog scope can be had for 100 to 150 euro. I have a PicoTech but there are other good brands. Next consider a usb logic analyser, search for a "24 MHz 8CH logic analyser" on Ebay, you can get them for less than 10 euro, free shipping. PulseView is a very good logic analyser program and best of all, it is free. As you are thinking of STM32 microcontrollers, get a few development boards with STM32F103C8 from Ebay, less than 5 euro a piece. Add a ST-Link V2 clone to it and you are good to go. A nice IDE for programming those microcontrollers is Atollic TrueStudio, as of end 2016 a free program. Good luck!

    1 reply
    0
    None
    Anasse08WilkoL

    Reply 8 months ago

    Thank you, sure a computer is the starting point, there are some low cost oscilloscope but a though they wouldn't be much of a help because of the their low frequencies. sure a logic analyser would be a good item to have (i'll add it to the list).
    for microcontrollers, since STMs can be all programmed the same way .... i'll use the one i already have ( a Nucleo board) and the user/reader can apply things depending on his board..... i'll do my best to make it easy for everyone ..... designing your own board (PCB) is also a workshop where we'll be using a microcontroller. and i'm thinking about STMs.

    0
    None
    HajarQ1

    Tip 9 months ago

    Good luck Anass, great JOB, keep going (y)

    1 reply