Introduction: Map With Integrated Distance Meter
This map, with integrated odometer, may not put an end to all those discussions over how far you actually travelled, but will sure elevate the discussions to new levels.
At my rowing club here in Hamburg, we enter every trip we make into the computerised logbook of the club. At any time, you can extract the total distance travelled by any member, and, naturally, it is fun to beat your friends by one or two kilometers. (That should really be nautical miles, but rowers are hopeless landlubbers. Those here in Hamburg anyway.)
After a number of (not altogether unpleasant) discussions over the actual distance covered, I manufactured this gadget. I am perfectly aware of the existence of GPS and other technical marvels that would have solved the problem more accurately, but accuracy (alone) was not the only design goal considered here.
The solution that I finally chose does work nicely when the number of possible routes are restricted, as is the case with the canals of Hamburg (within 1 hour rowing distance from our club).
I hope you will forgive me, but I did not take any pictures during the actual manufacture. Don't worry. Everything is quite obvious to build, once you have seen the close-ups of the finished thing.
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Step 1: Functional Principle: Colour-coded Cord Is Wrapped Around Nails
The basic design idea is quit simple. You take a big piece of plywood, glue a map on it, hammer some 200 nails into it, and then add a colour-coded cord that can be wrapped around the nails.
In my case, the route is restricted to the waterways of Hamburg. The nails are placed at strategic points: where the canal turns, at good landmarks such as bridges, at other watersport clubs.
Step 2: Manufacture of the Nails
As you may have noticed in the previous "step", I did not use actual nails.
I did not want my pins to have heads since that would catch the cord, making it more annoying to unwrap it. Apart from that, I suppose the cord would wear faster if pulled repeatedly from nails with heads.
Since I couldn't figure out who would be interested in completely headless nails, or where one can buy them, and since I just happened to have several metres of shiny, stainless steel 2.5mm rod, and a good cutter for it, I rolled my own.
Since I needed about 200 of them, I put some effort into figuring out how to reduce the time spent on each to a minimum. The pictures below show how I pimped my cutter in order to be able to cut the rod quickly to pieces of (about) the same length.
One end of every nail was then ground flat, with bevelled edges. Once again, this was with the longevity of the cord in mind, but also so that my rowing friends wouldn't hurt themselves every time they come to close to the board.
At first, I thought I would have to drill a hole for every pin, and then hammer them in place with some glue, but then I found out that it was possible to force them in place like a nail, even though they have rather blunt points. I used a small sledge hammer, and the pins did not keep track as well as real nails, but I saved loads of time!
Step 3: Close-up of Fairlead Eye
The eye that brings the cord smoothly to the front (and back again), is standard sailing dinghy equipment. This model is heavy-duty with a stainless steel reinforcement. It looked somewhat rough, so I filed and polished a bit in order to reduce the wear on the cord.
Everything has to be pretty heavy duty, since we row A LOT. (We are talking about more than 100Mm per year. One lap around the earth is just 40Mm, and Hamburg isn't exactly California...)
Step 4: Pull Out Block
In order to keep the cord from disappearing completely into the hole, and to facilitate the pulling out of the cord, the cord was threaded through a small ball bearing block.
The pieces of coloured band was not just added to make things more chic, it also serves as a nice handle to grab when pulling out the cord.
Step 5: Final Touches on the Front
The map is only held in place with wallpaper glue, so I thought it was a good idea to protect its edges with an aluminium frame. Before the frame was screwed in place, the explanatory notes were glued in place. It looks professional, and their edges have to protected too.
Step 6: Secret Magic at the Back
On the flip side of the board all the magic that "sucks" that cord away after use, is hidden.
Gravity needs no batteries, so I opted for a simple tackle with 4-fold advantage and some ballast. It had to be as much as 4-fold, since I did not want the counterweight to appear below the lower edge of the map when at rest. Furthermore, I wanted to be pretty sure that only the most insane of my rowing friends would ever exhaust the capacity of the system. With the current design, you would have to endure 30 km at the oars (sculls) to pull off that trick.
Step 7: Counterweight
For a positive restoring action for the cord -- despite the fact that several ball bearing blocks were used in the system -- 1/2 kg ballast had to be used. I happened to have the necessary amount of lead at hand. If you don't happen to spend some of your time using up diabolo pellets, suitable lead weights might be had at your local angler's shop.
I would really have preferred a small bag over the plastic box shown in the picture, but I needed to pick a container that did not hang down too much. I wanted to maximise the amount of cord the system could swallow with the 4:1 purchase.
More blocks would lead to more friction, so I was reluctant to increase their number.
Step 8: Zero Adjustment
The fixed part of the cord isn't tied down directly. A few loops of string between the cord and the mounting point makes the zero point of the system easier to trim accurately.
Step 9: Block Leading the Cord Through the Reinforced Eye.
This was cheaper than buying a special block. Most of the construction are made of stuff I already had at home, so every piece of extra luxury would have increased the cost considerably. At least in relation to the total cost :-)
The below construction was originally meant to hold a normal single-sheave block. Being very small, lacking ball bearing, and at the point of the largest transverse forces in the system, it proved to be a major source of friction. In order to reduce the overall friction of the system to acceptable levels, I finally had to replace this block by the sheave - with integrated ball bearing - shown in the picture.
Step 10: Addendum: About the Cord
I have been asked to give more information about the cord I have used, partly because people have found it hard to find the right type.
The cord should fulfil a number of possibly conflicting requirements:
- Due to the popularity of the Qualometer, the cord must be hard-wearing.
- Its surface should absorb a reasonable amount marker pen ink.
- The cord should not stretch (with age).
- It may not be too thick, since you must be able to wrap it more than once around a pin, and since a thick cord would measure tight corners incorrectly.
- The cord must be flexible so that it runs with low friction through the system.
The cord I used was dug up from my private stash of high performance sailing dinghy leftovers. In this case a spool of “Kevlar Lidseline”, a 1.7 mm thick, aramid-enforced cord from Roblon. This product was specially designed for a special purpose, lashing the sail to the mast on Opti dinghies.
Since I bought that 10 m spool, Roblon has sold its yacht rope division. It is called Robline, but today's descendant to the original “Kevlar Lidseline” is no longer suitable for a Qualometer. Product developments have reduced the diameter to a rather anorectic 0.8 mm.
Robline no doubt has some other suitable product in its range, as would any other reputable yacht rope producer such as Marlow or Liros. If you live in a city with a lot of sailing dinghy activity, you should be able to find some specialist store with all the gadgets needed for getting wet in style.
Hamburg is not one of those cities, but the rowers there can try their luck at Hamburger Tauwerk Fabrik before resorting to some internet-based shop.