# Matrix Sound Machine: Generative Music With a Particle System

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This project is a part of experiments done while doing an artist in residence at Instructables. You can see the other projects here.

Creating emergent patterns that can be converted into sounds fascinates me. So this is my first experiment in building an arduino platform for creating such patterns. This version uses a Gameduino as its sound processor and uses particles that bounces around on a led matrix as the interactive sound generators. You can add more particles by pressing the joystick down for two seconds and the joystick serves as a drawing pen to create elements for the particles to bounce on.

As you can see in the video the code is still a little crude and only the first proof of concept for the platform.

Of similar projects I would recommend you look into: Bloom an iPhone app made by brian Eno and Otomata by earslap.

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## Step 1: Components Needed

The following componets are needed:
• Prototyping shield.
• Joystick
• Wires.
• Led Matrix.
• Wooden box (I got mine from the container store in San Francisco).
• Female Jack.
• Audio wire.
• Pieces of scrap wood.
• Semi transparent Acrylic plate.

The electronics can be done with basic soldering tools. The enclosure was made with a laser cutting some acrylics and a drillpress to make holes in the wooden box

## Step 2: Mount the Led Matrix

Adafruit has made a toturial for how to wire up the led matrix. You can find it here. Please refer to how I wired it up in diagram in step 1. If you are going to wire it up according to the Adafruit toturial (see the picture with the jumper wires), then Red = 5v, Black = Ground, White = Pin3, Orange = pin4, Yellow = pin5.

If you want to use your own custom pins you should change this section in the code:

#define DATA 4
#define WR 5
#define CS 3

## Step 3: Connect the Joystick

As shown in the diagram Xout is connected to analog 4, You connect to analog 3 and button (sel) is connected to analog 2. A 10k resistor is connected from analog 2 to ground - this functions as a pull down resistor.

## Step 4: Upload the Code

There are lots of tutorials which already explains how to program an Arduino and they do a much better job than I could. So I will just give you a couple of links:

The 3 things that usually cause trouble:
• On windows you have to install the proper drivers (sometimes also on mac).
• Remember to select the right serial port in the gui.
• Remember to select the right board in the gui.

• Connect the Arduino board to the computer via usb.
• Move the libraries in the libraries folder into your Arduino libraries folder. If you do not know how to this please refer to this toturial
• Upload the code to the Arduino board.

## Step 5: Debug With Guino

I am using Guino to visualize the code. Guino is a new program to visualize data coming from the arduino board and it enables you to calibrate it on the fly.

You can find the the instructable here on how to use it. It is really simple to get up and running and it enables you to control some of the internal values. Download the program from here and run the program (you have already installed the libraries in the previous steps.

## Step 6: Make an Enclosure

To make the enclosure I did the following steps:
• Laser cut the acrylic plate based illustrator template found here
• Drill a hole in the enclosure for the jack connector.
• Drill a square hole for the Arduino usb board.
• Cut a couple of pieces of square wood in the right thickness to mount the matrix and the joystick.
• Connect an audio wire from the GameDuino to the jack connector (or you can of course just use the jack connector mounted on the GameDuino.

Drilling a square hole:
Drilling a square hole in a wooden box has proven to be a tricky task. I have yet to find the perfect solution for it. My solution in this case was to use a drill press, a tiny drill bit and a larger drill bit.

Start out by marking with a pen the approximate area where the hole should be. Then drill many, many tiny holes inside this area. Since it can be tricky to get the precise placement of the square hole I usually compare it to the arduino board to see what areas I am missing. When you have drilled enough holes for the wood to be porous then use the larger drill bit to remove all the loose bits.

I would love to hear if anybody has a better way to do this?

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## 15 Discussions

Has anybody tried to make this project recently? I am having trouble with it and would like to know if a gameduino board will be needed or if the arduino board will do everthing.

two questions
1. Is it suppose to start on it's own or does it need a command to start?
2. Where does the female audio jack attach to?
thanks

Hi, great instructable.

Regarding your square hole question, I know of two methods:

Firstly, there is a machine designed for cutting square holes for mortise and tenon joints. Imagine a drill bit surrounded by four chisels, that's basically it. The hole will be perfectly square.

Secondly, a far more home-friendly option. Drill a hole, the diameter of which should match the length of the side of the square you wish to drill. Then proceed to square it off using a sharp chisel. It's extremely easy to do, especially with the thicknesses of wood you are using here. In thin wood the results will be very good, though not as good as can be achieved with a mortiser as described above. In thicker stock, the chisel has a habit of wandering, so results will be less good with the second method. The first method is largely unaffected.

5 replies

There's another method, you can actually drill square (or other multi-sided) holes with a special bit(s). just google 'drill square hole'

Indeed, I believe it is based on the releaux triangle. The system is rather expensive unless you have one size hole that you wish to drill.

Indeed, I believe it is based on the releaux triangle. The system is rather expensive unless you have one size hole that you wish to drill.

"machine designed for cutting square holes for mortise and tenon joints."

Interesting - Do you know what it is called? Links?

Have to try the chisel solution.

have you messed around with giving each particle to its own note, which is triggered every time it hits a surface? Then you could pick out a bunch of notes from one chord and have a kind of generative arpeggiated chord played out when the particles are bouncing around.
Also check out the pentatonic scale:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pentatonic_scale
tends to sound pretty good no mater what you do with it.

I'm also very interested in seeing a video of this. The pictures are fantastic but I think I need a vid to really understand what it does.

2 replies

Managed to upload a lower resolution video through the free wifi at San Francisco airport.

Hey yes uploading videos within the next two days. Just need to travel across the ocean. So 20 hours until I have decent internet again.

Right now the software is crude. It not there yet, but has the potential to become something interesting. You will see when I upload the video.

The gameDuino is a pretty good sound generator so it is "merely" a matter of programming something interesting.

Can you make videos of this (and your other boxes) in operation? It looks really cool, but I can't tell what it sounds like.

2 replies

Managed to upload a lower resolution video through the free wifi at San Francisco airport.

The gameDuino is quite powerful, I have programmed a little experiment video. Videos shortly - see above.