This tutorial was contributed by Luke Tan from Raffles Institution.
Step 1: Pre Build Overview
In this project, we will create a simple space shooter game where you have to try to shoot and avoid falling projectiles.
Step 2: Materials:
Step 3: Goals
Learn to use the ADKeyboard.
Learn basic game programming.
Step 4: Components
First of all, plug in the ADKeypad. Ensure the colours match and take note of what pin you plug them into as it will be relevant later.
We’ll need to add a package of code to be able to use our kit components. Click on Advanced in the Code drawer to see more code sections and look at the bottom of the Code Drawer for Add Package.
This will open up a dialog box. Copy and paste the following link into the Add Package… text field: https://pxt.microbit.org/50544-64675-33322-24641. Click on the search icon or press enter, then click on the Tinkercademy button. Note: If you get a warning telling you some packages will be removed because of incompatibility issues, either follow the prompts or create a new project in the Projects file menu.
Step 5: Coding
At the beginning of our code, we will need to initialise the variables we will use: playerscore for the current player’s score, noalien as a storage of whether or not there are aliens currently on the screen, hi for the current highscore, gamestart to keep track of what state the game is currently in, destroyedpos as an array to store where the player collided with an alien, shots to store the position of the shots that the player has shot, aliens to store the positions of the aliens, pos to keep track of the player’s current position, toprow to store if there is an alien currently in each position of the top row, as well as a few temporary variables. We will need to use all these variables later.
This function, unrendership, turns off the LEDs that represents our spaceship. We will use this to move the spaceship around.
This function, rendership, turns on the LEDs that represents our spaceship. After using unrendership, we can update the player’s position then use rendership to change the spaceship’s position.
This function, unrendershots, turns off the LEDs that represents the player’s fired shots. Similarly, we will use this function to update the positions of the shots.
This function, rendershots, turns on the LEDs that represents the player’s fired shots. Similar to unrendership and rendership, after using unrendershots, we can update the shots’ positions then use rendershots to change all fired shots’ position.
To start the game, we detect if the player pressed the “A” button on the ADKeypad and the value of gamestart is 0. If so, we set the value of gamestart to 1 to signify that the game has started, reset the player’s position to the centre, set the player’s score to 0, turn off all the LEDs on the screen then render the ship using the function we made earlier.
Finally, if the value of gamestart is 1, the player is currently playing the game! At the start of each loop, we turn off the LEDs of each shot the player fires, since they need to move upwards by 1 position. We use the Math.random() function to randomly determine if we should spawn an alien this frame. You can lower the number to make game harder, or increase the number to make it easier. Here, the value we use is 15, which means that there is a 1/15 chance that an alien will spawn every loop. However, we need to check that the top row of the column we want to spawn in is not occupied, or there will be overlapping aliens! Next, we loop through the aliens and move them downwards by 1 position every 5 times the forever loop runs. If an alien enters the top row, we set the value of toprow of that column to 1, and if an alien leaves the top row, we set it to 0.
Then, we check if each alien is outside the screen, and, if it is, we remove it from our aliens array. Lastly, if there are no aliens on screen, we spawn an alien in the same was we would if it spawned from the 1/15 chance.
After updating the aliens’ positions, we check for collisions, then update the shots’ positions. Then, we spawn a shot if the player pressed the D button on the ADKeyboard. After that, we remove any shots which are outside the screen.
Finally, we check if the player has pressed the C or E keys on the ADKeyboard, and update the ship’s position accordingly. After that, we render the shots that the player has fired, then set a pause of 0.08 seconds per loop so that the game advances at a playable speed. Save your tired fingers and download the code. https://makecode.microbit.org/_euRV3uHYJAfx
Step 6: Using It
Playing the game is very simple. Just use the A button on the ADKeyboard to start the game, use the C and E buttons to move and the D key to shoot the aliens!
Voila! Time to have some old fashioned arcade fun with your new space shooter. What high score can you reach?
Step 7: Source
This article is from: https://www.elecfreaks.com/12421.html
If you have any questions, you can contact： firstname.lastname@example.org.