MoonLight

About: Jack passed away May 20, 2018 after a long battle with cancer. His Instructables site will be kept active and questions will be answered by our son-in-law, Terry Pilling. Most of Jack's instructables are tu...

This project uses an RGB LED to display the phases of the moon. The light is off for a new moon. For a waxing the light is white and gets brighter every day. On the full moon the light is magenta. Then for a waning moon the light is yellow and gets dimmer every day.

Parts list:

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Step 1: Build It

Follow the photo and the diagram to build the circuit.

The longest lead on the LED is the anode. It connects to red wire.

The 330 Ohm resistors connect to the red and green leads and the 680 Ohm resistor connects to the blue lead.

This RGB LED is a common anode LED meaning the anode needs to be connected to positive voltage and the cathodes are connected to the pins. Take care obtaining the LED because there are also common Cathode RGB LEDs available. I used the common anode variety because I think they are more common.

Step 2:

Copy the following code into the Arduino IDE:

/***********************************************************
 * Filename: MoonLight.ino by JRV31
 * 
 * Uses an RGB LED to display the correct phase of the moon.
 * Off = new moon
 * White = waxing moon 
 * Magenta = full moon
 * Yellow = waning moon
 * 
 * To find current day in the moon's cycle go to 
 * http://www.calendar-365.com/moon/moon-calendar.html
 * and count from zero starting at the prevoius new moon 
 * until today's date.
 * Your answer goes in the day variable.
 * (The first line of the code.)
 * 
 ***********************************************************/ 

int day = 0; // Day in moon cycle, new moon = 0.

int time = 86400000; // 24 hours = 86400000

int led[3] = {9,10,11}; // Array for the RGB LED.

int brit[29] = {255,254,253,252,251,249,247,243,239,231,223,207,191,159,
               96,0,96,127,159,191,207,223,231,239,243,247,249,252,254};

void setup()
{
  for(int i = 0; i < 3; i++)
  { 
    pinMode(led[i], OUTPUT); // RGB LED setup for output.
  }
}  

void loop()
{
  if(day==15)
  {
    analogWrite(led[0], brit[day]); //magenta
    analogWrite(led[2], brit[day]);
  } 
  else if(day>15)
  {
    analogWrite(led[0], brit[day]); //yellow
    analogWrite(led[1], brit[day]);
  }
  else
  {
    analogWrite(led[0], brit[day]); //white
    analogWrite(led[1], brit[day]);
    analogWrite(led[2], brit[day]);
  }
  delay(time);
  for(int i=0; i<3; i++) digitalWrite(led[i], HIGH); // all off
  day++;
  if(day==29) day=0;
}

To find current day in the moon's cycle go to

http://www.calendar-365.com/moon/moon-calendar.html

and count from zero starting at the prevoius new moon until today's date. Your answer goes in the day variable. (The first line of the code.)

It takes a full cycle of the moon to go through the program, so to test it change the time variable (the second line of the code) to 500 to test.

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    Discussions

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    JRV31

    3 years ago

    Please vote for me in the LED contest.

    And be sure to check out my Arduino collection here:

    https://www.instructables.com/id/Beginning-Arduino/