Motorcycle Lowers (low Deflectors)




About: Architect

Tis the season, once again, to make something for my motorcycle to compensate for the cold weather.
I've been thinking about these for a few years and just didn't get around to making them.

Lowers are deflectors that mount to the forks and deflect the wind away from your legs and keep it from kicking up under the windshield and into your face.

The solution I came up with is fairly simple; easily acquired materials and hand tools will get the  job done.

Before you start, read all of the directions and look at your bike to determine what adjustments in materials you may need for the size and mounting conditions you need to work with. 

If you plan ahead and purchase all the materials you need, you can complete these in about an hour.

Lastly, there will always be those that think these are not finished enough to put on their bike. So don't.
My bike is strictly for commuting and running errands. It is a workhorse and not a show piece (although it still looks pretty good.
I commute down to about 18 degrees F, so I'm more interested in utilitarian concerns during the winter than looks.
That being said, these things are a nice compliment to the windshield and homemade hand deflectors (see other Instructable).

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Step 1: Materials and Tools

The following materials were obtained from the local Home Depot and Ace Hardware stores and can be obtained at pretty much any big box or neighborhood chain hardware  store.
  • Lexan polycarbonate sheet: I needed (2)pieces about 17" x 5". I purchased a .093" thick 12" x 24" sheet for around $13 from Home Depot..
  • Aluminum angle: I needed (2) pieces about 17" long. I purchased a 3/4" x 3/4" x 1/16" x 36" piece of aluminum angle for around $7 from Ace.
  • Adjustable straps: I needed (4) straps for approx. 3" diameter application. I purchased (4) stainless steel adjustable straps for about $2.40 each from Ace.
  • Machines screws, washers and lock nuts: I purchased #10-24 x 1/2" stainless steel machine screws, washers and lock nuts from Home Depot.
  • Cardboard for making a template
  • Old bicycle inner tube
  • Some kind of tape - Optional
  • Piece of rubber bungee cord (to act as spacer) - Optional
The following tools were used:
  • Jigsaw for cutting Lexan
  • Hacksaw for cutting aluminum angle
  • Drill (I used a drill press) for drilling aluminum angle and Lexan
  • Sheet metal shears for cutting adjustable straps
  • Files for smoothing cut edges of Lexan, smoothing cut ends of aluminum angle, elongating the drilled holes in angle to make slots, smoothing cut edges of straps
  • Dremel tool for elongating the drilled holes in angle to make slots
  • Screwdriver for adjusting straps
  • Writing implement (I used a Sharpie)

Step 2: Making a Template and Cut the Lowers

I cut a rectangle of cardboard the approximate size of the lowers I wanted and held it against the fork to get a sense for how big the things wanted to be.

Next, I cut that into a shape that I thought would be appropriate. It was a little wider at the top (about 4 3/4") than at the bottom (about  2 1/2") and held it against the fork to confirm that was the right profile I wanted. I Started a little long figuring that I could always cut it down later.

I traced the pattern onto the Lexan and cut it out with a jigsaw. Use a file to smooth off the edges.

Step 3: Making the Angle Supports

Originally, I was going to use a fairly thick piece of Lexan or acrylic held to the forks with some sort of strap, however, the Lexan available at the Depot was fairly thin. This was the same stuff I used to make my hand wind deflectors.

Since the lowers can only hard connect to the upper stationary portion of the fork and I wanted them to extend down past the lower section, I figured the thin Lexan would need something to support its length. Hence the aluminum angle.

I cut the angle slightly shorter than the Lexan and marked where the attachment (adjustable strap) points would mount to the upper portion of the fork. Next, I drilled a series of adjacent holes the length of what I wanted for a slot to fit the adjustable strap through. The holes went right up against the vertical leg of the angle.

I then used the Dremel tool for grinding away the bits between the drilled holes and finished them up with a files to make a nice slot.

Next I drilled (3) holes in each angle for mounting the Lexan to the angle.

Step 4: Fitting the Lexan to the Supports

Next, hold the Lexan pieces in place on the angle and mark the (3) drilled hole locations and the (2) slot locations.

Drill (3) holes in the Lexan for the bolts and cut / file away the edge of the Lexan at the slots

Remove protective covering and bolt the Lexan to the aluminum angle using stainless steel machine screws, washers and lock nuts.

Step 5: Adjustable Straps

Wrap a piece of paper around the fork leg and mark the circumference, before you buy your materials, to determine what size strap you will need.

Temporarily fit the adjustable strap around the fork, allowing for a little extra thickness for the inner tube (see next step) and mark the amount of excess strap that can be cut off and discarded. Also determine which portions of the strap would benefit from the liquid rubber and mark the strap accordingly. File the sharp edges.

Step 6: Final Assembly

Cut pieces off of an old bicycle inner tube. If you don't have one, go to the local bike shop and they'll give you one from the trash. Wrap the pieces of inner tube around the fork where the straps will go. I used Gorilla Tape to hold it in place.

Since the part of teh fork above the mounting section was a slightly larger diameter, I had an approx. 1/8" dimension the I had to hold the angle off of the fork in order to clear an upper section of fork. Your condition may vary. I could have added extra inner tube, but I chose to cut off sections of a rubber bungee strap to act as a spacer and cushion between the aluminum angle and the fork leg.

Clamp them on and adjust as necessary.

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    30 Discussions


    7 years ago on Introduction

    very nice indeed! some of the local bikers might pay you for a set of these.. as for staying warm, i used military cold weather mittens. i used a scarf and cut it down and put my head through the hole to cover my face. i wore a field jacket or a flight suit. it worked reasonably well. we did not have heated gloves in my day, wish we did, lol. .

    1 reply

    Reply 3 months ago

    I have made these lowers for my 08 c50t
    Love em.....easy build and cost was great..thanks much...


    1 year ago

    That is a kick ass job my friend! I mean the lowers look great, your instructions were spot on and pics along the way were great. Very, very nice job on this project.


    4 years ago on Introduction

    Great job, looks professional, definitely going to do this on my Suzuki C50T, after riding this bike for a few weeks I knew I didn't like a windshield (previous bikes had fairings) no one makes lowers for C50T. But now I do, this may save the $500+ for a fairing, Thanks.


    6 years ago on Step 6

    Hi! I've made your hand deflectors a couple years ago and love them; now I'm finding I need the knee deflectors too. Do you find that the thin Lexan does the job well enough?

    1 reply

    Reply 6 years ago on Step 6

    I have had no problem with the thin material.
    It does not deflect and has held up well.


    7 years ago on Introduction

    Pretty, and smart.

    May I suggest that if You want it almost airtight against the fork, You may mount the Lexan on the outer side of the aluminium angle, with a full lenght metal strip between screw-head and Lexan to ease the mounting pressure?

    The inner side of the deflectors can be cut to fit around clamps and lower fork quite tight.


    7 years ago on Introduction

    Great Job, Very good looking..
    I did something like it on an old Suzuki 750 "Water Buffalo".
    I mounted some house siding on the crashbars and then made a collector from the radiator to (2) 3" hose run up into the Faring to bring heat up to my hands
    Made for much nicer winter riding.

    1 reply

    7 years ago on Introduction

    You should probably make a "How to survive motorcycling in 18 F " instructable, it could come really useful to me.

    Really man, how?

    4 replies

    Reply 7 years ago on Introduction

    I agree with Tumunga.
    Full face helmet (I usually ride with the shield open because I wear eyeglasses and they tend to fog up with the shield closed, even though I use anti-fogging coatings)
    Motorcycle jacket (Joe Rocket Alter Ego - best) over top of polar fleece and dress shirt (layers)
    Overpants (First Gear) over dress pants (layers)
    Over-the-ankle boots
    Wool socks with dress pants tucked into them (keep the wind from blowing up your pant legs)
    I have heated Gerbing gloves. All other gloves I have tried (a lot) didn't do it for me below like 28 degrees for my commute. They were either too bulky to use controls or didn't provide the warmth I needed. My commute is 40 minutes of stop and go, so lots of time on the brakes and clutch, hence, cold fingertips. Therefore,heated grips wouldn't work for me.
    Toes and finger tips are the extremities that are hardest to keep warm.


    Reply 7 years ago on Introduction

    Thanks guys, and what about the tires? Do regular tires not get too hard and slippery at low temperatures?

    How I went the last time in 2011 (too cold for me later) :

    2 bandanas, large one over the bottom of the face and neck, smaller one on the neck
    a vest, a shirt, a sweatshirt or something similar ( regular clothing ) and a normal motorcycle jacket ( double layer )
    thermo pants ( not very thermo, only thin ones, so I do not cook myself during the day )
    jeans, skiing pants
    regular socks, skiing thermo socks, regular trainers.

    I am not an old motorcycler or something, I just started -
    I got my license in the summer and my Suzuki 125 Marauder in September/October maybe, done 2000km since.
    So your advice is appreciated, thanks.

    And, not to be so off-topic: You wrote, that someone may find these not finished enough - well, I think they are perfectly OK. From the picture I would guess those are original, straight from the factory. So good work.


    Reply 7 years ago on Introduction

    Just got home from work.
    23 degrees here in Phila.
    The tires don't seem to be an issue, although I've often wondered about that myself.


    Reply 7 years ago on Introduction

    I've found if you keep your head covered with a full face helment, it takes a lot of the unbearable part of the cold away. Cold hands are easy to deal with (I use army surplus arctic mittens with wool liners) and dress in layers. You'd be suprised how much cold you can take on the old motorcycle.

    I have a 2003 Victory, and you betcha this is on the winter project list. Right now, without lowers, I get so much air coming up from underneath the windshield, at highway speeds, I can rest my arm on the air like it's sitting on the edge of a table.


    7 years ago on Introduction

    You are my freakin' hero! I have the same bike and frozen hands and legs. High five, dude!

    1 reply

    7 years ago on Step 6

    But if the top and bottom are different sizes, does the lower go into the upper as normal? If so how do they work? Does the plastic bend or does the mount slide up and down the leg when you go over a bump?

    1 reply

    Reply 7 years ago on Introduction

    The mount is only strapped to the portion of the fork that is stationary.
    The lower leg of the fork moves up and down into the section I mounted these to.
    The metal angle allows the lower portion of the deflectors to "cantilever" past the bottom edge of the fixed fork section and "float" past the moving fork section.