How to Levitate using electromagnetic combustion engine
Step 1: Intro
In this instructables am going to show you a practical approach to levitation, before we dive in let me just briefly explain what LT2G is all about. Basic rule of flight is derived from newton's firs law of motion push and get push back. All form of flight known to man use the same underling principle, from spaceship to mini craft such as drones including current levitation technology, it all boils down to the heart of the engine.What makes this new breed unique is it's ability to levitation as a form o flight like a drone on steroid, rather then fight to upload a subject. The base station has always been the limiting factor in defying gravity without it the subject is free to move unlimited. LT2G is an electromagnetic combustion engine designed to levitate, levitation it's self is a result of electromagnetic vibration to lift it upwards see theoretical video, quite freckly the LT2G is a reverse engineering to a typical combustion engine instead of combustion to spin the wheel it uses horsepower to combust. As much as much as it's made for flight but the working mechanism is unknown as of yet.
This is an ongoing project so you are welcome to make some tinkering of your own,the hole objective of this instructables is to get you tinkering rather then a spoon feed, for terms and condition of levitation check out m blog post Laws Of Levitation with that been said lets get down to it.
Step 2: Components
If you had read my Mechatronis blog post i had mentioned that i used practical components to my disposal so to get your components first you gonna need a milk shake from MacDonald no kidding, one that comes with a thick straw while you at it pick up 3 lolly pop, 3 click pens ones with a spring inside some rubber bands the ones that are used to wrap bank notes 3 of that will do, supper glue and most importantly magnets and enameled copper wire of course power source 12volt battery the higher the amp the better finally screws will need about 6 of that.
Step 3: Structure
The structure is not symbolic it's great for balance before we put the components together lets focus on buliding a civil structure.
First thing first the material used, Aluminum would be the optimum material but for this project i used package cushioning the once used to protect fragile items during shipment. see the pictures above i didn't use any measurements to be precise you can always do measurements of your own whats most important is that you get a star like structure.
Step 4: Piston
The piston is the part that's going to apply moving force(momentum) to the stationary spring loaded tube. I discovered that there are two methods to do that.
1.attaching the screw to one end of the lolly pop stick, note that the screw is merely to give the piston surface area to have optimum energy transfer between the piston and the spring when they collide.
2.Pierce a hole middle of the lolly pop stick and insert a rubber band throughout ,note the rubber band must be able to be tide at the top without being stretched.the more its stretched the more stronger the hit but it requires powerful magnetic force to pull it down.
3. Glue the bar magnets on the other end of the lolly pop stick.
The up and downside to this method is there's gonna be high acceleration with little mass that effects momentum considering how much weight does the enameled wire wight.
Step 5: Spring Loaded Tube
Remember the MacDonald's straw cut that in half attache the screw on one side of the spring you got from the click pens and glue the other side of the spring to the metal plate(if it fits the shape it will do) and load it inside the tube then glue the plate to the straw. Pierce a hole on the top of the structure so that the tube can go in then glue the plate to the structure.
Step 6: Electromegnet
For you to make a powerful electromagnet here's are some guide lines to keep in mind.
-Long electromagnets are weaker then short one. Here i kept my electromagnet short and think
-The wider the radius the weaker is the force.
-Steel core makes the electromagnet strong ,in this case the core is occupied, so i places the steel on the side of the straw, Note you at least need three row of winding before placing the steel or else there will be an interference between the bar magnet inside and the steel outside.
When placing the bar magnet in the electromagnet make sure it's in repel mode(current direction), the piston should be repelled downwards so the rubber band can stretch and pull it back the piston when the electromagnet is off.
Electromagnets gets really hot depending on the gauge of wire used 0.8 mm wire will do but it's important to put a heat sink between the tube and the electromagnet, a thin plate of aluminium cut to size from a coke bottle will do the trick.
Step 7: Relay and 555 Timer
Since we are using more then one piston a single pole double pole relay will do the trick.The relay's job is to switch the electromagnets on and off at different intervals(see how to connect a relay pic), so when the center electromagnet is On the two crossing will be Off and when the center goes Off the other two go On creating a vibration as the piston hits the spring with every Off there is a combustion(Lift) and with every On there's is an exhaustion. Once again frequency id key the 555 timer's acts as time delay it's job is to increase or decrease frequency .here's a good instructables on setting up the 555 in astable mode. 555 Timer
This is an ongoing project for updates find me on twitter. questions, tips and comments are welcome