Introduction: Old Sewing Machines Are Hidden Treasures!
Old sewing machines are an undiscovered TREASURE! They are very easy to learn on, hard to break, easy to maintain and can be purchased cheaply or are sometimes even FREE!
Old sewing machines are great to learn on for people from 12 years old and up (and younger if supervised carefully!)
Using one of these old sewing machines is the best way to learn to sew inexpensively.
With a little cleaning and learning you can be sewing your own awesome creations in just hours!
This instructable will show you some basics about old sewing machines and tell you places to look for more information. Are you ready to sew? The treasures are all around you!
Step 1: Where Can I Find These Great Machines?
I love http://www.craigslist.org for finding old sewing machines, but you can also find them in second hand shops and garage sales and sometimes even in a family member's closet :)
Look for a machine that doesn't have a lot of damage and always ask for the electric cord, foot pedal, owner's manual and all the accessories. Sometimes you might not get all of these things but the foot pedal and electric cord can be hard to track down so I never buy a machine without them.
Ask to plug the machine in and make sure it works. If you have to test it manually by turning the flywheel, remember to turn it toward you (counter clockwise).
It is nice to get a lot of accessories with your machine but you don't need them to learn with. Just the basics will work fine for most sewing.
You can bring some scraps of fabric and some thread with you to test the machine. If the owner has the machine threaded, keep the thread on so that you can see how it is supposed to be threaded (if there is no manual).
If a friend or family member is giving or selling you the machine, ask them for a few lessons!! Offer to do something for them if they will teach you :)
If you can watch video on the internet, this page has good information about the differences in sewing machines and what the parts are called: http://www.quilt-video.com/sewing-machine-tutorial/
Step 2: Safety!
It is VERY important to understand that the needle moves up and down fast and you MUST keep your fingers and hands away from it!
If you have to learn on your own, please take the needle out of the machine, take the bobbin out and take the thread off and then learn to use the foot pedal.
Just plug in the machine and learn how to control the foot pedal. Practice going very slowly. A good seamstress doesn't sew at top speed very often! It's okay to sew very slowly. The stitches still form and you will keep yourself safe as you learn to feed the fabric under the presser foot and the needle.
If you can, please get someone with some sewing experience to watch you and teach you. You might even trade - offer to do something for them if they will teach you to sew :)
Step 3: First Things First :)
Before you plug in your machine to use it you need to do a few things and learn a few things. Just like driving - you can't just jump into a car and expect to drive off without learning how to drive and making sure that there is fuel in the tank.
Luckily you don't need a sewer's permit!
It helps a lot to know how a machine works and also how to maintain one. If your machine came with an owner's manual please read it and follow the instructions for cleaning and oiling your machine. This will help you learn how it works and will make you confident about using your machine.
If you don't have the machine manual sometimes you can find your machine's manual for sale on the internet for just a few dollars. Try here if you need to do that http://www.sewingmanuals.com/
If you didn't get a manual, there is a set of 5 videos here you can watch to learn how to clean almost any machine: http://www.quilt-video.com/sewing-machine-maintenance/.
If you can't watch video on your computer, and you can afford it, you can take your machine to a sewing machine repair shop for cleaning. If you can't afford that, it is still easy to figure out if you take the major cover plates off of the sewing machine (wherever you see a screw holding one on) especially in the bobbin area, and just start cleaning out dust and lint with Q-Tips and tweezers. Oil any parts that move except any belts or rubber parts. Test to see if they move by turning the flywheel toward you (counter clockwise).
Sometimes your local library will have books on sewing machine maintenance or there will be a chapter in a general sewing book that teaches machine maintenance.
**new** There is a group on Yahoo.com that is dedicated to fixing up old sewing machines! The group is called WeFixIt
Step 4: Setting Up Your Machine
One of the reasons that you can find these old machine in perfect working order is that they were put in really badly designed cabinets.
Take your machine out of the cabinet and set it up somewhere that is comfortable for you. You should not have to lift your arms or shoulders to reach your machine and the needle should be centered in front of you. Here's a video about sewing machine ergonomics: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hbmQ2riM7Yo
It can help to put a gripper mat or double stick tape on the bottom of the foot pedal so that it doesn't slide.
It is important to buy and use the right parts for your machine. Different machines use different types of needles and different sized bobbins. You need to find out if your machine uses a flat back needle and also the size of bobbin. Sewing stores like local "sew and vacuum" shops and also JoAnns or Walmart sell some supplies but be sure you are buying the right items for your machine. If possible, take a needle and bobbin that is already from your machine with you if you are shopping for more so that you can see that you are buying the right items.
Step 5: Learning to Sew :)
There are many ways to learn to sew. If you like to learn by yourself you can check out books from the library and learn a lot about fabrics, threads, patterns, sewing terms, and sewing techniques.
You can join a group (Girl Scouts, Camp Fire Girls) and ask them to teach sewing classes. You can see if your local sewing sales and repair shop teaches sewing. Your Community Schools might have sewing classes.
There are videos on YouTube about learning to sew - Threadbangers is a popular channel on YouTube for younger people who want to learn to make easy and useful projects.
Step 6: Fabrics, Needles, Threads and More
Your local library should have books that can teach you about different kinds of fabrics. Knowing about different fabrics can help you make the very best sewing projects! You can bring your sewing book with you as you explore fabric shops, learning the texture of cottons, polyesters, silks, rayons and more. You can take your book to second hand shops to help you identify and buy garments that you can re-purpose into new garments.
Threads are different too and it helps a lot to understand how different threads can help your sewing projects.
There are many sizes of needles that are made for special fabrics and threads.
If you can find a book or a teacher that has used many different materials and can teach you about them then you will find your sewing to be much easier!
Step 7: The Three Most Common Problems
There are three things that cause the most problems in sewing. The first is that the machine is not threaded correctly (top thread or bobbin). It's really important to thread the machine the right way. Use the owner's manual for the machine if you have it, or search the internet for instructions for your machine.
The second is the tension. The tension on the top thread and the bobbin can *and SHOULD* be adjusted when you change threads. Your top thread should pull easily through the needle when the presser foot is UP and the bobbin should drop slightly when shaken to test the bobbin tension (if you have a vertical bobbin). Here are some good links to videos about bobbin tension. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0bXrK457ENUhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1MaOWct81Fw
The last thing is stray threads. A clean machine is important, free of lint, dust and loose threads in the bobbin area. When sewing you should hold both threads back away from the machine as you begin to sew and bringing up the bobbin thread to the top of your project is a good habit to get into.
Most problems with sewing can be solved by cleaning and oiling the machine, taking all the thread off and the bobbin out and re-threading the entire machine. Sometimes a thread has jumped a guide or there is the tiniest bit of lint holding things up and that gets cleared out when you re-thread the machine.