Hi guys! To start this project you will need to run to the local wood store and grab a few materials. Five 1x4's, Six 1x10's, and some screws for the pocket holes. You will also need to choose what color stain you want and obviously some wood glue. Don't forget you will need clamps.
Step 1: Making the Frame
To start this project you will need to figure out the dimension of the bookcase you want. The typical height is 6' and the width of mine is 30". So you will start by cutting two of the 1x4's at 6' and then cut two pieces to 23", these two pieces will be the top and bottom. Add pocket holes to the two 23" pieces to attach them to the two 6' pieces. T
Next cut two of the 1x10's to 6' and create a rabbet on one edge in case you decide to add a back later. Then add pocket holes roughly every 1' and these two piece will act as the sides of the book case. Cut another 1x10 to 28.5" to attach between the two sides.
Now you should have you basic frame.
Step 2: Make Your Moulding
This step gives your bookcase an extra touch. You can easily buy your moulding at any big box store though.
Use either a handplane or different router bits to create a moulding design. When you go to do this do not cut the front and sides out yet. Create the moulding in one big piece, longer than needed, and then you will cut the sizes out. I have used a specialty plane to create top and stacked pieces together to get the desired looked. The corners are cut at 45* angles to fit together and make it look like the moulding wraps around the top and bottom.
Step 3: Adding Shelves and Finish
Now you are almost done. The next step is adding shelves. I used a shelf pin jig to make the shelves adjustable. I cut 4 shelves at 28.5" each and added a bottom that was custom cut to stick slightly out the front to blend into the moulding.
After everything is cut and assembled it is time for finishing. Start by sanding with 80 or 120 grit. Typically I start with 80 when using pine lumber. I stopped at 240 grit. I blew the bookcase off with an air compressor and then started the staining process. i used special walnut stain from minwax. After letting the dust settle i wiped down the bookcase and apply 7 coats of lacquer using a sprayer. In between each coat sand with 400 grit paper to keep the surface smooth feeling.
Thank you for checking it out!